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In-Service Safety Series
LOADING AND UNLOADING
In-Service Safety Series
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GETTING ON AND OFF THE BUS SAFELY


1. Donít rush.

  • This means ďdonít speed.Ē
  • It also means to take each stop one at a time. Donít get lazy and decide to skip over part of the loading and unloading procedure.
  • Concentrate on what you are doing.
  • If you are running late on a route, donít hurry. Safe is better than sorry.

2. NEVER move the bus if students are within 10 feet of any side.

3. Back up only when absolutely necessary.

  • Instead, go around the block, even if it is a long one.
  • If you MUST back up near a bus stop, keep ALL students on the bus. Use a lookout ó a reliable student inside the bus, a bus attendant outside the bus.
  • Open your window and sound your horn.
  • Back VERY slowly.
  • Local policies/procedures
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4. Donít deal with on-bus problems when unloading and loading.

  • Loading and unloading requires all your concentration. Donít take your eyes off what is happening outside the bus.
  • If there is a behavior problem on the bus, wait until the students unloading are safely off the bus and have moved away. If necessary, pull the bus over to handle the problem.
  • Local policies/procedures
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5. Use consistent signals.

  • Hand signal or head nod

    Use a hand signal or head nod to tell the students when it is safe to cross the street. The hand signal should not be confused with a wave because waiting motorists might think you are telling them to pass.

  • Danger signal

    Teach the students what horn signal you will use to signal danger. Use it if a motorist runs your flashing lights. The signal will mean to ďreturn to the side of the road you started from ó AT ONCE!Ē

  • P.A. (public address) system

    Use the external P.A. system, if you have one, to let students know when it is safe to cross.

  • Local policies/procedures
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6. Count and recount.

  • Know how many students should get ON at a stop . Count them. If any are missing, ask if they were at the bus stop this morning. If yes, see if they are still outside the bus.
  • As the students get OFF at a bus stop, count them. Then, before you move the bus, count them again as they move away. Donít move until you are sure that they are all away from the bus.
  • If you canít account for a student outside the bus, secure the bus. Check around and underneath the bus.
  • Count at every bus stop every day.
  • Local policies/procedures
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7. Assume the worst from approaching motorists.

  • Even though they are not supposed to, often motorists pass a stopped school bus.
  • Constantly search for traffic, in front and in back of the bus and on both sides of the bus.
  • Make sure that you give plenty of warning by turning on your yellow flashers early.
  • Donít let the students off until you are sure it is safe.
  • Watch special vehicles closely. Emergency and police ultimately have the right of way. However, most will not proceed until you have turned off your flashers. This tells them that you have heard the siren and it is safe for them to proceed.
  • If you hear a siren and students are UNLOADING, make sure all students are out of the danger zone. Then cancel your flashers.
  • If you hear a siren and students are STILL ON the bus, do not allow students off the bus. Follow your local policy and procedures.
  • Make a record of anyone who passes illegally and give it to your supervisor.
  • Local policies/procedures
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8. Correctly adjust your mirrors.

  • Check your mirrors every day before every trip. Make sure that you can see what you are supposed to see.
  • Donít hesitate to get help adjusting the mirrors if you need it.
  • When loading and unloading, look into all mirrors slowly and carefully.
    • When you have accounted for all the students, check your pedestrian mirrors.
    • Check the roadway ahead and behind with your driving mirrors.
    • Before you pull out, recheck your pedestrian mirrors.
    • Continue to check all mirrors as you move away from the stop.
  • Local policies/procedures
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9. Stopping.

  • Stay to the right side of the roadway when loading and unloading. Donít try to block all traffic.
  • Stay in the traffic lane, not on the shoulder (unless your state/local laws or procedures say differently).
  • Stop before you get to the students. Make them walk to you so you can see them.
  • Never pull into a group of students hanging around the curb or in the street. Stay back and wait for the students to clear the loading zone before you pull in.
  • Secure your bus whenever you load or unload:
    • Set the emergency brake.
    • Put the bus in neutral.
  • Local policies/procedures
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10. Watch for

  • Stragglers (students who donít cross with the group)
  • Students running for a missed bus
  • Dropped items Make a note of students carrying loose items. Have extra plastic bags on the bus to give to students who forgot a backpack or bookbag. If they drop something, they should tell you and follow your instructions.
  • Loose or dangling clothing, drawstrings, or straps
    • Clothing, drawstrings, and straps can catch in handrails, doors, the step outside the door, fire extinguishers, etc. You donít want to drag a child.
  • Local policies/procedures
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11. Fog.

  • Fog reduces visibility. You canít see students. Other vehicles canít see you.
  • If fog is a problem in your area, plan with the students to have them wait as far from the road as possible.
  • Local policies/procedures
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12. Expect the unexpected.

  • Watch for unusual hazards as you approach a bus stop.
  • Report the hazardous situation on your radio.
  • Only let the students off the bus if you and they feel it is safe. Trust your own judgment.
  • Local policies/procedures
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1. Look under the bus and walk around the bus, both inside and outside, and check for
Problems with the bus Report problems to maintenance.
  • Lights not working
  • Broken windows
  • Broken mirrors
  • Mechanical problems
 
Damage or vandalism Report damage to supervisor.
Articles left on the bus Collect and turn in.
Open windows and doors Close open windows and doors.
Sleeping students Follow local procedures.
In winter, icy steps Spray with deicer.

2. Make sure that your bus is ready to go for the next trip.
Mirrors adjusted

Wheelchair tie-downs in order

3. Secure the bus.



HANDOUT #3
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