SCHULMAN, RONCA AND BUCUVALAS, INC. STUDY NUMBER 6801
145 East 32nd Street FINAL
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10016 OMB No. 2127-0587
(301)608-3883 Expiration: 1/31/2000

VERSION 1: SPEEDING QUESTIONAIRE

Sample Point Number: ___________ Questionnaire No.____________
Interviewer:_______________________________ Date: ________________
Telephone Number: ________________________________________________

SAMPLE READ-IN

4. STATE CODE
5. COUNTY (FIPS) CODE
7. MET/NON-MET
9. NHTSA REGION

INTRODUCTION TO BE ADMINISTERED TO ANY ADULT HOUSEHOLD MEMBER:

Hello, my name is ( ). I'm calling for the U.S. Department of Transportation. We are conducting a study of Americans' attitudes about driving and current traffic laws. The interview is completely confidential.

A. First, how many persons age 16 and older live in this household, even if they are not at home right now?

_______ NUMBER OF ADULTS None.......00 (SCREEN OUT)

IF ONLY ONE, ASK TO SPEAK TO THAT PERSON. IF TWO OR MORE, SAY:

A1. How many of these persons age 16 and older drive a motor vehicle at least a few times a year?

_______ NUMBER OF DRIVERS None.....00 (SCREEN OUT)

IF ONLY ONE, ASK TO SPEAK TO THAT PERSON. IF TWO OR MORE, SAY:

B. In order to select just one person to interview, could I speak to the DRIVER in your household, age 16 and older, who (will have the next/who has had the most recent) birthday?

Respondent is that person ..................................1
Other respondent came to phone.........................2
Respondent is not available [arrange callback]......3

Hello, I'm __________________ from SRBI, the national research organization. We are conducting a study for the U.S. Department of Transportation about Americans' driving habits and concerns, and their attitudes about driving and current traffic laws. The interview is completely confidential. It takes fifteen to twenty minutes.

CQ40. Record Respondent's Gender [from observation]

Male..............................1
Female..........................2

Q1. How often do you usually drive a car or other motor vehicle? Would you say that you usually drive... [READ LIST]?

Almost every day..............1
A few days a week................2
A few days a month............3
A few times a year...............4
Never.........................5 SELECT ANOTHER RESPONDENT OR TERMINATE IF ONLY ONE ADULT IN HH
 

Q2. How many years have you been driving? _______YEARS DRIVING DK=98 REFUSED=99 Less than one year....00

Q4a. What kind of vehicle do you drive most often? Is it a car, van or minivan, motorcycle, pickup truck or something else?

Car...............................1
Van or minivan.........................2
Sport utility vehicle (VOL).......3
Pickup truck...........................4
Other truck.......................5
Motorcycle.............................6 SKIP TO Q8
Other (SPECIFY)______________.....7

Q4b. What model year is the (car/truck/van) that you drive most often? _______________

Q5a. When driving this (car/truck/van), how often do you wear a seat belt? Do you wear a seatbelt..... READ LIST?

All of the time...............1
Most of the time..................2
Some of the time..............3
Rarely............................4
Never.........................5

CONDITION: IF VERSION = A, ASK OTHER ADULTS. IF VERSION = B, ASK CHILDREN.

Q6. How often do you drive with (other adults/children) in your (car/van/truck)?

Almost every day..................1
Few days a week........................2
Few days a month..................3
Few days a year........................4
Never.............................5

CONDITIONAL: IF VERSION = A, ASK 54. IF VERSION = B, SKIP TO 10.

Q8. Which of the following statements best describes your driving?

READ STATEMENTS

Q8a. I tend to pass other cars more often than

Other cars pass me, OR...........................1
Other cars tend to pass me more often..................2
(VOL) Both or about equally....................3

Q8b. In heavy traffic I tend to:

Stay with the slower moving traffic OR.......1
Keep up with the faster traffic......................2
(VOL) Both or about equally................3

Q8c-Q9. DELETED

CONDITION: IF VERSION = B, ASK Q10. IF VERSION = A, SKIP TO Q11.

