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Resource library and resources
Office of Behavioral Safety Research Electronic Library of Publications - NHTSA’s Office of Behavioral Safety Research, in conjunction with the DOT Library, has established an electronic library of the Office’s research publications.

Community Traffic Safety Resource Library - The following categories contain descriptions of new and recent products or publications from a variety of agencies and organizations of interest to Safe Communities coalitions. Traffic Safety Facts contains valuable information on NHTSA

Aggressive Driving | Bicyclist and Pedestrians | Coalition Building | CPS
Data Analysis | Disabled Drivers | Distracted Driving | Employers | EMS
Health Industry | Impaired Driving | Injury Prevention | Law Enforcement Motorcycles | New Drivers | Occupant Protection | Older Drivers 


Aggressive Driving

Aggressive Driving Enforcement - in order to get to the point where aggressive driving is unacceptable, NHTSA has issued a new tool to help communities reduce injuries and deaths called Aggressive Driving Enforcement: Strategies for Implementing Best Practices. The publication defines aggressive driving, reviews existing legislation, describes ways to raise public awareness, outlines guidelines for prosecutors and judges, details strategies for traffic law enforcement, and summarizes programs that are working in other communities.

Motivations for Speeding, Volume I: Summary Report - this is Volume I of a three-volume report. It contains the results of a study that examined the speeding behavior of drivers in their own vehicles over the course of three to four weeks of naturalistic driving in urban (Seattle, Washington) and rural (College Station, Texas) settings.

Stop Aggressive Driving/Alto al Manejo Agresivo - this kit was designed to reach as wide an audience as possible and features everyday people. All kit materials are in English/Spanish format and include editorials, drop-in-articles, op-eds, radio PSAs, a brochure, mail-back cards and camera-ready cartoons for newspapers, newsletters and magazines. This approach of using English/Spanish in one publication is the one most favored by Hispanic organizations.

Bicycles and Pedestrians

Bicycle/Pedestrian Safety, Pupil Transportation, and Safe Routes to School (SRTS) activities in NHTSA are primarily housed within the Office of Research and Program Development (RPD) and the Office of Behavioral Safety Research, although some bio mechanics and crash worthiness research addresses pedestrian safety with respect to vehicle design. RPD is responsible for the behavioral aspects of bicycle, pedestrian safety and SRTS, including: program development, pertinent research, public information and education, training, enforcement and outreach. NHTSA’s National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA) compiles fact sheets and annual reports relating to fatalities and injuries due to bicycle and pedestrian related traffic crashes. Many bicycle and pedestrian safety activities are carried out jointly with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Current NHTSA initiatives and products are listed below.

NCSA’s Research Note - 2011 Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overview: (DOT-HS-811-701) - in 2011, 32,367 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes in the United States—the lowest number of fatalities since 1949, when there were 30,246 fatalities. Pedestrian fatalities went up and injuries down (4,432 and 69,000 respectively). Bicycle fatalities went up and injuries down (677 and 48,000 respectively).

Bicyclists and Other Cyclist - the safety of bicyclists across the age span will always be a focus of NHTSA, but we look particularly at our data to look for trends and needs for specific areas of focus. While many of injury prevention partners address children who bicycle, our data clearly shows that adults should be a priority focus. The average age of bicyclists killed in 2010 was 42 and injured was 31. A 10-year average (2001-2010) shows the average age killed is 39 and injured is 29. Among children, the data shows we should focus on children 10-14. That said, reaching adults (adult bicyclists, and motorists driving around bicyclists) is challenging at best. This fact sheet on motor vehicle and traffic crashes published by NHTSA’s NCSA, provides information on bicycle fatalities and injuries based on Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data.

Pedestrians (2011) - in 2010, 4,432 pedestrians died in traffic crashes, a 3% increase from the number reported in 2010. This fact sheet on motor vehicle and traffic crashes published by NHTSA’s NCSA, provides information on pedestrian fatalities and injuries based on Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data.

