NOTE: Where it is appropriate, add information about your policies and procedures for students with special needs.
I. You may want to distribute the agenda as participants enter the training area.
I.D. Ask the group the question. For your benefit, the correct answer is provided in italics. This format will be used through out the module.
I.E. Ask participants to call out situations and record them on the flipchart. Keep the discussion focused on things outside the bus, not student management issues (see the module Student Management). Hazards can change depending on the season (e.g., snow drifts).
Remember the definition of “hazard.” Hazards are those things that pose a threat to school bus safety. For example, not all route intersections are hazards but intersections that have limited sight or high crash occurrence are route hazards.
Here are some possible situations. Ask participants to hold off problem-solving for a minute. For right now, you just want the ideas.
- Road conditions (e.g., dirt or gravel on the road, new potholes, frost heaves, washouts, low or non-existent shoulders on the road)
- High volume of traffic; congestion; rush hour
- The lay of the land: some hills; certain curves
- Sunlight; vehicle lights
- A high crash location; intersections
- New construction, jersey walls, restricted roadway
- The “odd thing” (something strange and unexpected: a drainage ditch, low wires or underpass, tree branches, temporary signs, flooding)
- Highway-rail grade crossings
- Trees and shrubs that block the field of view
- Weather conditions (e.g., tornado, fog or flood area)
- Other vehicles: parked cars, disabled vehicles, trash trucks, moving vans, bikes
- Speeding cars; emergency vehicles
- People: pedestrians, joggers, parents or siblings waiting for bus