Anglin L, Caverson R, Fennel R, Giesbrecht N, and Mann RE (1997). A Study of Impaired Drivers Stopped by Police in Sudbury, Ontario. Addiction Research Foundation: Toronto, Ontario.

Babor, T., et al. (1978). Experimental Analysis of the ‘Happy Hour': Effects of Purchase Price on Alcohol Consumption. Psychopharmacology 58: 35-41.

Chaloupka, F., et al. (2002). The Effects of Price on Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol-Related Problems. Alcohol Research & Health 26(1): 22-34.

Champaign Police Department. (2002) 2001 Alcohol Enforcement Summary . Champaign, Illinois: Champaign Police Department.

Edwards, G., et al. (1994) Alcohol Policy and the Public Good . Oxford: Oxford University Press, Oxford Medical Publications, World Health Organization Europe.

Friedlein, S. (2003) Sergeant Scott Friedlein. Personal communications. September 8, 2003, September 12, 2003.

Gallup Organization. (2000) - Volume I: Findings, Racial and Ethnic Group Comparisons,

National Surveys of Drinking and Driving, June 2000, Attitudes and Behavior - 1993, 1995, and 1997. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Washington DC, DTNH22-96-C-05081

Goldstein, P., Brownstein, H., and Ryan, P. (1992) Drug related homicide in New York: 1984 and 1988. Crime Delinquency 38:459-476.

Greenfeld, L. (1998) Alcohol and Crime: An analysis of national data on the prevalence of alcohol involvement in crime . Prepared for the Assistant Attorney General's National Symposium on Alcohol Abuse and Crime, Washington DC

Grossman, M., et al. (1998). An empirical analysis of alcohol addiction: Results from the Monitoring the Future Panels. Economic Inquiry. 36(1):39-48.

Holder, H., Janes, K., Mosher, J., Saltz, R., Spurr, S., and Wagenaar, A. (1993) - Alcoholic beverage server liability and the reduction of alcohol-involved problems. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 54:23-26.

Kuo, M, Wechsler, H, Greenberg, P, and Lee, H. (2003) The Marketing of Alcohol to College Students: The Role of Low Prices and Special Promotions. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 25(3):1-8.

McKnight, A., and Streff, F. (1994) The effect of enforcement upon service of alcohol to intoxicated patrons of bars and restaurants. Accidental Analysis and Prevention 26 (1): 79-88.

Michaud, E. (2003) Lieutenant Ed Michaud, telephone conversation, October 15, 2003.

Mokdad, A., Marks, J., Stroup, D., and Gerberding, J. (2004) Actual Causes of Death in the United States, 2000. JAMA 291(10):1238-1245.

Moore, A. (2003) “Don't Try to Read Between These Lines” NLLEAgram 14 (4):6-8.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (2002). 2000 Youth Fatal Crash and Alcohol Facts. DOT HS 406. Available online: .

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (2004). Traffic Safety Facts 2003: Alcohol. DOT HS 809 761.

O'Donnell, M. (1985). Research on drinking locations of alcohol-impaired drivers: Implications for prevention policies . Journal of Public Health Policy . Vol. 6: 510-525.

Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation. (2003) Alcohol Beverage Control Enforcement: Legal Research Report. Felton, CA: Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation.

Smart, R. (1996) - The happy hour experiment in North America. Contemporary Drug Problems 23: 291-300.

Smart, R., and Adlaf, E. (1986). Banning Happy Hours: The Impact on Drinking and Impaired-Driving Charges in Ontario, Canada. Journal of Studies in Alcohol . 47(3): 256-258.

Smith, G., et al. (1999). Fatal Non-Traffic Injuries Involving Alcohol: A Meta-Analysis. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 33(6): 659-668.

Spunt, B., Brownstein, H., Goldstein, P., Fendrich, M., and Liberty, J. (1995) Drug use by homicide offenders. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 27(2): 125-134.

Toomey, T., et al. (1999) Characteristics and rates of illegal alcohol sales to pseudo-intoxicated patrons. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association's 127 th Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, November 7-11, 1999.

Toomey, T., et al. (2001) Project ARM: Alcohol Risk Management to Prevent Sales to Underage and Intoxicated Patrons. Health Education & Behavior 28(2): 186-199.

Toomey, T., et al. (2004) Illegal Alcohol Sales to Obviously Intoxicated Patrons at Licensed Establishments. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 28(5): 769-774.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (2000) Updating Estimates of the Economic Costs of Alcohol Abuse in the United States: Estimates, Update Methods, and Data. Rockville, MD: National Institutes of Health.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). Campus facts. March 29, 2003.

Wagenaar, A. and Holder, H. (1991) Effects of alcoholic beverage server liability on traffic crash injuries. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 15(6): 942-947.

Washington State Liquor Control Board (WSLCB), Enforcement and Education Division, Tacoma Team. (2003) Accidents resulting in fatalities. Slide set 4 in DUI Reduction Emphasis. Tacoma, WA: Washington State Liquor Control Board, Enforcement and Education Division, Tacoma Team.

Wechsler, H., Lee, J., Nelson, T., and Lee, H. (2003) Drinking and Driving Among College Students: The Influence of Alcohol Control Policies. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 25(3): 212-218.

Wiggers, J., et al. (2001) The Linking Project: Pilot Project in the Hunter & Northern Metropolitan Policing Regions of NSW, Final Report. New South Wales, Australia: Hunter Centre for Health Advancement.