Children (2011) - in 2011, an estimated 48,000 pedalcyclists (NHTSA’s term for those who power with pedals, i.e. tricycles, unicycles, bicycles) were injured in motor vehicle traffic crashes. Sixteen percent (or an estimated 8,000) of the pedalcyclists who were injured were age 14 and younger. This fact sheet on motor vehicle and traffic crashes published by NHTSA’s NCSA, provides information on fatalities and injuries based on Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data

National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior - this report presents findings from the National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior, jointly sponsored by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) and administered by The Gallup Organization. The goals of the survey were to ascertain the scope and magnitude of bicycle and pedestrian activity and the public’s behavior and attitudes regarding bicycling and walking.

Coming Soon - Bicycle Safety Education for Children from a Developmental and Learning Perspective - this research is a companion to the developmental child pedestrian piece (Applying Learning and Developmental Theories to Develop Safe Street-Crossing Behavior). It includes a literature review of the developmental capacities of children ages 5 to 16 and associated learning theories, and discusses how this relates to teaching children how to ride bicycles safely.

Helmet Use Demonstration---Promising Practices to Increase Proper Helmet Use Among Youth - this demonstration sought to increase proper bicycle helmet use among middle school students. This 8 week peer-based program was demonstrated in four middle schools, in each of three States (MI, AZ, and FL), primarily involving students who already bicycled to school. The final Internet based products will provide a national peer-based model consisting of all the resources needed for organizations to replicate this program for middle school aged youth, including video training, guidance and downloadable materials. This may be of interest to schools, after school programs, summer programs, boy/girl scout or clubs. NHTSA’s final product includes a final report including lessons learned.

The Effects of High Visibility Enforcement on Driver Compliance to Pedestrian Right of Way Laws - this project explored the effects of police enforcement combined with media attention, public education, and cost effective engineering devices on drivers’ yielding behavior to pedestrians in crosswalks. This study was conducted in Gainesville, FL. Identifying Countermeasure Strategies Targeting Older Pedestrians. The goal of this project is to identify countermeasures to target older pedestrian populations.

Review of Studies on Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety, 1991-2007 - this report summarizes and synthesizes key studies, evaluates existing knowledge, identifies research gaps, and provides recommendations for future directions. Studies are organized into areas highlighting studies on pedestrian safety with emphasis on demographic characteristics, high-risk environments, travel behavior, injury typing and injury profiles and others.

Demonstration and Evaluation of the Heed the Speed Pedestrian Safety Program - this study expands the Heed the Speed program to determine the extent to which pedestrian safety is impacted when education and enforcement are combined on traffic calmed and non-traffic calmed streets. The original Heed the Speed program succeeded in reducing speeding in residential locations in Phoenix and Peoria but did not assess the impact of speed reduction on pedestrian safety. This program was implemented in Philadelphia.

Coming Soon - Make Some NOYS for Pedestrian and Bike Safety - this partnership between NHTSA and the National Organizations for Youth Safety (NOYS) incorporates pedestrian and bicycle safety into existing NHTSA/NOYS efforts currently directed towards high school and collegiate youth and motorized traffic safety issues. Activities under this agreement include: youth messaging for pedestrian and bicycle safety; National Youth Traffic Safety Month/Global Youth Traffic Safety Month (May); adding pedestrian and bicycle safety units to YOUTH-Turn (a toolkit to turn adversity into action) and Under YOUR Influence (for parents in relation to their teen); and exploring activities and venues to create community service learning projects for youth to reach youth and to reach adults regarding pedestrian and bicycle safety. Expected: Spring, 2014.

Coming Soon -Demonstration of Walk and Bike Safely: Beginning Level for Adult English Language Learners - Presser Research Group, in cooperation with NHTSA is evaluating the usability of NHTSA’s English as a Second Language course targeting adult immigrants at a low literacy level. While this can be used for any adult immigrant learning the English language, NHTSA is seeking to reach Hispanic adults due to their large numbers in the U.S. The project seeks to ensure the curriculum is easily taught by volunteer instructors in venues such as community and/or faith-based centers versus trained teachers at accredited learning centers, and to measure changes in student knowledge and intent to change behavior after taking the class. Expected completion: fall 2014. See For English as Second Language (ESL) Teachers and Learners beginning level curriculum.

