Skip to Main Navigation

HIGHWAY SAFETY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

 

Year

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Authorization

$71.424 M

$110 M

$107.75 M

$107.75 M

$105.5 M

 

Program Purpose

Section 2003 of SAFETEA-LU amends Section 403 of chapter 4 of Title 23 to authorize funding of:

  • (1) research on all phases of highway safety and traffic conditions, including crash causation, highway or driver characteristics, communications, and emergency care;
  • (2) research on driver behavior and its effect on traffic safety;
  • (3) initiatives to counter fatigued driving and distracted driving in motor vehicles;
  • (4) training or education programs in cooperation with other Federal departments and agencies, States, private sector persons, highway safety personnel and law enforcement personnel;
  • (5) research on the effectiveness of traffic safety countermeasures, including safety belts and impaired driving initiatives;
  • (6) development of best practices related to driver education programs and recommendations for harmonizing driver education and multistage graduated licensing systems;
  • (7) training and education programs related to older drivers;
  • (8) demonstration projects; and
  • (9) and training and programs relating to motorcycle safety. Authorizes NHTSA to participate in international activities related to highway safety.

Eligibility

As identified in earmark or solicitation.

Funding

Authorizes $431 M for fiscal years 2006-2009.

Program Administration

The National Highway Safety Administration will administer this program.  In doing so, it will adhere to the following Congressional mandates:

  • On-Scene Motor Vehicle Collision Causation Study by National Academy of Sciences and Report.
  • At least 2 Distracted, Inattentive, and Fatigued Drivers Demonstration Projects and Report evaluating new and innovative means of combating traffic system problems caused by the distracted, inattentive or fatigued drivers.
  • Pedestrian Safety Report identifying the most effective advanced technology and intelligent transportation systems that could potentially mitigate the crash forces on pedestrians in the event of a crash, including recommendations on how new technological developments could be incorporated into educational and enforcement efforts and integrated into national design guidelines developed by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation
  • Refusal of Intoxication Testing Study and Report examining the frequency with which persons arrested for the offense of operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated refuse to take a test to determine blood alcohol concentration levels and the effect such refusals have on the ability of States to prosecute such persons for those offenses.
  • Impaired Motorcycle Driving Study and Report on educational, public information and other activities targeted at reducing motorcycle crashes and resulting fatalities and injuries, where the operator of the motorcycle is impaired.
  • Reducing Impaired Driving Recidivism Study and Report on reducing the incidence of alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes and fatalities through research of advanced vehicle-based alcohol detection systems, including an assessment of the practicability and cost effectiveness of such systems.
  • Safety Data Collection and Report on accidents involving motor vehicles being backed up that result in fatalities and injuries.
  • $1.2 million annually for Drug Impaired Driving Enforcement Research and Report on the prevention, detection and prosecution of driving under the influence of an illegal drug, including development of model statute.
  • First Responder Vehicle Safety Program to: (1) develop and implement a comprehensive program to promote compliance with State and local laws intended to increase the safe and efficient operation of first responder vehicles; (2) compile a list of best practices by State and local governments to promote compliance with these laws; (3) analyze State and local laws intended to increase the safe and efficient operation of first responder vehicles; and (4) develop model legislation to increase the safe and efficient operation of first responder vehicles.
  • $1 M in FY 2005 for Driver Performance Study and Report to study the risks associated with glare to oncoming drivers, increased risks to drivers over the age of 50, and the overall effects of glare on driver performance.
  • $1 M in FY 2006 for Rural State Emergency Medical Services Optimization Pilot Program and Report on optimizing emergency medical services in Alaska.
  • $1.7 M annually for Older Driver Safety; Law Enforcement Training Research, Demonstration Program and Report to improve traffic safety pertaining to older drivers.
  • $0.5 M annually for program to provide guidance and support to law enforcement personnel in Police Chase Guidelines.