The brief intervention approach was laid out on a pocket card which was provided to all clinicians receiving our training, approximately 966 physicians, residents, and medical students. This card included information on how to screen patients, guidelines for low-risk drinking, condensed counseling protocols for alcohol-abusing versus alcohol-dependent patients, and local referral resources for further assessment and specialty substance abuse treatment (see Appendices).
These materials were not totally original. For example, we drew from existing material provided by NIAAA and NHTSA. Our goal was to distill existing materials down to a manageable size that served our brief training purposes and did not overload trainees with paper.