Coming Soon - Responsible Walking and Bicycling- Youth Toolkit: For Pre-Driving Middle to Early High School Aged Youth - this toolkit includes five lessons including activities suitable for discussions with pre-adolescent – adolescent youth. Walking and bicycling are presented as the foundation for traffic safety principles which build to better enable youth to negotiate traffic, not just as a pedestrian or bicyclist but skills needed as a motorist. The resource takes youth from the “what” and “how” to behave around traffic to the “why” which is so important to this age group. Materials, when complete, will be suitable for adults facilitating or teaching youth. Materials can be used in their entirety or separately as part of driver’s education, after school club or camp. Youth facilitators can use the materials as part of leadership projects for service learning, leadership oriented clubs or scouts, etc. Expected: Spring, 2013.

Pedestrian Safety Program Management Course - this course will enable traffic safety program managers to better develop, facilitate and support comprehensive pedestrian safety programs in their states or regions. Two courses will be delivered through the DOT Traffic Safety Institute (TSI) in 2013.

Pedestrian Safety Program Technical Assessment - NHTSA organizes a team of pedestrian and highway safety experts that evaluate State pedestrian safety program activities based on NHTSA’s Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Safety No. 14, Pedestrian Safety. The team develops a consensus report that includes the status of the State’s pedestrian safety program and provides recommendation for improvement. Any State interested in having NHTSA facilitate a pedestrian safety assessment should contact Leah Walton at 202-366-4969 or leah.walton@dot.gov.

Asian Languages Pedestrian Safety Information - NHTSA has translated a few pedestrian safety pieces in the following Asian languages: Chinese, Korean, Tagalog, and Vietnamese.

Be a “Roll Model” safety campaign - program began as an effort to reach adults with information to ride their bicycles safely and to drive their cars safely around bicyclists because they need to be a role model. So frequently adults tell kids what to do but don’t follow with the same behaviors and kids notice! NHTSA will continue to create opportunities to incorporate be a “roll" model in many of their initiatives and public education materials. We will also look to older youth to be “roll” models to their peers and to younger children.

Walking and Bicycling Education Materials/Activities for Middle and High School Aged Youth - handouts and activities will focus on pedestrian and bicycle safety to target older youth. These web-based materials will be stand-alone pieces and part of the program: Responsible Walking and Bicycling Toolkit: For Pre-Driving Youth. Provided are some examples of downloadable pieces (PDF and PPTX files):

Chuggington Partnership - reaching parents and pre-school children:

Cycling Skills Clinic Guide: A step-by-step approach to planning and initiating a bicycle safety skills event - looking for bicycle rodeos, this web-based resource is a guide to conducting what was formerly termed the “Bicycle Rodeo.” The guide includes guidance on how to conduct the event, critical bicycle safety messages to teach participants, signage, sample letters, clinic layout, and take home materials.

Bicycle Safety Videos - this product compiles all four NHTSA bicycle safety videos onto one DVD. All videos are 508 compliant with closed captioning. The videos include: “Ride Smart, It’s Time to Start,” its sequel, “Bike Safe. Bike Smart.”, both of which are suitable for middle school age and as young as 3rd grade; “Bicycle Safety Tips for Adults,” and a how-to demonstration “Fitting a Bicycle Helmet.” Go to www.nhtsa.gov/bicycles for low resolution (web viewing) or high resolution (for presentations). 

  • Ride Smart, It's Time to Start (2002) is the first in the series of two videos. This 9-minute funky, fast-paced video uses humor, real-life examples, computer graphics, and a diverse group of youth using a peer-to-peer approach to teach middle and high school youth about how wearing a bicycle helmet can protect them from serious injuries (including brain injuries) and death.
  • Bike Safe - Bike Smart (2004) is the second in the series of two videos. This entertaining, yet instructional, ~9-minute minute bicycle safety video uses a visually stimulating, peer-to-peer approach to teach elementary and middle school age audiences. Viewers will learn about the rules of the road, signaling, riding at night, safe riding practices, and risky behaviors that they should avoid, and tips for purchasing and correctly fitting a bicycle helmet.
  • Bike Safety Tips for Adults offers the same traffic safety principles using adult actors.
  • Fitting a Bicycle Helmet - this is a step by step how to video, see.

Pedestrian Safety Videos - to order, see: http://mcs.nhtsa.gov/:

  • Willie Whistle (English) – for kids K-3 grade
  • Sergio Sibatato (Spanish) - Willie Whistle in Spanish
  • Walking With Your Eyes (English) - this video, for youth aged 7-10, will briefly review the safety skills covered in the “Stop and Look with Willy Whistle” video for younger children, and will also include more advanced pedestrian safety skills and concepts such as safety near roads with high traffic volumes, crossing controlled and signalized intersections, and visual screens and safety in parking lots.

