Highway Safety Glossary
49 CFR Part 19: Federal regulation that establishes uniform administrative requirements for grants and other agreements with institutions of higher education, hospitals, and other non-profit organizations.
154 Transfer Program: A state that does not enact and enforce an open container law that complies with the requirements of 23 USC 154 shall have 3% of Federal-aid highway funds transferred to the State’ Section 402 program. Transferred Section 154 funds may be used only for alcohol-impaired countermeasures and enforcement, and hazard elimination (highway safety improvement program). Reference 23 CFR Part 1270
164 Transfer Program: A state that does not enact and enforce a repeat intoxicated driver law that complies with the requirements of 23 USC 164, shall have 3% of Federal-aid highway funds transferred to the State’s Section 402 program. Transferred Section 164 funds may be used only for alcohol-impaired countermeasures and enforcement, and hazard elimination (highway safety improvement program). Reference 23 CFR Part 1275
402 Program: 23 USC Section 402 (Highway Safety Act of 1966) authorizes, the State and Community Highway Safety Grant Program which provides federal aid to States, Territories and the Indian Nations for implementing traffic safety projects at the state and local levels. Section 402 funds are apportioned to the entities on a formula basis of population and roadway miles.
403 Program: Funds appropriated by Congress for the purpose of research and demonstration. The latter is usually in the form of a project awarded to a State that hopes to identify the effectiveness (or ineffectiveness) of a particular countermeasure or group of countermeasures.
405 SAFETEA-LU Grant Program: Incentive Grant Program for Occupant Protection Grants to States that adopt laws and implement effective programs to increase seat belt and child safety seat use. Grant funds, for use only for occupant protection programs, are available to states that meet the specific criteria. Reference 23 CFR Part 1345.
406 SAFETEA-LU Grant Program: Incentive grant program to increase safety belt use. Where available, under SAFETEA-LU, to states that enact and enforce primary safety belt use laws meeting specific requirements or achieve and maintain a high safety belt use rate without primary safety belt laws. Funds may be used for any safety purpose under Title 23 USC, including behavioral and infrastructure safety programs. 23 CFR Section 406.
408 SAFETEA-LU State Traffic Safety Information System Improvements Grants: A grant program to support the development and implementation of effective programs by the States to improve the traffic safety information system. Grant funds used only for traffic records/information system improvements are available to states that meet specific criteria and document improvement. Reference 23 CFR Section 2006
410 SAFETEA-LU Incentive Grant Program for Alcohol-Impaired Driving Prevention: Grants are awarded to states that adopt laws and implement effective programs to reduce traffic safety problems resulting from individuals driving motor vehicles while under the influence of alcohol. Grant funds may be used only to prevent impaired driving, are available to states that meet specific criteria. Reference 23 CFR Part 1313.
1906 SAFETEA-LU Incentive Grant Program to Prohibit Racial Profiling: A grant program encouraging states to enact and enforce laws that prohibit the use of racial profiling in the enforcement of traffic laws on Federal aid highway, and to maintain and allow public inspection of statistics on motor vehicle stops. Grant funds can be used for activities related to collecting data and implementing programs to reduce racial profiling, are available to state that meet specific criteria. Reference 23 USC Section 1906.
2010 SAFETEA-LU Motorcyclist Safety Incentive Grant: An incentive program available to States under SAFETEA-LU to encourage states to adopt effective motorcyclist safety programs. Grant funds may only be used for motorcyclist safety training and motorcyclist awareness (to enhance motorist awareness of the presence of motorcyclists) programs are available to states that meet specific criteria. Reference 23 CFR Part 1350.
2011 SAFETEA-LU Child Safety and Child Booster Seat Incentive Grant: Is an incentive grant program for child safety seats and child booster seats. Grant funds can be used to purchase and distribution of child restraints to low-income families; enforcement of child restraint laws; training concerning use of child restraints; and education programs to the public concerning proper use and installation of child restraints, are available to states that enact and enforce a booster seat law meeting specific requirements. Reference 23 USC Section 2011.
