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Recent Publications:

Publications:

  • MacLaughlin, T.F., Saul, R.A., and Daniel, S.; Causes and Measurement of Vehicle Aggressiveness in Frontal Collisions, Twenty-fourth Stapp Car Crash Conference, SAE Paper No. 801316, Troy, Michigan, October 15 - 17, 1980.
  • MacLaughlin, T.F., Saul, R.A., and Morgan, R.M.; Vehicle Crashworthiness and Aggressiveness, VRTC Projects SRL-8 and SRL-9 Final Report, DOT HS 805 712 and DOT HS 805 713, January 1981.
  • Saul, R.A., MacLaughlin, T.F., Ragland, C.L., Cohen, D.; Experimental Investigation of Crash Barriers for Measuring Vehicle Aggressiveness - Fixed Rigid Barrier Initial Results, SAE International Congress and Exposition, SAE Paper No. 810093, February 23 - 27, 1981.
  • MacLaughlin, T.F. and Saul, R.A.; Analysis of 35 mph Barrier Crash Test Data, Ninth International Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles, November 1982.
  • Saul, R.A.; Frontal Impact Component Test Evaluation of Current Anthropomorphic Test Device Technology, Ninth International Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles, November 1982.
  • MacLaughlin, T.F., Saul, R.A., Chou, P., and Guenther, D.A.; Determination of Crashworthiness in Full Frontal Car/Car Collisions by Fixed Rigid Barrier Testing, SAE International Congress and Exposition, SAE Paper No. 830611, February 28 - March 4, 1983.
  • Saul, R.A., Sullivan, L.K., Morgan, R.M., and Marcus, J.H.; Comparison of Current Anthropomorphic Test Devices in a Three - Point Belt Restraint System, Twenty-seventh Stapp Car Crash Conference, SAE Paper No. 831636, October 17 - 19, 1983, Selected for 1983 SAE Transactions.
  • Enouen, S., Guenther, D.A., Saul, R.A., and MacLaughlin, T.F.; Comparison of Models Simulating Occupant Response with Airbags, SAE International Congress and Exposition, SAE Paper No. 840451, February 27 - March 2, 1984.
  • Saul, R.A.; State of the Art Dummy Selection, VRTC Project SRL-29 Final Report, DOT HS 806-722 and DOT HS 806 723, December 1984.
  • Saul, R.A.; Repeatability Program Dummy Variability Analysis, VRTC Project SRL-82 Final Report, DOT HS 806 781, May 1985.
  • Saul, R.A.; Component Head Test Accident Reconstruction Feasibility Analysis, VRTC Project SRL-73 Final Report, DOT HS 807-000, June 1986.
  • Saul, R.A.; "Frontal Crash Responses: Part 572 versus Hybrid III Dummy Response Evaluation," VRTC Project Final Report SRL-98-1, DOT HS 807 048, July 1986.
  • Saul, R.A.; "Frontal Crash Responses: Steering Column and Intrusion Analysis," VRTC Project Final Report SRL-98-2, DOT HS 807 026, July 1986.
  • Saul, R.A., Farson, M., Guenther, D.A.; "Development of a Component Level Head Impact Test Device," Thirtieth Stapp Car Crash Conference, SAE Paper No. 861889, October 27 - 29, 1986.
  • Saul, R.A.; GM/NHTSA Hybrid III Round Robin Data Analysis, MVSS 208 Public Docket.
  • Saul, R.A.; Hybrid III GSE Neck Transducer Evaluation, MVSS 208 Public Docket.
  • Saul, R.A.; Hybrid III Neck Extension Injury Criteria Evaluation, MVSS 208 Public Docket.
  • Saul, R.A.; 1986 VW Golf 30o Barrier Crash Test Passive Restraint Results of Part 572 and Hybrid III Dummies, VRTC Project VRTC-86-0027, March 1986.
  • Saul, R.A.; "Steering Column Intrusion - Restrained and Unrestrained Occupant Effects," Eleventh International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles, May 12-15, 1987.
  • Digges, K., Eppinger, R., Hackney, J., Morgan, R., Stucki, L., Saul, R.; "Evaluation of Devices to Measure the Injury Mitigation Properties of Steering Systems," 1987 International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impacts, Birmingham, England, September 8 - 10, 1987.
  • Saul, R.A.; "Evaluation of the Eurosid Dummy and Comparison with the U.S. SID," VRTC Final Report No. VRTC-87-0037-1, DOT HS 807 219, September 1987.
