Appendix

Acronyms

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Air and Surface Transport Nurses Association (ASTNA)
Alcohol use problem (AUP)
American Ambulance Association (AAA)
American Bar Association (ABA)
American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP)
American College of Surgeons (ACS)
American College of Surgeons—Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT)
American Hospital Association (AHA)
American Medical Association (AMA)
American Psychiatric Association (APA)
American Public Health Association (APHA)
American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM)
Blood alcohol concentration (BAC)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
Current procedural terminology (CPT)
Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
Department of Public Safety (DPS)
Driving under the influence (DUI)
Driving while intoxicated (DWI)
Emergency department (ED)
Emergency medical technicians (EMTs)
Emergency medical service (EMS)
Emergency Nurses Association (ENA)
Health Insurance Association of America (HIAA)
Heath Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)
International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)
International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC)
International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF)
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO)
Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)
National Association of EMS Educators (NAEMSE)
National Association of EMS Physicians (NAEMSP)
National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians (NAEMT)
National Association of State EMS Directors (NASEMSD)
National Association of State EMS Training Directors (NASEMSTD)
National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC)
National Commission Against Drunk Driving (NCADD)
National Council of State MES Training Coordinators (NCSEMSTC)
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Public Service Announcements (PSAs)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM)
Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD)
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Uniform Individual Accident and Sickness Policy Provision Law (UPPL)