TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION
Background
BAC Data in FARS
Study Goals and Plan
Outline of Report
FARS Data Files

CHAPTER II. STUDY METHODS
State Law Review
Steering Committee
Ten State Case Studies

CHAPTER III. THE BAC TESTING AND REPORTING PROCESS
Driver Dies at the Crash Scene
Driver Taken to an Emergency Medical Facility
Driver Remains at Crash Scene

CHAPTER IV. STATE LAWS, POLICIES, AND PRACTICES GOVERNING BAC TESTING
Fatally Injured Drivers
Surviving Drivers

CHAPTER V. REPORTING BAC RESULTS TO FARS–PRACTICES AND PITFALLS
Drivers Who Die at the Crash Scene
Drivers Who Die After an Extended Period
Surviving Drivers
FARS System

CHAPTER VI. BEST PRACTICES
Who is Tested
How Test Results Are Transmitted to FARS
How the Process Is Managed

CHAPTER VII. IMPLEMENTATION
NHTSA
Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA)
National Association of Medical Examiners (NAME)
International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) and National Sheriffs’Association (NSA)
National District Attorneys Association (NDAA)
All Organizations

CHAPTER VIII. REFERENCES

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix A: Steering Committee

Appendix B: State Case Study Contacts

Appendix C: Field Data Collection Protocol

Appendix D: BAC Testing Laws for Fatally Injured Drivers, by State

Appendix E: BAC Testing Laws for Surviving Drivers in Fatal Collisions, by State

Appendix F: Sample Laws

Appendix G: Agenda of the South Carolina BAC Testing Forum, April 8, 2003

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: Study States

Figure 2: BAC testing and reporting for drivers who die at the crash scene

Figure 3: BAC testing and reporting for drivers taken to a Treatment Facility

Figure 4: BAC testing and reporting for drivers remaining at the crash scene

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: BAC Testing and Reporting Rates by State, FARS 2002

Table 2: BAC Testing and Reporting Rates by State, Sorted by Percent Known, FARS 2002

Table 3: BAC Testing and Reporting in Annual Report and Final Files, FARS 2001 Fatally Injured Drivers

Table 4: BAC Testing and Reporting in Annual Report and Final Files, FARS 2001 Surviving Drivers

Table 5: BAC Testing Rates by State Law Type, Fatally Injured Drivers, FARS 2002

Table 6: Known BAC Rates by State Law Type, Fatally Injured Drivers, FARS 2002

Table 7: BAC Testing Rates by State Law Type, Surviving Drivers, FARS 2002

Table 8: Known BAC Rates by State Law Type, Surviving Drivers, FARS 2002

Table 9: BAC Testing Rates by State, Sorted by Percent Missing, FARS 2002

Table 10: BAC Testing for Fatally Injured Drivers, Study States, FARS 2002

Table 11: BAC Testing for Surviving Drivers, Study States, FARS 2002

Table 12: State BAC Testing and Reporting Forums, 1999 - 2003

Table 13: BAC Testing and Reporting Changes after BAC Forums