JUST RELEASED: Research Notes, Crash*Stats & Reports
- Research Note “Driver License Compliance Status in Fatal Crashes” (DOT HS 812 046), Driver license status in fatal motor vehicle traffic crashes was examined in association with other variables in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). All States require a driver’s license for a person to be legally permitted to drive a vehicle. However, people sometimes choose to drive vehicles for which they are not licensed. This report examines how the status of driver licenses relates to various driver demograph¬ics and other factors in fatal crashes. However, being involved in a fatal crash while having an invalid license does not imply that either the invalidly licensed driver, or the fact that she or he had an invalid license, was the cause of a crash.
- Traffic Safety Fact Sheet 2012 “Passenger Vehicles” (DOT HS 812 070), In 2012 there were an estimated 9,754,000 vehicles involved in police-reported traffic crashes, 96 percent (9,387,000) of which were passenger vehicles (passenger vehicles include passenger cars and light trucks (pickup trucks, vans, SUVs, and other light trucks) weighing 10,000 GVWR or less). There were 45,586 vehicles involved in fatal crashes, of which 78 percent (35,346) were passenger vehicles. In 2012, there were 21,667 passenger vehicle occupants who lost their lives in traffic crashes, and an estimated 2.09 million were injured.
- NHTSA NCSA Crash*Stat “Early Estimate of Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities for the First Quarter of 2014” (DOT HS 812 055), A statistical projection of traffic fatalities for the first quar¬ter of 2014 shows that an estimated 6,800 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes. This represents a decrease of about 4.9 percent as compared to the 7,150 fatalities that were projected to have occurred in the first quarter of 2013. Preliminary data reported by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) shows that vehicle miles traveled (VMT) in the first three months of 2014 decreased by about 4.2 billion miles, or about a 0.6-percent decrease.
- 2012 Traffic Safety Fact Sheet "Rural/Urban Comparison" (DOT HS 812 050), This fact sheet contains statistics on motor vehicle fatal crashes based on data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). Rural and urban boundaries are determined by the State highway departments and approved by the Federal Highway Administration. In 2012, there were 30,800 fatal crashes resulting in 33,561 fatalities. Rural areas accounted for 53 percent (16,443) of the fatal crashes and 54 percent (18,170) of the fatalities as compared to urban areas that accounted for 46 percent (14,263) of the fatal crashes and 46 percent (15,296) of the fatalities.
- NCSA Research Note “Estimating Lives Saved by Electronic Stability Control, 2008–2012” (DOT HS 812 042), In 2012, electronic stability control (ESC) saved an esti¬mated 446 lives among passenger car (PC) occupants, and 698 lives among light truck and van (LTV) occupants, for a total of 1,144 lives saved among passenger vehicle (PV) occupants. PVs consist of PCs and LTVs. This estimate of 1,144 lives saved in 2012 is a substantial increase over the estimated 859 lives saved in 2011, 736 lives saved in 2010, 598 lives saved in 2009, and 551 lives saved in 2008.
- Report “The 2013 National Survey of the Use of Booster Seats” (DOT HS 812 037), This technical report presents results from the 2013 National Survey of the Use of Booster Seats (NSUBS). NSUBS is the only probability-based nationwide child restraint use survey in the United States that observes restraint use and interviews an adult occupant to collect race, ethnicity, and other data. NHTSA’s National Center for Statistics and Analysis conducts the NSUBS. The 2013 NSUBS found that 46 percent of 4- to 7-year-old children were restrained in booster seats in 2013 as compared to 47 percent in 2011. Restraint use for all children under 13 remained the same at 91 percent in 2013.
- NHTSA/NCSA Report “Passenger Vehicle Occupant Fatalities: The Decline for Six Years in a Row from 2005 to 2011” (DOT HS 812 034), For six years in a row, the overall number of motor vehicle fatalities in the United States declined, from 43,510 in 2005 to 32,367 in 2011, a drop of 26 percent. During this time period, the number of passenger car (PC) occupant fatalities declined every year, from 18,512 in 2005 to 11,981 in 2011, a drop of 35 percent, and the number of light truck/van (LTV) occupant fatalities declined every year, from 13,037 in 2005 to 9,272 in 2011, a drop of 29 percent. This report examines data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System. Passenger vehicles (PVs) consist of PCs and LTVs.
- NHTSA/NCSA 2012 Traffic Safety Fact Sheet “State Traffic Data” (DOT HS 812 033), In 2012, there were 33,561 fatalities in the United States. Traffic fatalities increased by over 3 percent from 2011 to 2012 for the Nation as a whole. This fact sheet presents data for each State, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Thirty-seven States showed increases in fatalities from 2011 to 2012, ranging from less than 1 percent to as much as 44 percent.
- NHTSA/NCSA Technical Report “Evaluation of FMVSS No. 301, Fuel System Integrity, as Upgraded in 2005 to 2009” (DOT HS 812 038), NHTSA issued a final rule to upgrade FMVSS No. 301, Fuel System Integrity, on December 1, 2003, to amend the prior standards in rear and side impacts. By increasing the impact speeds and using a moving deformable barrier, the amended test conditions are more comparable with real-world crashes than the prior standards. The rear impact upgrade phased in during model years 2007 to 2009, whereas the new side impact test went into effect in model year 2005.
- NCSA Research Note “The Effect of ESC on Passenger Vehicle Rollover Fatality Trends” (DOT HS 812 031), Electronic stability control (ESC) is highly effective at preventing certain types of crashes, including rollovers that result from loss of vehicle control. Although crash data does not show a significant decrease in the overall rate of rollover fatalities relative to all other traffic fatali¬ties over the last several years, when analysis is restricted to newer vehicles and to the types of rollovers that ESC is designed to prevent, there is an obvious decline that is likely to be partially due to the effects of ESC.
- Find All NCSA Studies, Reports & Publications in CATS, Our Customer Automated Tracking System (CATS) is where you will find: • Traffic Safety Fact Sheets • FARS/GES Reports • Research Notes and Crash*Stats • Technical Reports • Annual Assessments • Documentation and Manuals for FARS, GES, and NASS-CDS. Customers may also leave a customized data request if you are unable to find what you are looking for.
National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA)
NCSA, an office of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, is responsible for providing a wide range of analytical and statistical support to NHTSA and the highway safety community at large.
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