Understanding Bias-Based Traffic Law Enforcement:
A Manual To Reduce Bias-Based Traffic Law Enforcement

Understanding Bias-Based Traffic law Enforcement


skip to main content of page Acknowledgments




Traffic Enforcement

Community Outreach

Data Collection


Legislation and Case Law


The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) expresses its appreciation to the following individuals, law enforcement officers, and highway safety agencies whose contributions made the development of this manual possible:

The Hispanic American Police Command Officers Association (HAPCOA)

International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)

The National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives (NOBLE)

National Sheriffs’ Association (NSA)

Charles E. Andrews, Lieutenant Colonel, Assistant Director, Alabama Department of Public Safety

William Arrington,Former Lieutenant Colonel, Deputy Superintendent, Maryland State Police 1

Larry Austin, Lieutenant Colonel, Deputy Director, Florida Highway Patrol

Pamela C. Chapman, Program Analyst, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

Donald L. Carey, Chief of Police, Omaha Police Department

Harry J. Corbitt, Lieutenant Colonel, Deputy Superintendent, New York State Police

Hawthorne Conley, Lieutenant Colonel, Deputy Commissioner, Pennsylvania State Police

David Green, III, Trooper, Alabama State Trooper, Drug Interdiction Team

Keith Hinch, Program Coordinator, National Conference of Black Mayors, Inc.

Jim Hogue, Lieutenant, Lafourche Parish Sheriffs’ Office (National Sheriffs’ Association, NHTSA Officer Leadership Program fellow)

Richard Holden, Colonel, Director, North Carolina Highway Patrol

Earl M. Sweeney, Chairman, Highway Safety Committee, International Association of Chiefs of Police

Jimmy Wilson, President, National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives

Timothy O. Woods, Esq., Director, Research and Development National Sheriffs’ Association


*Lieutenant Colonel Arrington retired from the Maryland State Police and is employed with the Transportation Security Administration


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