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In-Service Safety Series
TRANSPORTING STUDENTS
WITH SPECIAL NEEDS
In-Service Safety Series
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EQUIPMENT AND ASSISTIVE DEVICES IN A SCHOOL BUS


Item Storage and Securement Adverse Weather Hazards / Limitations Care and Maintenance
Braces, crutches, walker, cane
  • Secure so doesn’t become a projectile snow/ice/rain
  • Store under seat or as far forward in the bus as possible
  • Use strong bungee cord or other suitable device (not velcro)
  • Traction in
 
Wheelchair

If transfer possible

  • Transfer student to regular seat and secure wheelchair
  • Secure so doesn’t become a projectile

If transfer not possible

  • Wheelchair forward-facing and secured with 4-point tie-down system
  • Tie-downs secured ONLY to main frame of wheelchair
  • Occupant secured with a 3-point restraint system
  • Shoulder belt attached to vehicle
  • Lap belt attached to wheelchair 4-point anchor system or to vehicle
  • Traction in snow/ice/rain Buckles become hot enough to burn in heat
  • Straps become stiff in snow/salt conditions
  • Brakes in working condition
  • Wheels stable and in proper alignment
  • No flat tires
  • Acid battery not leaking
  • Head rest and foot rest functional
Tracheotomy tube
  • Secure student so no interference with operation of tube
 
  • Keep free of dust; use A/C;

    close windows on dirt roads
  • Clear airway if required
IV or feeding tube
  • (Feeding tube) Secure student so seat belt doesn’t interfere with operation
  • (IV) Secure so doesn’t become a projectile
 
  • Watch for choking, gagging, nausea, vomiting
Oxygen equipment/ventilator
  • (Oxygen) Fasten with seat belt or other securement device in upright position
  • (Ventilator) Secure close to student
  • Secure so doesn’t interfere with operation
  • Secure so doesn’t become a projectile
  • Secure so doesn’t protrude into aisle
  • Do not cover cylinder with anything
  • Protect neck and valve area of equipment to prevent release of oxygen
  • Watch lubrication of parts in wet conditions
  • No oily rags to clean equipment
  • No oil to lubricate valves, connections, or regulators
  • Keep away from heat sources
  • Keep well-ventilated
  • No kinks in tubing
  • Connections secure
  • NEVER turn off alarms
Conventional or special child safety seat
  • Attach to regular seat according to manufacturers’ instructions
   
Guide dog
  • Should be on leash (may have harness with handles)
  • Doesn’t need additional restraint
  • Will probably be on floor near student
  • Should not obstruct aisles or block other students entering or leaving the school bus
   
Lap tray/board
  • Remove and store securely during transport unless required by IEP for therapeutic positioning
  • Secure so doesn’t become a projectile
  • Store under seat or as far forward in the bus as possible
  • Use strong bungee cord or other suitable device (not velcro)
 
  • Maintained by student



HANDOUT #5
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