1Taylor, Dexter; Miller, Ted; and Cox, Kenya. “Impaired Driving in the United States Cost Fact Sheets.” (Washington, DC: National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, 2002).
2George L. Kelling, Catherine M. Coles
(Contributor), James Q. Wilson, Fixing Broken
Windows: Restoring Order and Reducing Crime in
Our Communities (Free Press, 1996).
3See Gladwell, Malcolm, The Tipping Point: How
Little Things Make a Big Difference, (2000)].
4M. Durose, E. Schmitt, and P. Langan,
Contacts between Police and the Public: Findings
from the 2002 National Survey (Bureau of Justice
Statistics April 2005).
5The first photo on the cover is of an
Accountability Driven Leadership process
conducted by the Washington State Patrol (called
the “Strategic Advancement Forum” and modeled
after the New York Police Department Compstat
process). On the first Friday of each month, every
district commander (captain) in the state comes to
headquarters to report to the executive staff on core
mission activities. The first of the four core mission
areas is traffic law enforcement (primarily DUI,
Speed, Aggressive Driving, and Seat Belt
enforcement). Commanders report on these
activities as well as the number of fatality and injury
collision patterns and trends. These commanders
conduct similar forums in their districts with their
lieutenants and sergeants.
6IACP Highway Safety Deskbook,
7Reduction in Alcohol-Related Traffic
Fatalities—United States, 1990-1992, 271 J. A.M.A.
99 (January 23, 1994).
8See Duncan v. Cone, 2000 U.S. App. LEXIS
33221 (6th Cir. 2000); Smelser v. Troutdale, 2000 U.S.
App. LEXIS 16134 (9th Cir. 2000); Roberts v. State,
2000 U.S. App. LEXIS 22753; 2000 Colo. J. C.A.R.
5225 (10th Cir. 2000); John Doe No. 1 v. Ga. Dep't
of Pub. Safety, 147 F. Supp. 2d 1369 (U.S.D.C. N. D.
Ga. 2001); McFarland v. Mackey, 1988 U.S. Dist.
LEXIS 15638 (U.S.D.C. Mass. 1988); Flatt v. Miller, 1996 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1883 (U.S.D.C. W. D. Mich.
1996); League of United Latin Am. Citizens v.
Bredesen, 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 26507 (U.S.D.C. M. D.
Tn. 2004); Wells v. Malloy, 402 F. Supp.
856 (U.S.D.C. Vt. 1975).