Citizen Reporting of DUI- Extra Eyes to Identify Impaired Driving
As part of the program personnel interviews and background development, we also collected information on budgeting and resources required to implement the program. We examined not only the operational costs of implementing Extra Eyes, but also the allocation of resources to DUI enforcement in Montgomery County and in the comparison counties. This was determined by examining records of support for overtime DUI enforcement activity by the county highway safety office, which funds all the specialized DUI enforcement efforts. However, because these data were not coded by program element, it was impossible to specifically identify what amount was spent on the Extra Eyes operational activities. Additionally, senior personnel indicated that planning and administration for the current program has essentially been implemented using existing resources.
DUI Enforcement Resources
Table 30 provides the budget estimates for 2000-2005 for overtime DUI enforcement in each county. In Montgomery County, these figures actually report what was allocated, not necessarily what was spent. During 2000 and 2001, Montgomery County Police received between $120,000 and $150,000 from the County Council for overtime. However, only a portion of these funds were used for overtime DUI enforcement. Unfortunately, what percentage of those funds was directly used for DUI enforcement is unknown.
Extra Eyes Operational Budget
Discrete information on the actual costs of implementing the Extra Eyes program was not available because those costs were embedded in overall operational budgets. Consequently, we worked with the Montgomery County Police Department to develop a budget that more accurately reflected the costs of implementing the program from scratch. The actual program was implemented only six to seven times a year; however, it was the opinion of both the research and operational staffs that a more viable program should be implemented on a biweekly basis. Thus, the resources outlined below for the biweekly program from start to finish includes the additional intensity.
Table 31 shows a budget for a comprehensive Extra Eyes program to conduct the operation monthly and on some holidays (for one year) using one or two extra volunteer teams and one or two SADD students on each night.
The Montgomery County police department covers the cost of officer time through overtime hours provided by the Montgomery County Highway Safety Office (see below for amount allotted each year from 2001 to 2004). Operation Extra Eyes is one of many enforcement efforts (e.g., checkpoints, saturation patrols) conducted in the county that is funded through this office.
It is important to note that this budget includes neither the administrative time needed to organize the operations and collect data, nor the publicity /media costs. A good deal of organization must be done to train volunteers and coordinate evening enforcement activities. Further, little effort was spent on securing publicity about the Extra Eyes activities during the period studied. However, to enhance potential general deterrence effects, departments may wish to mount complementary publicity efforts. Training costs are not shown here because Montgomery County absorbed those costs within regular scheduled time. However, at least 16 hours would need to be allocated to that activity for a comprehensive program.