  • Zuby, D. and Saul, R.; "Restrained Driver's Facial Skeleton Injuries Resulting from Steering Assembly Contact: A Conspectus," Twelfth International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles, May 29 - June 1, 1989.
  • Ore, L. and Saul, R.; "Composite Rib Development," Final Report VRTC-80084, DOT HS 808 021, March 1993.
  • Saul, R.A.; "An Overview of the Mean Strain Criterion Development," VRTC Report No. 880107-01, July 1991.
  • Saul, R., Tanner, B., Zuby, D.; "Hybrid III Neck Instrumentation Measurement Requirements," VRTC Final Report 860034, October 1991.
  • Zuby, D.S. and Saul, R.A.; "Development of a Facial Injury Test Procedure," Final Report VRTC-86-0033, DOT HS 807 854, December 1991.
  • Saul, R.A. and Zuby, D.S.; "Analysis of Hybrid III Lower Leg Instrumentation and An Associated Injury Criterion," Final Report VRTC-86-0034, DOT HS 807 779, April 1992.
  • Saul, R.A.; "Development of a Methodology for Prediction of Liver Injury due to Side Impact Loading in Motor Vehicle Accidents," Ph.D. Dissertation, The Ohio State University, March 1996.
  • Klinich, K.D., Saul, R.A., Kleinberger, M., Backaitis, S.H., August, G.; "Techniques for Developing Child Dummy Protection Reference Values," Docket No. 74-14 N97 Item 069, October 1996.
  • Saul, R.A., Backaitis, S.H., Beebe, M.S., and Ore, L.S.; "Hybrid III Instrumentation and Assessment of Arm Injuries During Air Bag Deployment," SAE Paper No. 962417, Fortieth Stapp Car Crash Conference, November 4-6, 1996.
  • Johnston, K.L., Klinich, K.D., Rhule, D.A., Saul, R.A.; "Assessing Arm Injury Potential from Deploying Air Bags," SAE Paper No. 970400, Publication AP-1231, 1997.
  • Pintar, F., Yoganandan, N., Maltese, M., Hines, M., McFadden, J., Saul, R., Eppinger, R., Khaewpong, N., Kleinberger, M.; "Chest Band Analysis of Human Tolerance to Side Impact," SAE Paper No. 973320, Forty-first Stapp Car Crash Conference, November 13-14, 1997.
  • Marous, J.R., Reynolds, D.B., Longhitano, D.C., Saul, R.A., "Development of a Non-frangible Pedestrian Legform Impactor," Sixteenth International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Paper No. 98-S10-O-06, June 1-4, 1998.
  • Saul, R., McKendrew, C., Litsky, A., Hines, M.; "Assessment of Forearm Injury Due to a Deploying Driver-Side Air Bag," Sixteenth International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Paper No. 98-S5-O-09, June 1-4, 1998.
  • Jarrett, K.L., Reynolds, D.B., Saul, R.A.; "Pedestrian Injury -- Analysis of the PCDS Field Collision Data," Sixteenth International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Paper No. 98-S6-O-04, June 1-4, 1998.
  • Saul, R. A., Pritz, H. B., McFadden, J., Backaitis, S. H., Hallenbeck, H., and Rhule, D.; Description and Performance of the Hybrid III 3 Year Old, 6 Year Old, and Small Female Test Dummies in Restraint System and Out-Of-Position Air Bag Environments", Sixteenth International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (Paper No. 98-S7-O-01)
  • Hagedorn, A., Monk, M., Pritz, H., And Saul, R., "NHTSA's New Crash Test Dummy Family," Abstract, Annals of Emergency Medicine, June, 1999.
  • Hagedorn, A.V. and Pritz, H.B., " Evaluation of the CRABI 12-Month-Old Infant Dummy and Its Comparison With the TNO P3/4," NHTSA Docket #99-5156, February, 1999.
  • Hagedorn, A., Pritz, H.B., and Beebe, M.S.,"Design and Development of an Advanced Lower Extremity: ALEX II," presented by A. Hagedorn at the Sixteenth International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Windsor, Canada, 1998.
  • Hagedorn, A.V., Therrien, D., Pritz, H., and Saul,"Development of the Cervical Omni-Directional Bending Response Apparatus (COBRA)" poster presentation and technical paper prepared by A. Hagedorn for the International Research Conference on the Biomechanics of Impacts (IRCOBI), Hannover, Germany, Sept., 1997.
