APPENDIX A2:

ENGLISH LANGUAGE
QUESTIONNAIRE

VERSION 2

SCHULMAN, RONCA AND BUCUVALAS, INC.
145 EAST 32ND STREET
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10016
STUDY NUMBER 7759
NOV. 06, 1998
OMB No. 2127-0596
Expiration Date:12/31/99
SURVEY ON OCCUPANT PROTECTION: 1998
VERSION 2

SAMPLE READ-IN

State: ____________ County: _____________________ Metro Status: _____

Date: ________________ CATI ID: ____________________

Interviewer:_________________________________________

Telephone Number: __________________________________________________________

Time Start: _____________ Time End: _____________ TOTAL TIME: ___________

____________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION

Hello, I'm _______________ calling for the U.S. Department of Transportation. We are conducting a national study of Americans' driving habits and their attitudes about current driving laws.

DUMMY QUESTION FOR BIRTHDAY QUESTIONS

IF SAMPLE TYPE EQ 1, ASK A, ELSE ASK B.

A.  In order to select just one person to interview, could I speak to the person in your household, 16 or older, who (has had the most recent/will have the next) birthday?

Respondent is the person.................1      SKIP TO Q.1
Other respondent comes to phone..............2    SKIP TO D
Respondent is not available..............3      ARRANGE CALLBACK

IF SAMPLE TYPE EQ 2 ASK B

B.  Is there anyone aged 16 to 39 years old living in your household?

Yes..................1
No........................2    THANK AND SCREEN OUT

C.  Could I speak to the person aged 16 to 39 years old living in your household who (has had the most recent/will have the next) birthday?

Respondent is the person...............1
Other respondent comes to phone............2
Respondent not available...............3     ARRANGE CALLBACK

D.  Hello, I'm __________________ calling for the U.S. Department of Transportation. We are conducting a national study of Americans' driving habits and their attitudes about current driving laws. The interview is completely confidential. It takes fifteen to twenty minutes. Could we begin now?

Q.1  How often do you drive a motor vehicle? Almost every day, a few days a week, a few days a month, a few days a year, or do you never drive?

Almost every day.............1
Few days a week..................2
Few days a month.............3
Few days a year..................4
Never........................5      SKIP TO Q.12B
Other............................6
___________________________

Q.2  Is the vehicle you drive most often a car, van, motorcycle, sport utility vehicle, pickup truck, or other type of truck? (NOTE: IF RESPONDENT DRIVES MORE THAN ONE VEHICLE OFTEN, ASK:) "What kind of vehicle did you LAST drive?"

Car...................................................1
Van or minivan............................................2
Motorcycle............................................3    SKIP TO Q.12B
Pickup truck..............................................4
Sport utility vehicle (Jeep/Explorer/Trooper/etc).....5
Other (SPECIFY _____________________________________......10
Other truck (SPECIFY).................................11
______________________________________________________

INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTION: SEATBELT QUESTIONS REFER TO DRIVER SIDE SEATBELTS.

Q.3  For the next series of questions, please answer only for the (car/truck/van) you said you usually drive. Do the seat belts in the front seat of the (car/truck/van) go across your shoulder only, across your lap only, or across both your shoulder and lap?

Across shoulder......................1      SKIP TO Q.6
Across lap................................2    SKIP TO Q.9
Across both..........................3
Vehicle has no belts......................4    SKIP TO Q.12B

Q.4  Are the shoulder and lap belt one piece or are they two separate belts?

One piece..........................1      SKIP TO Q.6
Two separate belts.......................2

Q.5  Are both the shoulder and lap belt automatic, is only the shoulder belt automatic or is neither the shoulder or lap belt automatic?

Both are automatic......................1         SKIP TO Q.7
Only shoulder is automatic....................2        SKIP TO Q.7
Neither are automatic...................3          SKIP TO Q.8

Q.6  Is the shoulder belt automatic or do you have to fasten it?

Automatic.....................1
Manual..............................2      SKIP TO Q.8

Q.7  When you drive, do you always wear your automatic belt or is it ever disconnected, disabled, or placed behind you?