Annual Report: The report submitted each year by December 31 (90 days after end of federal fiscal year), by each State, which addresses: State progress in meeting highway safety goals, using performance measures as identified in the State’s Performance Plan. Reference 23 CFR Part 1200.35
Apportionment: Congressional division of Federal funds among States based on predetermined formula. Highway Safety funds are apportioned on the basis of a formula that uses the States’ population and roadway miles.
Appropriation: Congressional action making funds available for obligation and expenditure each fiscal year. Under the Highway Safety Act, appropriation places a limitation on funds previously authorized and apportioned.
Authorization: Congressional action providing an agency (e.g., NHTSA) the authority to carry out a program and at the same time place an upper (fiscal year) limitation on funds that can be appropriated. General, several fiscal years are included in a single authorization. Examples: Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient, Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) and Moving Ahead for Progress in The 21st Century Act (MAP-21).
Award: Means grant, cost reimbursement contracts and other agreements between a State, local and Indian tribal government and the Federal Government.
Awarding Agency: (a) with respect to a grant, cooperative agreement, or cost reimbursement contract, the Federal agency, and (b) with respect to a sub award, the party that awarded the sub award.
Benefit to Local: A state must meet the requirement that at least 40% of Section 402, 154AL and 164AL funds expended each fiscal year be expended by or for the benefit of local political subdivisions. Reference 23 CFR Part 1200 Appendix E
Blood Alcohol Concentration: The amount of alcohol in a person’s body is measured by the weight of the alcohol in a certain volume of blood. This is called the blood alcohol concentration, or “BAC.” Alcohol is absorbed directly through the walls of the stomach and the small intestine, goes into the bloodstream, and travels throughout the body and to the brain. Alcohol is quickly absorbed and can be measured within 30 to 70 minutes after a person has had a drink.
Carry-forward Funds: Those funds that a State has not expended on projects in the fiscal year in which they were apportioned or allocated, that are being brought forward and made available for expenditure in a subsequent fiscal year.
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance: A listing of all Federal programs available to State and local governments (including the District of Columbia); federally-recognized Indian tribal governments; Territories (and possessions) of the United States; domestic public, quasi- public, and private profit and nonprofit organizations and institutions; specialized groups; and individuals. Reference CFDA
Certifications Statements: Statements signed by the Governor Representative and submitted annually with the highway safety plan to NHTSA, providing formal assurances regarding the State’s compliance with applicable laws and financial and programmatic requirements pertaining to the Section 402 program.
Click It or Ticket: a national campaign to increase safety belt usage with high visibility enforcement and paid media at specific times, including a national mobilization around Memorial Day.
Closeout: A process for terminating a current year’s highway safety program and moving the unexpended funds into the subsequent year’s Highway Safety Plan. This must occur within 90 days of the end of the federal fiscal year. Reference 23 CFR Part 1200.40
Code of Federal Regulations: is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the departments and agencies of the Federal Government. It is divided into 50 titles that represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation. The 50 subject matter titles contain one or more individual volumes, which are updated once each calendar year, on a staggered basis. The annual update cycle is as follows: titles 1-16 are revised as of January 1; titles 17-27 are revised as of April 1; titles 28-41 are revised as of July 1; and titles 42-50 are revised as of October 1. Each title is divided into chapters, which usually bear the name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into parts that cover specific regulatory areas. Large parts may be subdivided into subparts. All parts are organized in sections, and most citations to the CFR refer to material at the section level.
Cognizant Agency: The Federal agency responsible for reviewing, negotiating, and approving cost allocation plans or indirect cost proposals developed under 2CFR Part 225 on behalf of all Federal agencies.
Common Rule: Federal regulation governing the administration of grants to State and local governments with its intent not to impose additional requirements on the grantee beyond requirements established by the government of that grantee. Reference 49 CFR Part 18.