Q10. People have different feelings about driving. I'd like you to tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement about driving.

  1. Strongly Agree
  2. Somewhat Agree
  3. Somewhat Disagree
  4. Strongly Disagree

Q10a. I enjoy the feeling of speed

Q10b. The faster I drive, the more alert I am

Q10c. I often get impatient with slower drivers

Q10d. I try to get where I am going as fast as I can

Q10e. I worry a lot about having a crash

Q11. People feel differently about how safe or dangerous different types of driving behavior are. How safe do you feel it usually is to...(READ ITEM)?

  1. EXTREMELY SAFE
  2. SOMEWHAT SAFE
  3. NEITHER SAFE NOR DANGEROUS
  4. SOMEWHAT DANGEROUS
  5. EXTREMELYDANGEROUS

(For Version = A)

Q11a. Drive through a light that was already red before you entered an intersection

(For Version = A)

Q11b. Drive 10 miles an hour faster than most other vehicles are going

(For Version = B)

Q11c. Drive 20 miles an hour over the speed limit on an interstate highway

(For Version = A)

Q11d. Tailgate another vehicle on a highway with one lane in each direction

(For Version = B)

Q11e. Enter an intersection just as the light is turning from yellow to red

(For Version = A)

Q11f. Drive through a stop sign without slowing

(For Version = B)

Q11g. Slow but not completely stop at a stop sign

(For Version = B)

Q11h. Cut in front of another car in order to make a turn

(For Version = A)

Q11i. Race another driver

Q67. (Continued)

EXTREMELY SOMEWHAT NEITHER SAFE SOMEWHAT EXTREMELY

SAFE SAFE OR DANGEROUS DANGEROUS DANGEROUS

1 2 3 4 5

 

(For Version = A)

Q11j. Drive when just under the legal alcohol limit

(For Version = B)

Q11k. Use the shoulder to pass in heavy traffic

(For Version = B)

Q11kk. Make an angry, insulting or  obscene gesture or comment  toward another driver such that they hear or see it

(For Version = A)

Q11l. Cross railroad tracks when the red light is blinking

(For Version = B)

Q11m. Pass a vehicle in a no-passing zone

(For Version = A)

Q11n. Drive 10 miles an hour over the speed limit on an interstate highway

(For Version = A)

Q11o. Make a U-turn where a sign says not to

(For Version = B)

Q11p. Drive 20 miles an hour faster than most other vehicles are going

Q11pp-Q11uu ON VERSION 2 ONLY

Q12a. Now, thinking about the roads you normally drive on, would you say that the roads where you drive most often are in areas that are:

More urban than rural................1
More rural than urban................2
About the same [VOL]..............3

Q12b. Do you drive at least weekly on: MULTIPLE RECORD

Residential or neighborhood streets

(posted speed limits of 35 mph or less).........................1
Interstate highways........................................................2
Other types of roads with speed limits of 40-55 mph........3

(INTERVIEWER NOTE: IF NONE WEEKLY, ASK WHICH THEY DRIVE MOST OFTEN).

CQ95. DUMMY FOR ROAD TYPE SELECTION

Residential or neighborhood streets

(posted speed limits of 35 mph or less).........................1
Interstate highways........................................................2
Other types of roads with speed limits of 40-55 mph.......3
Interstate highways....................................................... 4
Other types of roads with speed limits of 40-55 mph........5

Q13. For the next series of questions, I'd like you to think about [residential or neighborhood streets/non-interstate roads/interstate highways] in an area where you normally drive.

How important are the following factors in selecting the speed at which you drive. How important is.. (READ ITEM)?