Always wear it....................1
Disconnected............................2
Disabled..........................3
Placed behind me........................4

IF Q3=1 OR 3 ASK Q8, ELSE SKIP TO Q9

Q.8  When driving this (car/truck/van) how often do you wear your shoulder belt... (READ LIST)

ALL OF THE TIME.........1
MOST OF THE TIME.............2 < BR> SOME OF THE TIME........3
RARELY OR....................4
NEVER...................5

IF Q.3=2 OR 3 ASK Q.9, ELSE SKIP TO Q.10a

Q.9  When driving this (car/truck/van), how often do you wear your lap belt...(READ LIST)

ALL OF THE TIME..........1
MOST OF THE TIME.............2
SOME OF THE TIME.........3
RARELY OR....................4
NEVER....................5

IF Q.8=1-4 OR Q.9=1-4 ASK Q.10a, ELSE SKIP TO Q.12B

Q.10a   When was the last time you did NOT wear your seat belt (neither lap nor shoulder belt) when driving?

Today................1
Within past week...........2
Within past month....3
Within past 12 months......4
A year or more ago/
I always wear it...5

Q11 and 12a MOVED TO DEMOGRAPHICS

Q.12b To ask the next series of questions, I need to know how many children AGE 15 OR YOUNGER are living in your household at least half of the time or consider it their primary residence?

________ NONE=0    REFUSED=99

IF ONE OR MORE IN Q.12b, ASK Q.13a, ELSE GO TO Q.17
NOTE: TWINS (TRIPLETS, ETC.) MUST EACH BE ENTERED SEPARATELY, YOUNGEST FIRST

Q.13a  What is the age of the YOUNGEST CHILD (15 or younger) living in the household? (ENTER TO THE NEAREST YEAR)

Newborn/less
Than 1 year old.....1
1 year old.................2
2 year old...........3
3 year old.................4
4 year old...........5
5 year old.................6
6 year old...........7
7 year old.................8
8 year old...........9
9 year old.................10
10 year old..........11
11 year old................12
12 year old..........13
13 year old................14
14 year old..........15
15 year old................16

Q.13b  Is the (AGE) a boy or a girl?

Boy..................1
Girl......................2

Q.13c  How is the (AGE) related to you?

Child/Stepchild................1
Grandchild...........................2
Sibling (brother/sister).......3
Other relative.......................4
Not related....................5

IF MORE THAN ONE IN Q.12b, ASK Q.14a, ELSE GO TO Q.17

Q.14a  What is the age of the NEXT OLDEST CHILD (15 or younger) living in the household? (ENTER TO THE NEAREST YEAR)

Less than 1 year.....1
1 year old.................2
2 year old...........3
3 year old.................4
4 year old...........5
5 year old.................6
6 year old...........7
7 year old.................8
8 year old...........9
9 year old.................10
10 year old..........11
11 year old................12
12 year old..........13
13 year old................14
14 year old..........15
15 year old................16

Q.14b   Is the (AGE) a boy or a girl?

Boy....................1
Girl........................2

IF Q.1=NEVER, SKIP TO Q.51
ALL RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE SONS/DAUGHTERS UNDER AGE 6 GO TO Q.20
IF CHILDREN IN HOUSEHOLD UNDER 6 BUT NONE ARE SONS/DAUGHTERS ASK Q.15

Q.15  Do you ever drive with (the child/ at least one of the children under 6)that you just mentioned in your (car/truck/van)?

Yes, one child in household....1        SKIP TO Q.20
Yes, more than one child.............2
No.............................3         SKIP TO Q.17

Q.16  Which of the children under six do you ever drive with? (ENTER AGE OF EACH CHILD DRIVE AT LEAST SOMETIMES BELOW )

Age of child #1 ______
Age of child #2 ______
Age of child #3 ______
Age of child #4 ______
Age of child #5 ______
Age of child #6 ______

ALL WHO DRIVE WITH CHILDREN UNDER SIX GO TO Q20

IF NO CHILDREN UNDER AGE 6 ASK Q.17

Q.17   In the past 12 months, have you driven with any children under age 6?

Yes........................1
No..............................2        SKIP TO Q.51

Q.18a   How often do you drive with children under six?
Is it.......

