SAFETY BELT PERFORMANCE GRANTS

 

Year

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Authorization

$0

$124.5 M

$124.5 M

$124.5 M

$124.5 M

 

Program Purpose

Section 2005 of SAFETEA-LU establishes a new program of incentive grants (under Section 406 of chapter 4 of Title 23) to encourage the enactment and enforcement of laws requiring the use of safety belts in passenger motor vehicles.  A State may use these grant funds for any safety purpose under this Title or for any project that corrects or improves a hazardous roadway location or feature or proactively addresses highway safety problems.  However, at least $1 million of amounts received by States must be obligated for behavioral highway safety activities.

Eligibility

A State is eligible for an incentive grant if it did not have a conforming primary safety belt use law for all passenger motor vehicles in effect on or before December 31, 2002, and either:

  • Enacts for the first time after December 31, 2002, and has in effect and is enforcing a conforming primary safety belt use law for all passenger motor vehicles; or,
  • After December 31, 2005, has a State safety belt use rate of 85 percent or more for each of the 2 consecutive calendar years immediately preceding the fiscal year of the grant.

A State that meets either of the above two criteria will receive a one-time grant equal to 475 percent of the State’s apportionment under Section 402 for fiscal year 2003.

If a State does not meet either of the above two criteria, and if funds remain after grants have been awarded to all States that do meet either of the two criteria by July 1 each year, the State will qualify for a one-time grant equal to 200 percent of its apportionment under Section 402 for fiscal year 2003 if it has in effect, and is enforcing a conforming primary safety belt law for all passenger motor vehicles that was in effect before January 1, 2003.

Any grant funds that remain available on July 1, 2009, shall be allocated in accordance with the Section 402 formula among all states that, as of that date, have in effect and are enforcing conforming safety belt laws for all passenger motor vehicles

Passenger motor vehicles include passenger cars, pickup trucks, vans, minivans and sport utility vehicles with gross vehicle weight rating of less than 10,000 pounds.

Those jurisdictions defined as “States” in chapter 4 of Title 23 are eligible to receive Section 406 funds; this includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, Guam and the Virgin Islands.

Funding

Authorizes $498 million over 4 years.  If the total amount of incentive grants provided for a fiscal year exceeds available funds for that fiscal year, grants shall be made to States in the order in which the States meet either of the above two criteria.  However, States eligible for a grant that did not receive one and that continue to meet either of the criteria in the next fiscal year shall be eligible for a catch-up grant.

The Federal share payable for grants under this section is 100 percent.

Program Administration

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration will administer this program.