Contract Authority: The statutory language that authorizes NHTSA to incur and obligation without the need for a prior appropriation or further action from Congress and which, when exercised, creates a binding obligation on the United States for which Congress must make subsequent liquidating appropriations. In the event that authorizations exist but no applicable appropriation act has been enacted by October 1 of a fiscal year, the NHTSA Administrator shall distribute to the States a part of the funds authorized under Section 402 contract authority to ensure program continuity. Reference 23 CFR Part 1200.15(b)
Contractor: The recipient of a contract or subcontract under the State’s highway safety planning document.
Continuing Resolution: If appropriation bills are not pass by Congress and signed by the President by October 1 of each year the President and Congress can agree to a Continuing Resolution that will allow Government agencies to continue programs at the same funding levels as the previous fiscal year. If the Continuing Resolution is not passed by Congress or passed and not signed by the President the Federal Government has no authority to operate.
Countermeasure: An activity or initiative to prevent, neutralize, or correct a specific problem.
Corrective Action Plan (CAP): A document developed jointly between NHTSA and the SHSO that identifies actions to address findings set forth in the Management Review Final Report, tasks to complete the actions, target dates for completion of each task, and a status element for indicating progress of each required action based upon periodic reporting by the State.
Cost Effective: A measure of project input in terms of dollars against output in terms of degree of accomplishment.
Cost Principles for Education Institutions: Federal regulations for determining costs applicable to grants, contracts and other agreements with educational institutions. Reference 2 CFR Part 220.
Cost Principles for State, Local, and Indian Tribal: Federal regulations that establish principles and standards for determining costs for federal awards carried out through grants, cost reimbursement contracts, and other agreements with governmental units. Reference 2 CFR 225.
Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System: A probabilistic linkage technique that make it possible for states to link large data files in a very short amount of time at relatively low cost. From the linked data, the states identify the expected medical and financial outcome for specific vehicle, crash, and person characteristics.
Data Element: A unit of information in its smallest meaningful form, which expresses an occurrence.
Direct Costs: Costs that can be identified specifically with a particular final cost objective.
Distracted Driving: The primary responsibility of the driver is to operate a motor vehicle safely. The task of driving requires full attention and focus. Drivers should resist engaging in any activity that takes their eyes and attention off the road.
Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over: A National Highway Traffic Safety Administration program to stop drunk driving on our nations roadways.
Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) Court: A court that specializes in cases involving driving while intoxicated and abides by the Ten Guiding Principles of DWI Courts in effect on the date of the grant, as established by the National Center for DWI Courts.
Equipment: Tangible, nonexpendable, personal property having a useful life of more than one year and an acquisition cost of $5,000 or more per unit. A grantee may use its own definition of equipment provided that such definition would at least include all equipment defined above. Reference 23CFR Part 1200.31
Evaluation: An assessment of the accomplishment or worth of an activity or countermeasure. Evaluations are predominantly of two types, (1) administrative evaluation which measures the actual activities, tasks, dollars against those planned; (2) impact evaluation which measures an activity against a specific goal, e.g., a reduction of fatalities, injuries.
Evidentiary Breath Testing: Any instrument capable of analyzing a sample of breath to determine blood alcohol concentration with sufficient accuracy to be admissible as evidence in court.
Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS): The number of traffic fatalities per number of vehicle miles travel in a given year. The rate is usually expressed in terms of fatalities per one hundred million miles traveled. Sometimes also expressed as a rate of population or licensed drivers.
Federally recognized Indian tribal Government: The governing body or a governmental agency of any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community certified by the Secretary of the Interior as eligible for the special programs and services provided by him through the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): an agency within the U.S. Department of Transportation responsible for the administration of the nation’s Federal-Aid highway funds.
Federal Motor Carriers Safety Administration: An agency within the U.S. Department of Transportation responsible for the reduction of injuries, crashes and fatalities in large vehicles.