Law Enforcement Specific Materials:

  • Roll-Call Training Videos: Enforcing Pedestrian Safety Laws/Enforcing Bicycle Safety Laws for Law Enforcement Officers - these roll call training videos introduce law officers to pedestrian and bicycle safety. Each video provides an introduction to the common violations that contribute to pedestrian or bicycle crashes involving motorists. Each video discusses the importance of law enforcement in pedestrian and bicycle safety respectively, including identifying high-risk behaviors, enforcement activities, and reporting of crashes. To order: http://mcs.nhtsa.gov/.
  • NHTSA Pedestrian Safety Training for Law Enforcement - this computer-based, self-paced, interactive training program is designed to help law enforcement officers understand the factors involved in pedestrian crashes, identify effective enforcement countermeasure techniques, understand the importance of complete and accurate pedestrian crash reporting, and become pedestrian safety advocates in the community. To order: http://mcs.nhtsa.gov/.
  • Enhancing Bicycle Safety: Law Enforcement’s Role (CD-ROM Training) - this self-paced interactive training program teaches law enforcement officers: application of traffic laws that apply to bicyclists and motorist interactions with bicyclists; common infractions causing bicycle/motorist crashes; and why enforcement of the laws is important. Successful completion of the training may enable law enforcement officers to receive continuing education units. To order: http://mcs.nhtsa.gov/
  • Law Enforcement Resource on Safe Routes to School (SRTS) - NHTSA, in cooperation with the National Center for Safe Routes to School, has developed a web-based resource guide to engage law enforcement officers in SRTS programs and to provide tools for their use in local SRTS efforts to increase safety for children to walk and bike to school. 

Safe Routes to School Toolkit - this toolkit has been designed to assist you in initiating and implementing a SR2S program. Many successful programs began with just one or two volunteers organizing a Walk and Bike to School Day, using the energy generated from a single event to build a SR2S program. Other SR2S programs were created through a community-wide Task Force organized by public officials to address traffic issues. There is no “right” way to start the program. Customizing your program to the needs of your community will ensure the success of your program but your chance of success will increase if you follow in the footsteps of the pilot programs.

Safer Journey: Interactive Pedestrian Safety Awareness - Safer Journey was developed by FHWA to improve the level of pedestrian knowledge for all road users and safety practitioners. You may preview the program on-line by clicking on the link above or request the program on CD-Rom by e-mailing Leverson.Boodlal@fhwa.dot.gov.

Bikeability Checklist: How bikeable is your community? - this useful tool can help you find the answer. Take a ride and use this checklist to decide if your neighborhood is a friendly place to bicycle. Take heart if you find problems, there are ways you can make things better.

Walkability Checklist: How walkable is your community? - this useful tool can help you find the answer. Take a walk and use this checklist to decide if your neighborhood is a friendly place to walk. Take heart if you find problems, there are ways you can make things better.

 

Child Passenger Safety

WHALE - an identification program that stared in the early 1990s by Connie Day, a child caregiver in Virginia, who wondered what would happen to the children in her care in the event of a car crash. The program is now recognized and used by emergency personnel in 34 States.

Use the Five-Star Ease of Use Ratings - NHTSA now provides parents a new five-star ratings system that allows you to evaluate how easy certain car seat features are to use before you buy a seat.

Identifying Strategies to Reduce the Percentage of Unrestrained Young Children - the purpose of this study was to explore the factors that contribute to nonuse of occupant restraints by children 5 through 7 years of age riding in motor vehicles, and to identify strategies to increase restraint use in this age group.
 


Aggressive Driving | Bicyclist and Pedestrians | Coalition Building | CPS
Data Analysis | Disabled Drivers | Distracted Driving | Employers | EMS
Health Industry | Impaired Driving | Injury Prevention | Law Enforcement Motorcycles | New Drivers | Occupant Protection | Older Drivers 


Coalition Building

Countermeasures That Work (2013) - this is a compendium of countermeasures in nine traffic safety areas – alcohol impaired driving, occupant protection, aggressive driving and speeding, distracted and fatigued driving, motorcycle safety, young drivers, older drivers, pedestrians, and bicycles. It is a basic reference to assist State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) in selecting effective, science-based traffic safety countermeasures for major highway safety problem areas, including pedestrian and bicycle safety. Expected: Winter, 2013. Note: The Bicycling Curriculum for Physical Education Teachers and Recreation Specialists will not be included in this product since cut off for inclusion was May 2012. It will be included in the next version in 2015.

