Appendix

References


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ii Soderstrom CA, Dischinger PC, Smith GS, McDuff DR, Hebel JR, Gorelick DA. Psychoactive substance dependence among trauma center patients. JAMA. May 27 1992;267:2756-2759.

iii Maio RF, Waller PF, Blow FC, Hill EM, Singer KM. Alcohol abuse/dependence in motor vehicle crash victims presenting to the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. Apr 1997;4:256-262.

iv Soderstrom CA, Smith GS, Dischinger PC, et al. Psychoactive substance use disorders among seriously injured trauma center patients. JAMA. 1997;277:1769-1774.

v Soderstrom CA, Dischinger PC, Smith GS, et al. Psychoactive substance dependence among trauma center patients. JAMA 1992;267:2756-2759.

vi Soderstrom CA, Dischinger PC, Smith GS, et al. Psychoactive substance dependence among trauma center patients. JAMA 1992;267:2756-2759.

vii Madan AK, Yu K, Beech DJ. Alcohol and drug use in victims of life-threatening trauma. J Trauma. 1999;47:568-571.

viii Broadening the Base of Treatment for Alcohol Problems. Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1990.

ix Healthy People 2010. National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Washington, DC, US Government Printing Office, 2000.

x Changing the Conversation. Improving Substance Abuse Treatment: The National Treatment Plan Initiative. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, SAMHSA, Rockville, MD, 2000.

xi Alcohol and Trauma. National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Alert. 1989;3:1-3.

xii Developing Best Practices of Emergency Care of the Alcohol-Impaired Patient. Recommendations from the National Conference. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. US Department of Transportation, 2000.

xiii Model Trauma Care Plan. US Department of Health and Human Services. Rockville, MD: US DHHS, 1992.

xiv Screening for Alcohol and Other Drug Use in Trauma Patients, American Medical Association. House of Delegates, Resolution A91. Chicago, IL 1991.

xv Alcohol and other Drug Screening of Hospitalized Patients. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 16. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Washington DC, 1995.

xvi National Conference of State Legislators, Health Policy Tracking Service. Substance Abuse Snapshot. Washington DC, March 17, 2003.

xvii Schermer CR, Gentilello LM, Hoyt DB, Moore EE, Moore JB, Rozycki GS, Feliciano DV. National Survey of Trauma Surgeons’ Use of Alcohol Screening and Intervention. J Trauma, 45:213, 2003.

xviii CR Schermer MD, LM Gentilello MD, DB Hoyt MD, EE Moore MD, JB Moore MD, GS Rozycki MD,
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xx Gurney JG, Rivara FP, Mueller BA, Newell DW, Copass MK, Jurkovich GJ. The effects of alcohol intoxication on the initial treatment and hospital course of patients with acute brain injury. J Trauma 1992;33(5):709-13.

xxi Gentilello LM, Cobean RA, Walker AP, Moore EE, Wertz M, and Dellinger EP: Acute Ethanol Intoxication Increases the Risk of Infection Following Penetrating Abdominal Trauma. J Trauma 1993;34:669-75, 1993.

xxii Moss M, Burnham EL. Chronic alcohol abuse, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and multiple organ dysfunction. Crit Care Med 2003;31(4 Suppl):S207-12.

xxiii Jurkovich GJ, Rivara FP, Gurney JG, Fligner C, Ries R, Mueller BA, Copass M. The effect of acute alcohol intoxication and chronic alcohol abuse on outcome from trauma. JAMA 1993 Jul 7;270(1):51-6.

xxiv Why Emergency Rooms Rarely Test Trauma Patients for Alcohol, Drugs. Rachel Zimmerman, Staff Reporter, The Wall Street Journal, February 26, 2003.

xxv Cydulka RK, Harmody MR, Barnoski A, Fallon W, Emerman CL. Injured intoxicated drivers: citation, conviction, referral, and recidivism rates. Ann Emerg Med.1998;32(3 Pt 1):349-52.

xxvi Rivara FP, Tollefson S, Tesh E, and Gentilello LM. “Screening Trauma Patients for Alcohol Problems: Are Insurance Companies Barriers?” J Trauma48(1):115-118, 2000.

xxvii Health Insurance Association of America. UPPL Permissable Exclusion for Losses Related to Alcohol or Drug Abuse. Affidavit provided to Regulatory Framework Committee, National Association of Insurance Commissioners, Kansas City, MO, December 4, 2000.

xxviii Why Emergency Rooms Rarely Test Trauma Patients for Alcohol, Drugs. Rachel Zimmerman, Staff Reporter, The Wall Street Journal, February 26, 2003.

xxix National Association of Insurance Commissioners, Regulatory Task Force B. Hearing to consider revision of UPPL. Minutes, winter meeting, December 2000, Boston, MA

xxx Rating the States 2002. Mothers Against Drunk Driving. Irving, TX, 2002.

xxxi Drunk Drivers Escaping Detection Through the Emergency Department. Report of the BAC Reporting Group. Consensus Meeting. National Commission Against Drunk Driving. Silver Spring, MD, March 4, 1999.

xxxii Alcohol and other Drug Screening of Hospitalized Patients. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 16. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Washington DC, 1995.