Almost every day.............1
Few days a week..................2
Few days a month.............3
Few days a year..................4
Never........................5         SKIP TO Q.51
Other.________________________...6

Q.18b   What is your relationship to the child or children under age 6 that you at least sometimes drive with? MULTIPLE RECORD

Child/stepchild....................1    ASK AGE OF CHILDREN (Q18A1)
Brother/sister..........................2
Grandchild.........................3
Other relative..........................4
Teacher/bus driver.................5
Other non-relative......................6

Q.19  When you are driving and children under age 6 are riding with you, would you say that they are in a child car seat or a seat belt all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, rarely or never?

All of the time...............1        SKIP TO Q.51
Most of the time...................2        SKIP TO Q.51
Some of the time..............3         SKIP TO Q.51
Rarely.............................4       SKIP TO Q.51
Never.........................5        SKIP TO Q.51

DRIVERS WITH CHILDREN UNDER SIX IN THE HOUSEHOLD CONTINUE
RANDOM SELECTION OF ONE ELIGIBLE CHILD: DUMMY WITH SELECTED AGE

Q.20  The following questions are for (your/the) (AGE), only. How much does (he/she) weigh?
(NOTE: IGNORE REFERENCES TO OUNCES; ONLY RECORD POUNDS).

________ lb. (Range=5-60 lbs)
(IF DON'T KNOW/REFUSED, PROBE: N.20b Is he/she....)

Q.21  How tall is he/she? (RECORD BOTH FEET AND INCHES)

_________ FEET (Range: 1-4 feet)
_________ INCHES (Range: 0-12 inches)

COMPUTE DUMMY HEIGHT IN INCHES AS (FEET X 12) + INCHES.
CONSISTENCY CHECK BETWEEN HEIGHT IN INCHES AND WEIGHT.

IF HEIGHT LT 13 INCHES, REPEAT HEIGHT QUESTION
IF HEIGHT 13-24 INCHES, WEIGHT=( 5-19 LBS)
IF HEIGHT 25-36 INCHES, WEIGHT=(20-39 LBS)
IF HEIGHT 37-48 INCHES, WEIGHT=(40-60 LBS)
IF HEIGHT GT 48 INCHES, REPEAT HEIGHT QUESTION
IF FAILS CONSISTENCY CHECK THEN RECHECK WEIGHT AND HEIGHT

Q.22  When you are driving and (AGE) rides in the vehicle with you, how often does (he/she) ride in a child car seat. Child car seats include infant seats, toddler seats and booster seats. Would you say (he/she) rides in a child car seat... (READ LIST)

ALL OF THE TIME....................1
MOST OF THE TIME........................2
SOME OF THE TIME...................3
RARELY, OR..............................4
NEVER..............................5         SKIP TO Q.46

Q.23a   When was the last time (he/she) did not ride in a child car seat when you were driving? READ LIST OF NECESSARY

Today................1
Within past week...........2
Within past month....3
Within past 12 months......4
A year or more ago/
always wears it....5

Q.24  When (he/she) is fastened in the child car seat, are there straps over both shoulders, a strap across only one shoulder, or are there no straps over either shoulder?

Two straps................1
One strap.......................2
No straps.................3

Q.25  S When you are driving and (he/she) rides in the child car seat, is it usually in the front seat or the back seat?

Front seat.............1      SKIP TO Q.27
Back seat...................2

IF Q.24 IS ONE OR NO STRAPS, GO TO N28b

Q.27   When you are driving and (he/she) is riding in the child car seat, is it usually front facing or rear facing?

Front....................1
Rear..........................2

LOGIC CHECK: IF KID AGE GE 1 AND Q.27=2, REPEAT Q27.
IF STILL "REAR FACING" ASK THE CHILD'S AGE AND ENTER IN NOTES.

Q.28a   Can the seat be used in a front facing position only, a rear facing position only, or can it be used in either position?

Front facing only...............1
Rear facing only.....................2
Either front or rear facing.....3

N28b.   How many days out of the past thirty days did your (AGE) ride in a vehicle that you drove?