Fiscal Year (FY): Any 12 month accounting period, but generally used to differentiate from a calendar year. The federal government fiscal year is October 1 through September 30.
Goal: A benchmark established to correct an identified problem, generally viewed from a long-range vantage of two to five years.
Governor’s Highway Safety Association: An association of state highway safety representatives whose primary purpose is to represent the state’s interests on a national level and provide support for state highway safety programs.
Governor’s Representative for Highway Safety (GR): The official appointed by the Governor to implement the state’s highway safety program or, for the application of this part to Indian Country as provided in 23 U.S.C. 402(h), an official of the Bureau of Indian Affairs or other Department of Interior official who is duly designated by the Secretary of the Interior to implement the Indian highway safety program.
Grant Tracking System (GTS): NHTSA’s web-based electronic system for accounting for grant funds awarded to States.
Grantee: The government to which a grant is awarded and which is accountable for the use of the funds provided.
Grants: The awarding of federal funds to a designated recipient such as a state highway safety agency to augment a state’s highway safety program.
Hatch Act: A certification required by states applying for Section 402 funds. The state will comply with the provisions of 5 USC 1501-1508 and implementing regulations of 5 CFR Part 151, concerning “Political Activity of State or Local Offices, or Employees”.
Hazards Elimination Program: Each state shall conduct and systematically maintain an engineering survey of all public roads to identify hazardous locations, sections, and elements, including roadside obstacles and unmarked or poorly marked roads which may constitute a danger to motorists. Reference 23 USC 152.
High Crash Location: Highway or road segments that are susceptible to an inordinate number of crashes, usually the result of poor road design, absence of appropriate traffic signing or signals, or lack of enforcement. Identification of high crash locations are a desirable part of the problem identification process.
High Risk Grantee: A grantee or sub-grantee determined by NHTSA to: have a history of unsatisfactory performance; be financially unstable; have a management system which does not meet the management standards set forth in 49 CFR 18.12; not conform to terms and conditions of previous awards or be otherwise not responsible.
High Visibility Enforcement (HVE): An integral part of occupant protection and impaired driving programs is high visibility enforcement efforts.
Highway Safety Act of 1966: Enacted by Congress to provide grant funds to the States for the purpose of reducing highway fatalities, injuries, and crashes. The Act established 14 highway safety standards (subsequently increased to 18), 12 administered by NHTSA and three administered by FHWA and one (pedestrian safety) administered by both agencies. The Act provides that funds are apportioned to the States on the basis of population and road mileage and that a minimum of 40% of funds received by each State be set aside for local benefit. The Act also provided that each Governor appoint a representative to administer the State highway safety program and that a maximum of ten percent of the funds may be used to fund the Planning and Administration activities of the State.
Highway Safety Plan Approval Letter: A letter sent to a State’s Governor and Governor’s Highway Safety Representative notifying them that based on the submission of the Highway Safety Plan, the State’s highway safety program is in compliance with requirements of Section 402 program. Reference 23 CFR 1200.14.
Highway Safety Plan (HSP): A state document, coordinated with the State strategic highway safety plan as defined in 23 U.S.C. 148(a), that the State submits each fiscal year as its application for highway safety grants, which describes the strategies and projects that State plans to implement and the resources from all sources it plans to use to achieve its highway safety performance targets. Reference 23 CFR 1200. Subpart B.
Highway Safety Program: The term used to include the planning, strategies and performance measures, and general oversight and management of highway safety strategies and projects by the State either directly or through sub-recipients to address highway safety problems in the State. A State highway safety program is defined in the annual Highway Safety Plan and any amendments.
Highway Safety Program Management Class: A training course offered by NHTSA and State highway safety office personnel to provide skills to manage the Federally funded highway safety program.
Highway Trust Fund: An account established by Congress into which user fees and motor fuel taxes are deposited to fund highway and highway safety initiatives.