  1. Extremely Important
  2. Moderately Important
  3. Slightly Important
  4. Not Important

Q13aa. Speed of other traffic

Q13ab. Posted speed limit

Q13ac. Chances of being stopped by police

Q13ad. How much time you have to get to your destination

Q13ae. How much traffic there is

Q13af. Your past experience driving the road

Q13ag. Weather conditions

Q13ah1. Anything else (SPECIFY: 13ah2)

Q13ah3: How important is other

Q15. How often do you see vehicles traveling at an unsafe speed on (ROAD TYPE)?

All of the time............1
Most of the time.........2
Some of the time.......3
Rarely.......................4
Never.......................5

Q16. What do you consider to be the maximum safe speed for (ROAD TYPE)?

________ mph DK=98 REFUSED=99

Q17. Why do you consider speeds greater than (Q16) to be unsafe on (ROAD TYPE)? ____________________________________

CQ111. DROPPED

Q18. How often do you drive faster than (Q16) on that road?

Every day............................1
Almost every day.................2
Few days a week.................3
Few days a month................4
Few days a year...................5
(VOL) Never.........................6 SKIP TO Q34

Q19a. What are the most common reasons that you have driven on (ROAD TYPE) at speeds that you consider to be unsafe?

____________________________________

Q20. What times of day are you most likely to drive at an unsafe speed on that (ROAD TYPE)? READ LIST AND MULTIPLE RECORD

Midnight to 6am........1
6-9am.......................2
9am-3pm..................3
3-6pm.......................4
6-9pm.......................5
9pm to midnight.........6
(VOL) Never .............7

Q21.What is the posted speed on (ROAD TYPE)?   _______ MPH DK=98 REFUSED=99

IF Q21 LE Q16, SKIP TO Q28

Q22. Compared to someone driving at the speed limit on that road, how much more likely is someone traveling faster than (Q16) to have a crash?

Is it.....

A lot more likely.................1
Somewhat more likely.........2
Slightly more likely..............3
No more likely....................4
(VOL) Less likely.................5

Q28. How often do you see police when you are traveling on (ROAD TYPE)? Would you say...

Every day...............................1
Almost every day....................2
Several times a week..............3
Once or twice a week..............4
Once or twice a month.............5
A few times a year...................6
Never......................................7

Q30. In your opinion, how much OVER THE SPEED LIMIT can you go on this road before police will normally give you a speeding ticket (if they see you)?

______ MPH OVER POSTED LIMIT

None........00

Q32. When was the last time that you drove (Q30) mph over the speed limit on (ROAD TYPE)?

Today..............................1
Within the past week.........2
Within the past month........3
Within the past year..........4
Over a year ago...............5
Never..............................6 SKIP TO Q34

Q33. Why were you going that fast on that occasion? _____________________________

Q34. If the posted limits were INCREASED BY 10 MILES AN HOUR on (ROAD TYPE), do you think that you would normally drive......?

Much slower than the limit.................1
A little slower than the limit................2
Right at the limit................................3
A little faster than the limit, or.............4
Much faster than the limit...................5

Q35. If the posted limits for that road were INCREASED BY 10 MILES PER HOUR, do you think that it would make driving on the road.....?

Much safer..................................1
Somewhat safer...........................2
No different..................................3
Somewhat more dangerous..........4
Much more dangerous..................5

Q36. If the posted limits for that road were INCREASED BY 10 MILES PER HOUR, do you think that it would make driving on the road.......?

Much more comfortable for you..........1
Somewhat more comfortable..............2
No different........................................3
Somewhat less comfortable................4
Much less comfortable........................5

Q37. Aside from driving at an unsafe speed, what other types of unsafe driving behaviors do you normally encounter on that road?

DO NOT READ LIST. MULTIPLE RECORD.