________ DAYS (Range=0-30)   NOT SURE=31   REFUSED=32

Q.28b   During the past thirty days, has your (AGE) ridden in a vehicle where someone outside of your household was driving (includes school buses, taxis and other private vehicle)?

Yes.......1
No.............2  SKIP TO Q.29

Q.29  Where would you say it is safest to place a child car seat in the vehicle...in the front seat or in the back seat?

Front seat....................................1
Back seat..........................................2

Q.30  Some child car seats are designed so that the child faces backward, to the rear of the motor vehicle. Suppose a child is riding in a child car seat facing backward. If the vehicle has a passenger side airbag, is it safe or unsafe to have the child car seat in the front seat?

Safe...............................1
Unsafe.................................2
Have no idea how air bags work.....3

Q.31   Now thinking again about the child car seat the (AGE) usually rides in, did you get the child car seat new or used?

New........................1
Used............................2

Q.32  Did you purchase the child car seat, did you get it as a gift or loaner from a relative or friend or did you get it from a loaner program?
(NOTE: IF RESPONDENT HAD USED THE CHILD CAR SEAT PREVIOUSLY, PROBE
TO DETERMINE WHERE CHILD CAR SEAT ORIGINALLY CAME FROM)

Purchased.................1
Gift/Loan......................2
Loaner program............3
Other (SPECIFY)................9
____________________________

IF Q.32=PURCHASED ASK Q.33, ELSE GO TO Q.34

Q.33   Where did you purchase it from?

Retail store...........................1
Second-hand store/consignment shop.........2
Garage sale/neighborhood sale..........3
Other(SPECIFY).............................4
___________________________________

Q.34  When you are driving and (he/she) is riding in the child car seat, are there ever any times when the child car seat is not attached to the car's seat belt?

Yes.....................1
No...........................2

Q.35   Did you ever read or hear of any information or receive any advice about the need to use child car seats from any of the following sources? Did you get any information...

YES NO [VOL]
NOT SURE
[VOL]
REFUSED
a. FROM A DOCTOR OR NURSE................. 1 2 3 4
b. FROM A BOOK OR ARTICLE ON CHILD CARE... 1 2 3 4
c. FROM ANY OTHER KIND OF BOOK
OR ARTICLE............................
1 2 3 4
d. FROM INFORMATION ON TV OR RADIO........ 1 2 3 4
e. FROM A FAMILY MEMBER OR FRIEND........ 1 2 3 4
f. FROM A SAFETY HOTLINE.................. 1 2 3 4

Q.36  How did you learn to attach the child car seat to the vehicle? (MULTIPLE RECORD)

Read the instructions...............1
Relative or friend showed me..............2
Loaner program showed me............3
Health professional showed me.............4
Figured it out myself...............5
Car seat came attached to car.............6     SKIP TO Q.39C

IF Q.36=1 or 6, THEN GO TO N37c ELSE GO TO Q.37

Q.37  Did you ever read the instructions?

Yes...............................1        SKIP TO N37c
No....................................2

N37b.   Were any instructions available?

Yes...............................1         SKIP TO Q38
No....................................2        SKIP TO Q38

Q.38  How easy is it for you to attach the child car seat to the vehicle you usually drive...(READ LIST)

VERY EASY...............................1        SKIP TO Q.39b
SOMEWHAT EASY OR.............................2       
NOT EASY AT ALL.........................3

Q.40  How easy is it for you to properly buckle your child into the child car seat? (READ LIST)

VERY EASY.....................1      SKIP TO Q.41b
SOMEWHAT EASY OR................2
NOT EASY AT ALL...............3

Q.42  Has the (AGE) ever gotten himself/herself out of that child car seat when riding with you?

Yes....................1
No..........................2

IF Q.22=ALL THE TIME & Q.23a=>1 YR AGO/ALWAYS SKIP TO Q.50b ELSE Q.43

Q.43  Please answer yes or no to each of the following statements. When my (AGE) doesn't ride in a child car seat, it is sometimes because...)