House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure: The US House of Representatives Committee that establishes program parameters and that greatly influence the extent to which the highway safety program is funded.
House Report 1700: Statement of Congress that accompanied the Highway Safety Act of 1966 to show the intent of Congress in carrying out the Act. Of prime concern to Congress was the funds apportioned to States are used to initiate State and local programs that would ultimately become self-sustaining.
Impaired: The driving of a vehicle by a person whose reflexes have suffered from alcohol or other drugs to a point that is generally considered unsafe to operate a vehicle. Impairment is usually viewed less severely than intoxication.
Indirect Costs: Costs incurred for a common or joint purpose benefitting more than one cost objective, and not readily assignable to the cost objectives specifically benefitted, without effort disproportionate to the results achieved. Reference 2 CFR 225 Appendix A (F).
In Kind Match: The value of property or services which benefit a federally assisted project or program and which are contributed by non-Federal third parties without charge to the grantee, or a cost-type contractor under the grant agreement. Reference 49 CFR 18.24.
Local Governments: A county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments, any other regional or interstate government entity, or any agency or instrumentality of local government.
Major Equipment: Tangible, nonexpendable, personal property having a useful life of more than one year and an acquisition cost of $5,000 or more per unit. States may use their own definition of equipment as long as it meets the above requirements. Reference 23 CFR 1200.31.
Managing Federal Finances and Tracking Your Grants Class: NHTSA/TSI training course that addresses techniques for managing the financial operations that is basic to any Federally traffic safety program or project.
Management Review (MR): A review of a State Highway Safety Office’s systems and programs and operational processes for the purpose of improving and strengthening highway safety practices to ensure efficient administration and effective planning, implementation and evaluation of programs that have potential for saving lives.
Match: Federal share payable for the various highway safety grant programs (MAP-21 and SAFETEA-LU) shall not exceed the percentage as required in the applicable regulations. States are required to provide match for the remaining percentage, which can be direct or indirect costs but must be traceable and auditable.
Match Requirements (80-20): 23 USC Section 120(b) provides that the Federal share payable for the State and Community Highway Safety Program (Section 402) shall not exceed 80 percent (except States that elect to participate in a sliding scale). States are required to provide match for the remaining 20 percent, which can be direct or indirect costs, but must be traceable and auditable. Reference NHTSA Order 462-6C
Milestone: a major event to be accomplished by a given point in time.
Model Minimum Uniform Crash Criteria: Minimum set of crash data elements with standardized definitions that are relevant to injury control, highway, and traffic safety.
Monitoring: Management and oversight of the day-to-day operations of grant and sub-grant supported activities to assure compliance with applicable Federal and State requirements and that performance goal are being achieved. Monitoring cover each program, function or activity.
Reference 49 CFR 18.40.
Motorcycle: A motor vehicle with motive power having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground.
Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21)
National Priority Program Areas MAP-21 Section 405 Grants: Identified areas that encompass a major highway safety problem that is of national concern and for which effective counter-measures have been identified. (e.g., alcohol, occupant protection, police traffic services…). Such programs are eligible for Federal funding. Reference 23 CFR 1200 Subpart C.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA:) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation whose focus is to promote safer vehicles and safer driving practices to reduce deaths, injuries, medical costs and other economic losses resulting from motor vehicle crashes.
NHTSA Regional Offices: NHTSA is divided into ten regions geographically, each having technical assistance and oversight responsibility for specific states, the territories and the Indian Highway Safety Program.
Non-Major Equipment: All tangible property, which does not meet the definition of major equipment, including supplies. States may have their own definition.
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM): Published in the Federal Register to allow for comments on draft rulemaking by the Federal government.
Objective: A shorter-term benchmark than a goal that is quantifiable and measurable. Ideally a goal is established after which a series of objectives are identified to reach that goal.