Tailgating..............................1
Failing to yield.......................2
Weaving in and out................3
Drinking and driving...............4
Running red lights..................5
Ignoring stop signs................6
Driver inattention....................7
Other (SPECIFY)_____________________17
None.............................18 SKIP TO Q50a

CQ127. DUMMY FOR UNSAFE BEHAVIORS FROM CQ126

Q38-Q43 DELETED

CONDITION: IF VERSION = A, ASK Q136. IF VERSION = B, SKIP TO Q53a.

Q50a. In the last year, were you ever in a situation where you were riding with a friend who had too much to drink to drive safely?

Yes............1
No..............2 SKIP TO Q51a

Q50c. On those occasions, did the driver usually drive faster, slower or about the same as they normally would?

Faster.................1
Slower................2
About the same...3

Q51a. (Aside from what you have already told me) In the past year, have you ever ridden with someone who you felt was driving at an unsafe speed?

Yes..........1
No............2 SKIP TO Q52

Q51c. Thinking about the most recent occasion, was the person who was driving at an unsafe speed -- a man or a woman?

Man........................1
Woman...................2

Q51d. What was their relationship to you? READ LIST IF NECESSARY

Spouse...............................1
Boyfriend/girl friend..............2
Date....................................3
Parent..................................4
Boss/supervisor...................5
Co-worker............................6
Friend .................................7
Sibling.................................8
Other relative........................9

Q51d.1. Other (SPECIFY)______________________

Q51e. Besides the unsafe speed, did the driver engage in any other unsafe driving actions on that occasion?

Yes...........1
No.............2 SKIP TO Q51g

Q51f. What types of unsafe driving behaviors did (he/she) do?

RECORD ALL THAT APPLY

Speeding.................1
Tailgating..................2
Failing to yield...........3
Weaving in and out....4
Drinking and driving...5
Running red lights......6
Ignoring stop signs.....7

Q51f.1. Other (SPECIFY) _______________________.....8

Q51g. Did you ask or tell them to stop driving like that?

Yes...............1
No.................2 SKIP TO Q51j
Not sure.........3 SKIP TO Q51j

Q51h. Did they do what you asked?

Yes...............1 SKIP TO Q52
No.................2 SKIP TO Q52
Not sure.........3 SKIP TO Q52

Q51j. If you HAD asked them to drive differently, do you think they would have done what you asked?

Yes..............1
No................2
Not sure........3

VERSION 2: UNSAFE DRIVING = Q51aa-Q51jj

Q52. In general, do you think that speed limits on (READ ITEM) are too high,too low, or about right?

  1. TOO HIGH
  2. TOO LOW
  3. ABOUT RIGHT

Q52a. Interstate highways in rural areas

Q52b. Interstate highways in urban areas

Q52c. Residential or neighborhood streets

Q52d. Other non-interstate roads in rural areas

Q52e. Other non-interstate roads in urban areas

CONDITIONAL: IF VERSION = B, ASK Q53a. IF VERSION = A, SKIP TO Q54a.

Q53a. In your area, do you think that the amount of police enforcement ofSPEEDING LAWS on (READ ITEM) is too much, too little, or about right.

  1. TOO HIGH
  2. TOO LOW
  3. ABOUT RIGHT

Q53aa. Interstate highways in rural areas

Q53ab. Interstate highways in urban areas

Q53ac. Residential or neighborhood streets

Q53ad. Other non-interstate roads in rural areas

Q53ae. Other non-interstate roads in urban areas

Q54a. How often do you think police should ticket drivers WHO ARE GOING TEN MILES AN HOUR over the posted limit on a highway with traffic lights?

Always..................1
Most of the time.....2
Sometimes............3
Rarely...................4
Never...................5

Q55a. How often do you think police should ticket drivers WHO ARE GOING TWENTY MILES AN HOUR over the posted limit on a highway with traffic lights?

Always..................1
Most of the time.....2
Sometimes............3
Rarely...................4
Never...................5

CONDITION: IF VERSION = B, ASK Q58b. IF VERSION = A, SKIP TO Q63.