YES NO [VOL]
NOT SURE
[VOL]
REFUSED
a. HE/SHE IS TOO BIG..................... 1 2 3 4
b. HE/SHE DOESN'T LIKE IT................ 1 2 3 4
c. HE/SHE WON'T STAY IN IT............... 1 2 3 4
d. THERE IS NO ROOM FOR THE SEAT
IN THE CAR............................
1 2 3 4
e. HE/SHE WILL ONLY BE IN THE CAR
A SHORT TIME..........................
1 2 3 4
f. WE ARE IN A HURRY..................... 1 2 3 4
g. THE CHILD CAR SEAT ISN'T AVAILABLE.... 1 2 3 4

Q.43h  Are there any other reasons why (he/she) doesn't ride in a child car seat?

Yes....................1
No............................2

Q.44  When the (AGE) doesn't ride in the child car seat, when riding with you does he/she usually sit on someone's lap, sit by him/herself in the front seat or sit in the back seat?

Lap of passenger.....................1
Front seat................................2
Back seat............................3
Back of station wagon or truck (VOL)......4

Q.45a  When the (AGE) doesn't ride in the child car seat, when riding with you, how often is he/she buckled in a seat belt? (READ LIST)

ALL OF THE TIME........1
MOST OF THE TIME.............2
SOME OF THE TIME.......3
RARELY OR....................4
NEVER..................5

IF Q22=NEVER CONTINUE WITH Q46, ELSE GO TO Q50b

Q.46  Please answer yes or no to each of the following statements to indicate if this is a reason why the (AGE) does not ride in a child car seat.
My (AGE) doesn't ride in a child car seat because...

YES NO [VOL]
NOT SURE
[VOL]
REFUSED
a. HE/SHE DOESN'T HAVE ONE............... 1 2 3 4
b. HE/SHE IS TOO BIG..................... 1 2 3 4
c. HE/SHE DOESN'T LIKE IT................ 1 2 3 4
d. HE/SHE WON'T STAY IN IT............... 1 2 3 4
e. HE/SHE USES A SEAT BELT............... 1 2 3 4
f. THERE ISN'T ENOUGH ROOM IN THE CAR.... 1 2 3 4

Q.46g  Are there any other reasons why he/she doesn't ride in a child car seat?

Yes......................1
No............................2


IF YES, What other reasons? (Child doesn't ride in a child car seat)
_____________________________________________________________________

IF Q.46a=1, ASK Q.47, ELSE SKIP TO Q.48

Q.47  Is there any particular reason why you don't have one?

Yes.......................1
No..............................2


IF YES, What is that reason?
__________________________________________________________________

Q.48   How often does he/she use a seat belt? (READ LIST)

ALL OF THE TIME............1
MOST OF THE TIME.................2
SOME OF THE TIME...........3
RARELY OR........................4
NEVER......................5

N48b.   Where does (AGE)usually sit in the vehicle when you are driving -- the front seat or the back seat?

Front seat.............1
Back seat....................2
About equal............3
Other (SPECIFY)..............4 _____________

Q.49  Did the (AGE) ever ride in a child car seat during the first year of life?

Yes.....................1
No..........................2         SKIP TO Q.51

Q.50b  Before today, had you ever seen or heard of a type of car seat called a booster seat?

Yes.......................1
No..............................2      SKIP TO Q.50e

IF Q.22=5, SKIP TO Q.51

Q.50e  When your (AGE) outgrows his/her current child car seat, do you expect him/her to use a different type of car seat, a seat belt or something else?

Different seat............1
Seat belts....................2
Other (SPECIFY)
____________________......3

Q.51  How do you personally feel about the police enforcement of child car seat laws? On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 means police should hardly ever give tickets and 10 means police should give a ticket at every opportunity for violations of child car seat laws, how strict should police enforcement be?

1=Police hardly ever give a ticket for violations
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10=Police give a ticket at every opportunity
11..........(VOL) Don't know
12..........(VOL) Refused

Q.52   What do you think the minimum fine should be for violation of child car seat laws?

$__________ (Range=1-1000)
No fine/warning...........0
Not sure..................1001

Q.53.   What about when children outgrow a child car seat? Do you agree or disagree that they should be required by law to wear seat belts when riding in a vehicle?

Agree..................1
Depends on age.............2
Disagree...............3         SKIP TO N55a