Obligation Limitation: Authorization by NHTSA to States to proceed with work using Federal highway safety funds at specific levels as noted in a limitation on obligations based upon an applicable appropriation act.
Occupant Protection: Any device(s) installed in a vehicle designed to prevent an occupant from crashing into the vehicle’s interior or to reduce the severity of injuries for that occupant. Safety belts, child safety seats, air bags, padded interiors, and side door beams are all occupant protection devices.
Office of Inspector General: is an office of the U.S. Department of Transportation responsible for performing audit functions, evaluating the effectiveness of programs, ensuring policies and procedures are followed, and maintaining a system to review and resolve audit findings.
Office of Management and Budget (OMB): evaluates, formulates, and coordinates management procedures and program objectives within and among Federal departments and agencies. It also controls the administration of the Federal budget, while routinely providing the President with recommendations regarding budget proposals and relevant legislative enactments.
OMB Circular A-133: Federal regulation that establishes uniform audit requirements of non-federal entities that administer Federal awards and implements the Single Audit Act Amendments of 1966.
Paid Media: The purchase of advertising in a variety of mediums including television and radio, cinema, digital/internet, social, prints, outdoors and sports marketing for highway safety messages.
Primary Belt Law: is a safety belt use law that allows primary enforcement.
Performance Measures: To measure and assess progress, at the local, State, or national level. Used for several different purposes: set goals; connect goals to actions; allocate resources; monitor and evaluate progress; communicate the priorities, results, and the value to society of various traffic safety program areas and activities. Reference: “Traffic Safety Performance Measures for States and Federal Agencies” August 2008 (DOT HS 811025).
Performance Plan: The document, accompanied by the HSP, that States submit to NHTSA annually for approval that contains: (1) A list of annual quantifiable and measurable highway safety performance targets that is data-driven, consistent with the Uniform Guidelines for Highway Safety Program and based on highway safety problems identified by the State during the planning process conducted. (2) Performance measures developed by DOT in collaboration with the Governor’s Highway Safety Association and others, beginning with the MAP-21 directed “Traffic Safety Performance Measures for States and Federal Agencies” (DOT HS 811025), which are used as a minimum in developing the performance targets.
Reference 23 CFR Part 1200.11(2)(b)
Planning and Administration:As outline in 23 CFR Part 1200 Appendix F, these costs are direct and indirect costs that are attributable to the overall development and management of the Highway Safety Plan. Costs include salaries and related personnel benefits for the Governor’s Highway Safety Representative and for other technical, administrative, and clerical staff for the States’ Highway Safety Offices. Costs also include other office costs, such as travel, equipment, supplies, rent and utility expenses necessary to carry out the functions of the highway safety office.
Problem Identification: A process of analyzing (general data) to isolate specific causes or locations of traffic crashes.
Program: A project or group of projects designed to deter or counter specific traffic safety problems.
Program Area: A National Priority Program Area identified in 23 CFR 1200 or a program area identified by the State in the highway safety plan as encompassing a major highway safety problem in the state and for which effective countermeasures have been identified.
Program Cost Summary HS-217: A financial document that accompanies the Highway Safety Plan showing the total cost programmed for each program area or each program activity within that Highway Safety Plan. The electronic cost summary generated through the Grant Tracking System is the preferred method of submission by States to NHTSA. Reference 23 CFR Part 1200 Appendix B
Program Income: Gross income received by the grantee or sub-grantee directly generated by a grant-supported activity, or earned only as a result of the grant agreement during the grant period. Includes fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real or personal property acquired with grant funds, from the sale of commodities items fabricated under the grant agreement. Reference 49 CFR 18.25 and 23 CFR 1200.34.
Project: Any of the activities proposed or implemented under a States’ highway safety plan to address discrete or localized highway safety problems falling within one or more program areas.