Safe Communities: The First Six Months - start-up guide are now available on-line by clicking on the links above. The brochure is designed to help coalitions sell the Safe Communities approach to business, community leaders, health professionals and others. The guide is intended to help traffic safety and injury prevention advocates get the process started and organize a coalition to prevent and reduce injuries in your community.

Traffic Safety Fact - 5,288 people age 65 and older were killed in 2009 and 187,000 were injured in traffic crashes. These older individuals made up 16% of all traffic fatalities and 8% of all people injured in traffic crashes during the year.

Guide to Community Preventive Services - the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Center for Injury Prevention and Control is developing the Guide to Community Preventive Services to provide recommendations to decision makers about traffic safety and other interventions appropriate for use by communities.

Community How To Guides on Underage Drinking Prevention - nine excellent guides were developed with the National Association of Governors' Highway Safety Representatives as a part of the Underage Drinking Prevention Project. The Community Guides take into account what was learned throughout the project and are intended to assist other advocates who want to implement a comprehensive program. The new guides were designed to assist communities not only with the underage drinking problem, but with any community-based advocacy effort, advising locals on how to deal with the following issues: Coalition Building; Needs Assessment/Strategic Planning; Enforcement; Prevention/Education; Public Policy; Media Relations; Evaluation; Self-Sufficiency; and Resources.


Aggressive Driving | Bicyclist and Pedestrians | Coalition Building | CPS
Data Analysis | Disabled Drivers | Distracted Driving | Employers | EMS
Health Industry | Impaired Driving | Injury Prevention | Law Enforcement Motorcycles | New Drivers | Occupant Protection | Older Drivers


Data Analysis

State Traffic Safety Information (STSI) - STSI is a by-State profile of traffic safety data and information including: crash statistics, economic costs, legislation status, funding programs, and more.

Fatalities and Injuries to 0-8 Year Old Passengers - NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis has released a technical report, Fatalities and Injuries to 0-8 Year Old Passenger Vehicle Occupants based on Impact Attributes (DOT HS 809 410). This comprehensive report takes a look at the pattern and trends in fatalities and injuries to these young passengers.

The Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes 2000 - society, individual crash victims and their families, friends and employers are affected by motor vehicle crashes in many ways. This new report examines costs resulting from motor vehicle crashes. The purpose of presenting these costs is to place in perspective the economic losses that result from these crashes, and to provide information to government and private sector officials for use in structuring programs to reduce or prevent these losses. 

Drugs and Human Performance Fact Sheet - a technical report from the Office of Research and Technology was developed to identify sixteen of the most commonly used and abused drugs. The 103 page report, which was the result of a meeting held in August 2000 sponsored by the National Safety Council (NSC), the State of Washington Traffic Safety Commission, and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, gives information on psychopharmacology and the specific effects each drug has on driving.

Fatal Injuries Among Children by Race and Ethnicity, United States 1999-2002 - injury death rates by mechanism and race/ethnicity have been documented for the entire population but not for children alone (7). This report summarizes death rates in the United States from both unintentional and intentional injury during 1999--2002 for children aged 0--19 years by race/ethnicity. This report also compares the racial/ethnic disparity in injury rates by race during 1999--2002 with the disparity during the 1980s and 1990s to determine whether progress had been made in addressing this problem. 

2009 Traffic Safety Facts - previous to current facts - motor vehicle travel is the primary means of transportation in the United States, providing an unprecedented degree of mobility. Yet for all its advantages, deaths and injuries resulting from motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for people of every age from 3 through 6 and 8 through 34 (based on 2005 data).