Q58b. Some areas have introduced automated enforcement devices which use cameras to identify vehicles that speed or run red lights. A traffic ticket is mailed to the owner of the vehicle along with information about the location, time, date, and type of infraction. If the driver or owner pays the fine, no further action is taken. If the ticket is contested, a photo of the offender's vehicle and license plates is presented in court. Have you ever heard of this kind of traffic enforcement that doesn't require police officers to stop and ticket traffic violators?

Have heard................1
Have not heard...........2

Q62b. If photo enforcement of driving laws was introduced in your community, how much effect do you think it would have on (READ ITEM) --- a lot, some, only a little or none at all?

  1. A LOT
  2. SOME
  3. LITTLE
  4. NONE

Q62ba. Cutting down speeding

Q63bb. Cutting down running stop signs and red lights

Q62bc. Getting dangerous drivers off the roads

Q62bd. Reducing crashes

Q59b. Do you think that it would be a good idea or a bad idea to use a photo enforcement system like this to identify vehicles which were...

ROTATE LIST

  1. GOOD
  2. BAD

Q59aa. Running red lights..........1 2

Q59ab. Speeding....................1 2

Q59ac. Not stopping at stop signs..1 2

Q59b. Why do you think it is a (good/bad/both good and bad) idea to use a photo enforcement system to identify vehicles committing these violations._________________________________

Q59c. Thinking about locations where photo enforcement might be used, would you find it very acceptable, somewhat acceptable, or not at all acceptable to use it (READ ITEM)?

  1. VERY ACCEPTABLE
  2. SOMEWHAT ACCEPTABLE
  3. NOT AT ALL ACCEPTABLE

Q59ca. Where it could be hazardous to the driver or officer to stop

Q59cb. Where stopping a vehicle could cause traffic congestion

Q59cc. Where an accident has occurred

Q59cd. In school zones

Q63. Thinking back over the past year, when was the most recent time that you (READ ITEM) -- today, within the past week, within the past month, more than a month ago, or not in the past year?

(For Version = A)

Q63a. Drove through a light that was already red before you entered an intersection

(For Version = A)

Q63b. Drove 10 miles an hour faster than most other vehicles were going

(For Version = B)

Q63c. Drove 20 miles an hour over the speed limit on an interstate highway

(For Version = A)

Q63d. Tailgated another vehicle on a highway with one lane in each direction

(For Version = B)

Q63e. Entered an intersection just as the light was turning from yellow to red

(For Version = A)

Q63f. Drove through a stop sign without slowing

(For Version = B)

Q63g. Slowed but didn't completely stop at a stop sign

Q63 (cont). Thinking back over the past year, when was the most recent time that you (READ ITEM) -- today, within the past week, within the past month, more than a month ago, or not in the past year?

(For Version = B)

Q63h. Cut in front of another car in order to make a turn

(For Version = A)

Q63i. Raced another driver

(For Version = A)

Q63j. Drove when affected by alcohol

(For Version = B)

Q63k. Used the shoulder to pass in heavy traffic

(For Version = B)

Q63kk.Made an angry, insulting or obscene gesture or comment toward another driver such that they heard or saw it

(For Version = A)

Q63l. Crossed railroad tracks when the red light was blinking

(For Version = B)

Q63m. Passed a vehicle in a no-passing zone

(For Version = A)

Q63n. Drove 10 miles an hour over the speed limit on an interstate highway

(For Version = A)

Q63o. Made a U-turn where a sign said not to

(For Version = B)

Q63p. Drove 20 miles an hour faster than most other vehicles were going

VERSION 2: UNSAFE DRIVING = Q63u-Q63t

CONDITIONAL: IF VERSION = A, ASK Q64a-Q64c. IF VERSION = B, SKIP TO Q86a.

Q64a. If you saw a vehicle pass a stopped school bus that has its red lights flashing and its stop arm in full view, how likely would you be to call and report it to the police?