  • Hagedorn, A.V. and Pritz, H.B.,"Development of an Advanced Dummy Leg: ALEX", International Conference on Pelvic and Lower Extremity Injuries Proceedings, Washington, DC, 1995.
  • Hagedorn, A.V. and Burton, R.W.,"Evaluation of Chest Band Responses in a Dynamic Test Environment," presented by A. Hagedorn at the 22nd Annual International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, October, 1994.
  • Haffner, M., Kleinberger, M., Eppinger, R., Pritz, H., Hagedorn, A., Klinich, K., Ore, L., Tanner, B., and Kuppa, S.,"Progress in the Development of New Frontal Dummy Components for the NHTSA Advanced Frontal Protection Program," Experimental Safety Vehicles International Conference, 1994.
  • Hagedorn, A. V., A Mathematical Model for the Hybrid III Dummy Chest "Flesh", Master of Science in Engineering Thesis. Wright State University, 1993.
  • Hagedorn, A.V., Haffner, M.P., and Schneider, L.W.,"Performance of an Advanced ATD Thorax System in Frontal Crash Environments," presented by A. Hagedorn at the International Research Conference on the Biomechanics of Impacts (IRCOBI), Verona, Italy, Sept., 1992.
  • Hagedorn, A.V., Eppinger, R.H., Morgan, R.M., Pritz, H.B., and Khaewpong, N., "Application of a Deformation Measurement System to Biomechanical Systems," presented by A. Hagedorn at the IRCOBI Conference, Berlin, Germany, Sept., 1991.
  • Hagedorn, A.V. and Pritz, H.B., "Evaluation of a Chest Deflection Measurement Band," Report DOT HS 807 838, U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, July, 1991.
  • Hagedorn, A. V. and Pritz, H. B., "An Evaluation of the Chest Deflection Measurement Band", NHTSA Final Report VRTC-80-0160, July, 1991.
  • Hagedorn, A. V., Pritz, H. B., and MacLaughlin, T. F., "Preliminary Evaluation of the CDC 95th Percentile Male Dummy", NHTSA Event Report, Jan., 1991.
  • Hagedorn, A. V., "VRTC Processing Program For Chest Band Data, A User's Guide", Internal VRTC report, July, 1990, rev. October, 1991.
  • Hagedorn, A. V., "Omni-Directional Neck Development Status Report", Internal VRTC report, Feb., 1990.
  • Backaitis, S., Hallenbeck, H., McFadden, J.D., Pritz, H., Saul, R.A., Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM): NHTSA Docket # 1999-5032-1.
  • Backaitis, S., Hallenbeck, H., Technical Report: Development and Evaluation of the Hybrid III Three-Year-Old Child Crash Test Dummy. NHTSA Docket #1999-5032-2.
  • Welty, K., McFadden, J.D., Saul, R.A., User's Manual for the Hybrid III 6-year old Child Dummy
  • Rangarajan, N., White,R., Shams, T., Beach, D. Fullerton, J., Haffner, M., Eppinger, R., Pritz, H., Rhule, D., Dalmotas, D., Fournier, E. Design Criteria, Design, and Performance of the THOR Advanced Frontal Crash Test Dummy Thorax and Abdomen Assemblies. ESV Conference Paper #98-S9-0-12. POSTER PRESENTATIONS:
  • Hines, M.H., Saul, R.A., Baker, P.; "The Atavistic Liver: Another Piece of the Puzzle?" American and British Associations of Clinical Anatomists, 1995.
  • Hagedorn, A.V., Therrien, D., Pritz, H.B., Saul, R.A.; "Development of the Cervical Omni- Directional Bending Response Apparatus (COBRA)," Poster Session, 1997 International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impacts, Hannover, Germany, September 24 - 26, 1997.

Poster Publications:

  • Hines, M.H., Saul, R.A., Baker, P.; "The Atavistic Liver: Another Piece of the Puzzle?" American and British Associations of Clinical Anatomists, 1995.
  • Hagedorn, A.V., Therrien, D., Pritz, H.B., Saul, R.A.; "Development of the Cervical Omni-Directional Bending Response Apparatus (COBRA)," Poster Session, 1997 International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impacts, Hannover, Germany, September 24 - 26, 1997.