Aggressive Driving | Bicyclist and Pedestrians | Coalition Building | CPS
Data Analysis | Disabled Drivers | Distracted Driving | Employers | EMS
Health Industry | Impaired Driving | Injury Prevention | Law Enforcement Motorcycles | New Drivers | Occupant Protection | Older Drivers 


Distracted Driving


Distracted Driving Research - the following is a limited bibliography of research reports concerning distracted driving. It is meant to provide a brief introduction to the current state of research on the issue. The U.S. Department of Transportation does not endorse the research listed here, nor does non-DOT research represent the official position of DOT, its agencies, or its employees.

Blueprint for Ending Distracted Driving - NHTSA 2012
This policy document from NHTSA contains distracted driving statistics and outlines concrete steps stakeholders around the country can take to reduce the risk posed by distracted driving.

Distracted Driving 2011 - NHTSA 2013 - this research note from NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis discusses distracted driving statistics from 2011. The analysis was based on a data set of known distraction affected deaths in motor vehicle crashes at the time of publication.

Distracted Driving and Driver, Roadway, and Environmental Factors - NHTSA 2010 - this study analyzes two types of inattention-related factors: a driver's interaction with in-vehicle sources of distraction and cognitive activities such as thinking about personal, financial, or family problems.

Emergency Medical Services

Developing Best Practices of Emergency Care for the Alcohol Impaired Patient - NHTSA, ACEP and ENA partnered to bring the current state of knowledge about alcohol impairment and treatment of patients with AUPs to a broad audience of trauma surgeons, emergency physicians, emergency nurses, and paramedics. Recommendations were made at a national conference in 2001 and are contained in this useful report.

Emergency Medical Services Outcomes Evaluation - the primary goal of this work is to support and facilitate EMS outcomes research and evaluation to be conducted by the broad EMS community. In essence, a "blueprint" and a set of "tools" has been developed that EMS practitioners can use to evaluate the effectiveness of prehospital care.

Emergency Medical Services Education Agenda for the Future: A Systems Approach - this vision for the EMS education system of the future will accommodate the increasing sophistication and changing nature of EMS. It will clarify the educational decision-making process, and establish avenues for input and research. This proposal will promote national consistency, but is flexible enough to accommodate state and local variations. These concepts will enable timely changes in patient care.

 

Employers

NETSWork - a twice-monthly newsletter, which features workplace traffic safety news and information is now available online to registered users.

The Economic Burden of Traffic Crashes on Employers - employers pay for injuries that occur on and off the job. Annually between 1998-2000, these injuries cost employers almost $60 billion. This report demonstrates that employers implementing prevention programs that increase restraint use and reduce impaired driving have the potential to realize large health care savings.

 

Health Industry

School Health Organization - schools are assuming an increasingly important role in health promotion, disease prevention, and injury prevention in the lives of children and adolescents. To help schools deal with issues that vary from violence to substance abuse to obesity, more than 300 health, mental health, safety, school health and education professionals joined together in developing the Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools (HMHSGS.) The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the National Association of School Nurses (NASN), with funding from the Health Resources and Services Administration/Maternal and Child Health Bureau (HRSA/MCHB), led the project.

State Health Facts Online - the Kaiser Family Foundation has set up a new Internet resource that offers comprehensive and current health information for all 50 states, DC and US territories. The site offers health policy information on a broad range of issues such as managed care, health insurance coverage and the uninsured, Medicaid, Medicare, women's health, minority health, and others. Users can view information for a single state or compare and rank data across all 50 states and compare it to US totals.


Aggressive Driving | Bicyclist and Pedestrians | Coalition Building | CPS
Data Analysis | Disabled Drivers | Distracted Driving | Employers | EMS
Health Industry | Impaired Driving | Injury Prevention | Law Enforcement Motorcycles | New Drivers | Occupant Protection | Older Drivers 


Impaired Driving

Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over  - planner and promotional materials can be downloaded from this site. These materials alert you of the latest crackdown information and now has the Spanish version available for downloading.

Click It or Ticket: Campaign Model for Boosting Belt Use in Minority Communities - summarizes the implementation of South Carolina's Diversity Outreach Subcommittee to (1) develop recommendations to ensure that during their Click It or Ticket mobilization, differential enforcement (i.e., racial profiling) would not occur and (2) to assist in marketing the campaign to the minority community to generate increases in safety belt/child seat use. As a result of the program, a 14.3% increase in safety belt use rates in 2001 by the minority community was realized and without a single complaint of harassment received by any enforcement agency in the state.