Very likely...................1 SKIP TO Q64c
Somewhat likely...........2 SKIP TO Q64c
Somewhat unlikely........3
Very unlikely................4

Q64b. Why would you be unlikely to report it? _________________________________ SKIP TO Q86a

Q64c. How would you report it?

Have car phone...........................1
Have cell phone...........................2
Stop at payphone.........................3
Call when get to destination...........4
Other (specify)..............................5

Q86a. You may be aware that the National Maximum Speed Limit law was repealed. Have the speed limits on interstates affected by that law been increased in your state in any areas in which you drive?

Yes.................1
No...................2 SKIP TO Q87a
Not sure...........3 SKIP TO Q87a

Q86c. How have the higher limits on those roads affected the number of people who speed? Do.....?

A lot more drivers obey the new limits........1
Some more drivers....................................2
Only a few more drivers, or........................3
About the same amount as the old limit.......4
(VOL) Fewer now obey new limits...............5

Q86d. Do you think that driving on those roads is...

Safer now with the higher speed limits.......1
About as safe, or......................................2
Less safe than with the old limits................3

Q87a. Do you think that a uniform speed limit should be set for all interstate highways or should it be allowed to vary from state to state?

Uniform limit......................1
Allowed to vary.................2 SKIP TO Q242

Q87b. What do you think that speed limit should be for interstate highways?_____________ SPEED LIMIT DK=98 REFUSED=99

PUBLIC EDUCATION EFFORTS

Q102a. In your opinion, how much is SPEEDING by other people a threat to the personal safety of you and your family? Would you say driving at an unsafe speed is...

A major threat.................1
A minor threat.................2
Not a threat.....................3
Not sure (VOL)................4

Q103a. How important is it that something be done to reduce speeding?  Is it... [READ LIST]?

Very important...............1
Somewhat important.......2
Not important.................3
Not sure (VOL)..............4

VERSION 2: UNSAFE DRIVING = Q102b-Q103b

Q104a. How EFFECTIVE do you think the following steps would be in reducing speeding?

Would (READ ITEM) be (READ RESPONSE CATEGORIES)in reducing speeding.

  1. VERY EFFECTIVE
  2. SOMEWHAT EFFECTIVE
  3. NEITHER EFFECTIVE OR INEFFECTIVE
  4. SOMEWHAT INEFFECTIVE
  5. VERY INEFFECTIVE

(For Version = A)

Q104aa. More police officers assigned to traffic

(For Version = B)

Q104ab. More frequent ticketing

(For Version = A)

Q104ac. Double or triple fines for speeding violations

(For Version = B)

Q104ad. Taking away driver's licenses more often

(For Version = A)

Q104ae. Encouraging passengers to say something when their driver is speeding

(For Version = A)

Q104af. Increasing public awareness of the risks of speeding

(For Version = B)

Q104ag. Encouraging citizens to report speeding to police

(For Version = B)

Q104ah. Road design changes, like speed bumps and traffic circles, to slow down traffic

(For Version = A)

Q104ai. Insurance costs were increased for speeding

Q105a. How would you feel about implementing the following methods in your community to reduce speeding? Would you strongly approve, somewhat approve, neither approve nor disapprove, somewhat disapprove, or strongly disapprove (READ ITEM)?

  1. Strongly Approve
  2. Somewhat Approve
  3. Neither Disapprove Or Approve
  4. Somewhat Disapprove
  5. Strongly Disapprove

(For Version = A)

Q105aa. More police officers assigned to traffic

(For Version = B)

Q105ab. More frequent ticketing

(For Version = A)

Q105ac. Double or triple fines for speeding violations

(For Version = B)

Q105ad. Taking away driver's licenses more often

(For Version = A)

Q105ae. Encouraging passengers to try to get drivers not to speed

(For Version = A)

Q105af. Increasing public awareness of the risks of speeding

(For Version = B)

Q105ag. Encouraging citizens to report speeding to police

(For Version = B)

Q105ah. Road design changes, like speed bumps and traffic circles, to slow down traffic

(For Version = A)

Q105ai. Insurance costs were increased for speeding

Q107a. During the past year, have you seen or heard any public service announcement about speeding?

