the facts - bucklle up america

References

  1. Computed from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) 2003, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

  2. Williams, Alan F. Teenage Passengers in Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Summary of Current Research. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, December 2001.

  3. Hedlund, J. and Compton, R. Graduated Driver Licensing Research in 2003 and Beyond. Journal of Safety Research (35) 5-11, 2004.

  4. Glassbrenner, D. Safety Belt Use in 2003, Demographic Characteristics, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT 809 729, May 2004.

  5. Subramanian, R. Motor Vehicle Traffic Crashes as a Leading Cause of Death in the United States, 2001. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT 809 695, December 2003.

  6. Traffic Safety Facts 2003, A Compilation of Motor Vehicle Crash Data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the General Estimates System, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. DOT HS 809 775, Table 84, January 2005.

  7. Computed from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) 2003, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

  8. Traffic Safety Facts 2003, A Compilation of Motor Vehicle Crash Data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the General Estimates System, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. DOT HS 809 775, Table 56, January 2005.

  9. Computed from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) 2003, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

  10. Traffic Safety Facts 2003. Young Drivers. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. DOT HS 809 774.

  11. Computed from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) 2003, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

  12. ibid

  13. 2003 Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey, Volume 2-Safety Belt Report. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT HS 809 789, September 2004.

  14. Baker, S.P., Braver, E.R., Chen, L., Pantula, J.F., and Massie, DL. Motor Vehicle Occupant Deaths Among Hispanic and Black Children and Teenagers. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 152:1209-12, 1998.

  15. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Estimate, Office of Planning and Financial Management, 2004.

  16. Traffic Safety Facts 2003-Overview, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT HS 809 767.

  17. Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Fatality and Injury Estimates for 2000, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, November 2001.

  18. Traffic Safety Facts 2003, A Compilation of Motor Vehicle Crash Data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the General Estimates System, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. DOT HS 809 775, January 2005.

  19. 2003 Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey, Volume 2-Safety Belt Report. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT HS 809 789, September 2004.

  20. Glassbrenner, D. Safety Belt Use in 2004-Overall Results. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT HS 809 783, September 2004.

  21. 2003 Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey, Volume 2-Safety Belt Report. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT HS 809 789, September 2004.

  22. McCarett, A.T., and Shabanova, V.I. Teenage Seat Belt Use: White Paper Update. Prepared for The National Safety Council's Air Bag & Seat Belt Safety Campaign, April 2004.

  23. Jonah, B.A., Dawson, N.E., and Smith, G.A. (1982). Effects of a Selective Traffic Enforcement Program on Safety Belt Usage. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67, 89-96.

  24. Williams, A.F., Lund, A.K., Preusser, D.F., Blomberg, R.D. Results of a Set Safety Belt Use Law Enforcement and Publicity Campaign in Elmira, New York. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 19, 243-249, 1987.

  25. Solomon, M.G., Nissen, W.J., and Preusser, D.F. Occupant Protection Special Traffic Enforcement Program Evaluation (Final Report). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT HS 808 884, 1999.

  26. Williams, A.F., Wells, J.K., McCartt, A.T., Preusser, D.F. “Buckle Up NOW!” An Enforcement Program to Achieve High Safety Belt Use. Journal of Safety Research, 31, 195-201, 2000.

  27. Solomon, M.G., Chaudhary, N.K., and Cosgrove, L.A. May 2003 Click It or Ticket Safety Belt Mobilization Evaluation. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Technical Report, 2003.

  28. ibid

  29. Goodwin, A.H. and Foss, R.D. Graduated Driver License Restrictions: Awareness, Compliance, and Enforcement in North Carolina. University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, Chapel Hill, NC, for the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, December 2003.

Note: The majority of data in this fact sheet is from 2003, which was the latest year available when it went to press.

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