Rural Pickup Truck Drivers and Safety Belt Use: Focus Group Report

   

 

Technical Report Page

Executive Summary

Introduction

Defining the Problem

Fatalities

Gender and Other Characteristics

Laws Pertaining to Children and Cargo Areas

Focus Groups: Background

Moderator's Guide and Topics of Discussion

Focus Groups: Findings

Focus Group Participants' Attitudes Toward Safety Measures

Focus Group Participants' Safety Belt Use

Focus Group Participants' Responses to Specific Reasons/Approaches

Focus Group Responses to Existing Campaign Approaches - English-Speaking Group

Focus Group Responses to Existing Campaign Approaches - Hispanic Group

Campaign Component Development - English-Speaking Group

Campaign Component Development - Hispanic Group

Conclusions

References

List of Tables

List of Figures

Appendices

Home

 

 


Defining The Problem


Occupant Restraint Use

NHTSA conducts the National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NOPUS) every two years to gather detailed information on shoulder belt use for drivers and right-front seat passengers in the United States (NHTSA, 2001). While there have been steady increases in safety belt usage rates for all types of vehicles, pickup truck usage lags about 12 to 13 percentage points below that of passengers cars, vans, and SUVs as shown in Table 1 below.

Table 1

Belt Use by Vehicle Type, 1998 - 2003

 

Passenger Cars

Vans & SUVs

Pickup Trucks

Fall 1998

71%

70%

59%

Fall 2000

74%

74%

59%

June 2001

76%

75%

62%

June 2002

77%

78%

64%

June 2003

81%

83%

69%

Source: NCSA, 2003

Safety belt usage is also lower in secondary law enforcement States when compared with primary (standard) law enforcement States. As shown in Figure 1, only 48 percent of the drivers of pickup trucks in secondary law States were observed wearing safety belts as compared with 69 percent of drivers of pickup trucks in primary law States.

Figure 1. Shoulder Belt Use by Person Type and State Enforcement Status Pickup Trucks and Passenger Vehicles (Fall NOPUS 2000): Percent Estimates

Click the d-link for full description d
Source: NCSA

As shown in Figure 1, pickup truck safety belt use is lower for all States: among drivers - 61 percent for pickup trucks versus 75 percent for passenger cars; for passengers- 55 percent for pickup trucks versus 61 percent for passenger vehicles. The differences in safety belt use rates for both passengers and drivers in pickup trucks in primary versus secondary law States is even more significant: belt use by pickup truck drivers in secondary law States is 48 percent versus 69 percent for pickup truck drivers in primary law States; belt use by passengers in pickup trucks in secondary law States is 42 percent versus 64 percent for passengers in pickup trucks in primary law States. These lower safety belt use rates in secondary law States are consistent with the finding of lower safety belt use rates in secondary law States for both drivers and passengers of passenger vehicles (NOPUS 2000).

Data Update: Safety belt usage increased in both primary law States and secondary law States. However, consistent with findings shown in Table 2, safety belt use by drivers and passengers of pickup trucks in both primary law States and secondary law States remains lower than that for other vehicle types. NOPUS 2003 data reflect the safety belt use rate by pickup trucks drivers in primary law States is 74 percent versus 63 percent in secondary law States.

Table 2

Safety Belt Use in 2003 In Primary and Secondary Law States By Vehicle Type

Primary Enforcement Law States

Passenger Cars

Vans and SUVs

Pickup Trucks

83%

84%

86%

73%

Secondary Enforcement Law States

Passenger Cars

Vans and SUVs

Pickup Trucks

75%

78%

78%

63%

Source: NCSA

Figure 2. Shoulder Belt Use For Pickup Trucks, SUVs and Passenger Vehicles, NOPUS 2002: Percent Estimates

Data Update: NOPUS 2003 data reflect a similar trend: pickup truck drivers in primary law States is 74 percent versus 63 percent secondary law States, and 73 percent for pickup truck passengers in primary law States versus 60 percent in secondary law States.
Source: NCSA

Data Update: NOPUS 2003 data reflect a similar trend: pickup truck drivers in primary law States is 74 percent versus 63 percent secondary law States, and 73 percent for pickup truck passengers in primary law States versus 60 percent in secondary law States.

Figure 3 shows regional safety belt use rates for both pickup truck and passenger car occupants for 2000. In all regions of the nation, occupants of pickup trucks have lower safety belt use rates when compared to occupants of passenger cars. The Northeast has the lowest regional safety belt use rate for pickup truck occupants; the West has the highest regional safety belt use rate for pickup truck occupants.

Figure 3. Shoulder Belt Use by Person Type and Regions Pickup Trucks and Passenger Vehicles - Fall NOPUS 2000: Percent Estimates

Figure 3 shows regional safety belt use rates for both pickup truck and passenger car occupants for 2000. In all regions of the nation, occupants of pickup trucks have lower safety belt use rates when compared to occupants of passenger cars. The Northeast has the lowest regional safety belt use rate for pickup truck occupants; the West has the highest regional safety belt use rate for pickup truck occupants.
Source: NCSA

Data Update: For 2003:

All Occupants
Drivers
Passengers
Northeast:
Pickup Trucks
Passenger Cars
56%
75%
56%
76%
58%
70%

Midwest:

Pickup Trucks
Passenger Cars
65%
76%
65%
77%
65%
75%

South:

Pickup Trucks
Passenger Cars
68%
84%
68%
85%
65%
80%

West:

Pickup Trucks
Passenger Cars
76%
86%
77%
88%
73%
81%

Source: Technical Report - "Safety Belt Use in 2003 (September 2003), National Center for Statistics and Analysis, DOT HS 809 646.

Figure 4 shows that suburban and rural pickup truck occupants are less likely to use shoulder belts than are pickup truck occupants in urban areas.

Figure 4. Shoulder Belt Use by Person Type and Urbanization Pickup Trucks and Passenger Vehicles, NOPUS 2000: Percent Estimates

Figure 4.  Shoulder Belt Use by Person Type and Urbanization

Data Update: The demographic characteristics noted in 2002 reflect the following changes:

All Occupants:
Urban
Suburban
Rural
Pickup Trucks
69%
69%
54%
Passenger Cars
72%
78%
79%

Source: Safety Belt Use in 2002- Demographic Characteristics, March 2003, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, DOT HS 809 557.

   
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