Web-Based Alcohol Cost Calculator for Businesses - George Washington University Medical Center has a new, free on-line calculator, which allows businesses to calculate company losses that result directly from alcohol problems among their employees. To use the Calculator, a business simply enters its business category and number of employees. 

A How to Guide for Victim Impact Panels - this document is a "how-to" manual that describes the development and implementation of drunk driving victim impact panels. Victim impact panels bring together victims of drunk driving crashes and first-time impaired offenders. These panels are a routine sentencing option in many courts, driving programs, and schools. The Guide was originally conceived and developed by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD). It was revised and reprinted by MADD and NHTSA in July 2001.

State Alcohol Related Fatality Rates - this report examines the extent of alcohol related fatalities in traffic crashes across states and over time and normalizes this data by estimating the rate of these fatalities as a function of the Annual Vehicle Miles of Travel (VMT) data for that state. The rate of alcohol related fatalities as a measure of the State’s VMT serves as an important metric for States and NHTSA Regions to evaluate the effectiveness of their drunk-driving countermeasures as well as assess the performance of their alcohol programs relative to their states and regions.

NHTSA and the US Department of Education with the Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention released the Safe Lanes on Campus: A Guide for Preventing Impaired Driving and Underage Drinking. Grounded in research literature, the 60-page guidebook describes strategies for combating underage drinking and impaired driving. 

Find Treatment for Substance Abuse - the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration has launched a new web site featuring a drug and alcohol abuse treatment program locator. The locator is attached to a national database where users can easily find treatment facilities by clicking on the desired state located on the national image map. In addition, a mental health and buprenorphine physician locator is available and phone numbers for additional advice, which is available in English, Spanish, and for the hearing impaired.

Hardcore Drunk Driving State Sourcebook - Hardcore Drunk Driving State Sourcebook released. The Century Council (TCC) released in October 2003 a comprehensive Hardcore Drunk Driving State Sourcebook that lists recommendations to help educate law enforcement, judges, prosecutors, and state legislatures about the problem of hardcore drunk driving as well as to highlight state specific information on hardcore provisions and regulations.

Impaired Driving Prevention Toolkit - the Community Anti Drug Coalitions of America’s Impaired Driving Prevention Toolkit is a product of a NHTSA partnership. It is a “Prevention Primer 101,” providing basic facts; ways to evaluate the problem and/or successful initiatives in your communities; concrete steps to help integrate this issue into your current activities; and resources you can turn to for additional guidance. 

Techniques for Effective Alcohol Management (TEAM) - created radio spots and public service announcements (PSA) focused on promoting designated driver and safety belt use that were broadcasted on radio stations in participating National Football League cities during the month of December. National distribution of these PSAs are still available on the web. Developed in partnership with the Century Council and Techniques for Effective Alcohol Management, the radio spots and PSAs can be customized for individual teams. View PSAs.


Aggressive Driving | Bicyclist and Pedestrians | Coalition Building | CPS
Data Analysis | Disabled Drivers | Distracted Driving | Employers | EMS
Health Industry | Impaired Driving | Injury Prevention | Law Enforcement Motorcycles | New Drivers | Occupant Protection | Older Drivers 


Injury Prevention

The Injury Prevention Web - hosts the web sites of several agencies and organizations working to prevent injuries. This site contains injury data for every U.S. state, more than 700 links to government and non-profit injury prevention sites worldwide, suggestions of books for your library, the gateway for information about scheduled injury prevention teleconferences, and listings of jobs in the injury research and prevention field. 

Safety Literature.org - the Injury Prevention Web provides this online source to recently published abstracts on injury prevention.

 

Law Enforcement

Albuquerque New Mexico: Safe Streets Program - this report documents Albuquerque NM's Safe Streets program. This special traffic enforcement program revolved on four major elements: saturation patrols, follow-up patrols, freeway speed enforcement and sobriety checkpoints.

 

 Motorcycles

Motorcycle Helmet Use Laws - motorcycle helmets provide the best protection from head injury for motorcyclists involved in traffic crashes. The passage of helmet use laws governing all motorcycle operators and passengers is the most effective method of increasing helmet use.

