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Computer modeling of human tissue could be traced back to 1950s. However, the knowledge of material characteristics and tolerance of human tissue necessary to build and utilize high fidelity human models was lacking up until recently. Stable mathematical codes capable of simulating high energy impacts, such as those occurring in car crashes, also experienced major advances in recent years allowing for simulation of not only the complex kinematics of human body during the crash event, but also predict the onset and severity of potential injury.

NHTSA is one of the sponsors of GHBMC, Global Human Body Models Consortium.

GHBMC is a consortium of seven auto makers and one supplier created to consolidate individual research and development activities in human body modeling into a single global effort to advance crash safety technology.


U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
1-800-424-9153 (TTY)