Project Agreement: A contractual written agreement between the state highway safety agency and a sub-grantee or contractor under which the state agrees to provide 23 U.S.C. Chapter 4 funds in exchange for the sub-grantee’s or contractor’s performance of one or more undertakings or activities supporting the highway safety program.
Proportionate Funding: For all activities and equipment to be funded, which components both have related and unrelated to a highway safety grant, the Federal Government share shall be based proportionately on the projected utilization for the Federal grant purposes. For example, the NHTSA participation in the cost of a Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer for quantitative testing of drug evidential samples shall be on a pro rata basis. If a state laboratory department plans to use this equipment 20% of the time to identify drugged driving evidence and 80% of the time to identify non-traffic related evidence, the NHTSA participation must not exceed 20% of the cost of the equipment.
Public Service Announcement: A television, newspaper, or radio message that is broadcast free of charge by the network or station as a public service.
Public/Private Partnership: Government’s encouragement of partnerships between the government and private sector to work jointly toward and end in an effort to maximize progress and minimize the effects of the decline in Federal funds available to fund highway safety programs.
Rate: A ratio of the number per year normalized by the number of vehicles, drivers, population, or vehicle miles traveled.
Real Property: is land, including land improvements, structures and appurtenances thereto, excluding movable machinery and equipment.
Regional Program Manager: The Highway Safety Specialist in NHTSA Regional Offices who works with the State highway safety office and other partners.
Remove Intoxicated Drivers: A national organization dedicated to minimizing impaired driving.
Reprogramming: Applying carry forward funds to program areas and projects in a fiscal year subsequent to the one for which the funds were originally apportioned to the State.
Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient, Transportation Equity Act (SAFETEA-LU): A Legacy for Users – authorized highway, highway safety, transit, and other surface transportation modes FY06-FY09. Extended through FY12.
Seed Money: Grant funds awarded to a State or local agency for the purpose of initiating a traffic safety program or expanding one already in place with the intent that it will be able to sustain itself beyond the planned period of funding.
Self-Sustaining/Self-Sufficient: A program that is able to financially support its existence with funds generated through or as a result of the program,. e.g., fines, services performed, contributions.
Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee: The Senate Congressional Committee that oversees and influences highway safety program funding.
Severity: A measurement of the degree of seriousness concerning both vehicle impact (damage) and bodily injuries sustained by vehicle occupant.
State Highway Safety Office (SHSO): The state agency that administers and manages the State and Community Highway Safety Grant Program at the State level. Also known as State highway safety agency. Reference 23 CFR Part 1200.4
Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP): A statewide-coordinated safety plan that provides a comprehensive framework for reducing highway fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads. The SHSP strategically establishes statewide goals, objectives, and key emphasis areas developed in consultation with Federal, State, local, and private sector safety stakeholders. SHSP is a Federal requirement of SAFETEA-LU, 23 USC 148, and is a major part of the core Highway Safety Improvement Program.
Sub-Grantee: A recipient of an award of financial assistance by a State in the form of money, or equipment in lieu of money, under the State’s highway safety planning document.
Texting: The reading fro or manually entering data into a personal wireless communications device, including doing so for the purpose of SMS texting, e-mailing, instant messaging, or engaging in any other form of electronic data retrieval or electronic data communication.
Traffic Safety Institute: Was established in 1971 to assist DOT modal administrations accomplish their mission essential training requirements. Since its inception, TSI has expanded its clientele to keep up with the needs of the Department and transportation industry. The Institute offers premier transit, aviation, motor carrier, highway safety, hazardous materials, risk management, and other training nationally and internationally.
United States Code: The United States Code is the codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the United States. It is divided by broad subjects into 51 titles and published by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the U.S. House of Representatives. The U.S. Code was first published in 1926. The next main edition was published in 1934, and subsequent main editions have been published every six years since 1934. In between editions, annual cumulative supplements are published in order to present the most current information.
Vehicle Miles Traveled: Used as a means of determining exposure in calculating fatality rates.
Updated: January 27, 2014