National Agenda for Motorcycle Safety - this strategic plan provides a shared vision for future motorcycle safety efforts. It comprehensively examines issues including the human, social, vehicle, and environmental factors that influence motorcycle safety. Each issue is examined from the standpoint of where we are today, where we want to be in future, and the best way to get there. Eighty-two recommendations are provided for improving motorcycle safety.


Aggressive Driving | Bicyclist and Pedestrians | Coalition Building | CPS
Data Analysis | Disabled Drivers | Distracted Driving | Employers | EMS
Health Industry | Impaired Driving | Injury Prevention | Law Enforcement Motorcycles | New Drivers | Occupant Protection | Older Drivers 


New Drivers

Youth Impaired Driving Manual for Sheriffs - combating underage drinking and driving in rural areas is a primary emphasis of sheriffs in their effort to protect the motoring public. By combining many of the proven methods of enforcement and education approaches with new or different programs, the desired results can be achieved. Although this publication primarily targets needs of the rural sheriff, the information presented is broad enough for use by any law enforcement agency.

The “I Promise Program” surveyed driving instructors on the one thing they could get parents of young driver to do and generated a report called Driving Instructors Remind Parents: Practice Practice Practice, which is now available on their web site. The report was just in time for the National Safety Council’s “Crash Free June”, which was the theme for Nation Safety Month this year.

A Fork in the Road Toolkit created by FACE - is based on the Institute of Medicine’s National Academy of Sciences summary report on “Reducing Underage Drinking.” The toolkit provides a roadmap for organizations wanting to develop and implement programs dealing with the epidemic of underage drinking. The toolkit contains presentation instructions, assessment and planning tools, the Institute of Medicine’s report, and Power Point slides.

Driver's Edge for Teens - AAA, Sprint, Bridgestone and the NV Highway Patrol Association are sponsoring an MTV-style program called the Driver's Edge, a non-profit 501(c) (3) organization, which addresses youth driver education through a unique combination of classroom and "behind the wheel" experience. Driving exercises address the most common driving situations that can lead to crashes. Skid Pad Exercise includes: Evasive Lane Change Exercise, ABS/NON-ABS Braking Exercise, and Front-Wheel Drive/Rear-Wheel Drive Comparison Exercise. A video demonstrates the program.

Determine Why There are Fewer Young Alcohol-Impaired Drivers - drinking and driving in the U.S. decreased substantially from 1982 to 1998 and the number of young drivers in fatal crashes with a positive BAC dropped 61 percent during this time. This study reviews data on youth drinking and driving, analyzes differences across the states, and examines evidence of the effectiveness of laws and programs that may have affected youth drinking and driving.


Aggressive Driving | Bicyclist and Pedestrians | Coalition Building | CPS
Data Analysis | Disabled Drivers | Distracted Driving | Employers | EMS
Health Industry | Impaired Driving | Injury Prevention | Law Enforcement Motorcycles | New Drivers | Occupant Protection | Older Drivers 


Occupant Protection

Nighttime Enforcement Of Seat Belt Laws: An Evaluation of Three Community Programs - enforcement of seat belt laws has been conducted largely during daylight hours. Daytime enforcement programs have worked well to improve observed belt use rates during the day, but they have been shown less often to affect late-night usage. Fatality data show that unbelted occupants at night are a large portion of the fatality problem in the U.S. and that a substantial reduction in fatalities could be achieved by getting late-night occupants to buckle up.

Evaluation of the Buckle Up in Your Truck Programs - to address the challenge of low seat belt use among pickup truck occupants, particularly young males, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration initiated a series of high-visibility enforcement demonstration programs called Buckle Up in Your Truck (BUIYT).

 

Older Drivers

SeniorDrivers.Org - the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety has created a new web site to help seniors stay safely behind the wheel for as long as possible. Tools include items on Health and Fitness, Getting Ready, Driving, Travel Tips, Emergencies, Quiz, and Research. Information is available in web page and video formats. The site also features news and links.

Older Driver Program Five-Year Strategic Plan 2012-2007 - older drivers (defined as people 65 and older) represent a significant and increasing proportion of America drivers. As of 2008, 32.2 million drivers in the United States were at lease 65 years old. It is estimated that by 2020, there will be more than 40 million licensed drivers 65 and older. At the onset of this increase in numbers of older adult drivers, NHTSA has a unique opportunity to help the Nation plan and prepare for its transportation safety needs.

 
 
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