Yes..........................1
No.................................2 SKIP TO Q108b
(VOL) Don't know...........3 SKIP TO Q108b

Q107b. Do you recall the slogan or anything else about the announcement? DO NOT READ. MULTIPLE RECORD.

Speed shatters life..........1
Don't be a dummy..................2
Q107b.1. Other (SPECIFY)_____________________
No, don't recall..............14

Q108b. When you hear/see something about speeding on radio, television or the newspapers, how much effect does it have on your driving?

Does it have a...(READ LIST).
Lot of effect..................1
Some effect.........................2
Little effect..................3
No real effect......................4

SPEED-RELATED FATAL CRASHES

Q109d. Do you think that alcohol is a major factor, minor factor, or not a factor in speed-related crashes?

Major factor.................................1
Minor factor.............................2
Not a factor in speed-related crashes........3

Q109i. What percent of ALL fatal crashes do you think involve speeding?

[HOW MANY OUT OF EVERY 100] ___________ % DK=101 REFUSED=102

CONDITION: IF VERSION = A, ASK Q112-Q114. IF VERSION = B, SKIP TO Q115a.

Q112. Compared to a year ago, would you say that you generally drive.....

A lot faster.......................1
Somewhat faster..............2
About the same...............3 SKIP TO Q115a
Somewhat slower............4
Much slower now.............5

Q114. Why do you drive (slower/faster) now? ___________________________

Q115a. Compared to a year ago, do you feel that driving is......

A lot more dangerous...............1
Somewhat more dangerous.......2
About the same.........................3 SKIP TO Q99a
Somewhat safer.................... ....4
A lot safer now...........................5

Q115b. Why is that? ______________________________

CRASH EXPERIENCE

Q99a. Have YOU been in a vehicle crash in the past five years?

Yes..................................1
No....................................2 SKIP TO Q97a
(VOL) Don't know..............3 SKIP TO Q97a
(VOL) Refused..................4 SKIP TO Q97a

Q99b. How many times has this happened to you (in the past five years)? ____________________ DON'T KNOW=98 REFUSED=99

Q99c. How long ago did that (most recent) crash occur?

Today.............................1
Within the past week........2
Within the past month.......3
Within the past year.........4
Over a year ago...............5
Never..............................6 SKIP TO Q97a

Q99d. Were you driving or was someone else driving?

Respondent driving.............1
Someone else.....................2

Q99dd. Was anyone injured in that crash (only count injuries that required attention? [PROBE FOR RESPONDENT, OTHER PERSON, OR BOTH]

Respondent injured..................................1
Someone else injured...............................2
Both respondent and other person injured...3
No one injured............................................4

Q99e. Was the driver of your vehicle or the other vehicle cited for speeding in that crash?

Your car.................1
Other car.................2
Both........................3
Neither....................4

Q99f. Were any other unsafe driving actions a major factor, a minor factor or not a factor in that crash?

Major factor..........................1
Minor factor..........................2
Not a factor in that crash........3 SKIP TO Q97a

Q99f1. Was the unsafe driving by the driver of your vehicle, driver of the other vehicle, or both?

Driver of your vehicle................1
Driver of the other vehicle..........2
Both..........................................3

CONDITION: IF VERSION = A, ASK Q97a. IF VERSION = B, SKIP TO Q98.

Q97a. In the past twelve months, have you been STOPPED by the police for any traffic-related reason?

Yes..............................1
No....................................2 SKIP TO Q98
(VOL) Don't know................3 SKIP TO Q98
(VOL) Refused.......................4 SKIP TO Q98

Q97b. How many times have you been stopped by the police in the past twelve months (for a traffic related reason)? _________ NUMBER OF TIMES DK=98 REFUSED=99

Q97c. What were you stopped for? CODE ALL THAT APPLY

Drinking and driving...........1
Speeding...........................2
Stop signal....................3
Stop sign..........................4
Q97c.1. Other (SPECIFY) ________________________..15

Q97d. Did you receive a ticket or warning (on any of those occasion)?

Yes, ticket.................1
Yes, warning....................2
Yes, both...................3
Neither.........................4

Q97e. Did you change your driving behavior as a result of receiving the ticket?

Yes.........................1
No..............................2 SKIP TO Q98

Q97f. For about how long a period of time did you change your driving behavior as a result of receiving that ticket? [DO NOT READ LIST]

Days..........1 CQ346. _______
Weeks............2 CQ347. _______
Months........3 CQ348. _______
Years............4 CQ349. _______

Q98. Within the past 5 years, have you (READ ITEM)?

  1. NO
  2. YES

Q98a. Gotten a ticket for speeding 1 2

Q98b. Gotten a warning for speeding 1 2

Q98c. Gotten a ticket for any other moving violation (such as running a red light or stop sign) 1 2

Q98d. Been convicted of DWI or DUI 1 2

Q98e. Had your car insurance canceled or premiums increased as a result of claims or points 1 2

CONDITIONAL: IF VERSION = A, SKIP TO D1. IF VERSION = B, ASK Q98i-Q99.

Q98i. What is the make and model of the vehicle that you drive most often (e.g., Toyota Camry)?

_____________________________

Q99. Do you have a radar detector in your vehicle?

Yes............1
No..............2

DEMOGRAPHICS

Now, a few last questions for statistical purposes...

D1. How old are you?

____ ____ age

Refused (VOL)............99

D2. Are you currently employed full time, part time, unemployed and looking for work, retired, going to school, homemaker, or something else? SINGLE RECORD

Employed full time....................1
Employed part time..........................2
Unemployed and looking for work.......3
Retired.....................................4
Going to school.......................5
Homemaker...................................6
Disabled (VOL)........................7
D2.1. Other (SPECIFY):_________.............8
Not sure (VOL).....................9
Refused (VOL)............................10

D3. What is highest grade or year of regular school you have completed?

[DO NOT READ]

No formal schooling...........1
First through 7th grade............2
8th grade.....................3
Some high school...................4
High school graduate..........5
Some college.......................6
Four-year college graduate....7
Some graduate school...............8
Graduate degree...............9
Refused (VOL)................10

D4. Are you currently married, divorced, separated, widowed, or single?

Married..........1
Divorced..............2
Separated........3
Widowed...............4
Single...........5

D5. Are you of Hispanic origin or descent?

Hispanic.................1
Not Hispanic..................2

D6. Which of these categories best describes your racial background?

[READ LIST]

White................................1
Black or African-American.................2
Asian or Pacific Islander............3
Eskimo, Aleutian or American Indian.......4
Mixed................................5
(VOL) Hispanic............................6
D6.1. (VOL) Other ___________________16
Not sure (VOL).........................17
Refused (VOL).....................18

D7. How many persons live in your household who are under 16 years old?

________ persons

None......................00

D8. Which of the following categories best describes your total household income before taxes in 1996? Your best estimate is fine. [READ LIST]

Less than $5,000...............1
$5,000 to $14,999..........2
$15,000 to $29,999.............3
$30,000 to $49,999.........4
$50,000 to $74,999.............5
$75,000 to $99,999.........6
$100,000 or more...............7
Not sure (VOL)..........8
Refused (VOL)...............9

D9. Let me just confirm that the number I reached you at was:

[READ NUMBER]

D10. Is this the only telephone number for this household?

Yes, this is the only number...........1
No, there is more than one number.........2

Thank you for your assistance. That completes our interview.