GUIDANCE FOR USING RED LIGHT CAMERAS

Federal Highway AdministrationNational Highway Traffic Safety Administration

March 20, 2003


INTRODUCTION

UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEM

PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION

COUNTERMEASURES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS

RED LIGHT CAMERA PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION

REFERENCES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX A PHOTO RED LIGHT ENFORCEMENT LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS

LIST OF TABLES

Table 5-1 SELECTED RED LIGHT CAMERA SYSTEM ACQUISTION,
INSTALLATION, OPERATIONS, AND MAINTENANCE
ALTERNATIVES

Table 5-2 PAYMENT OPTIONS FOR CONTRACTOR OWNED AND OPERATED RED LIGHT CAMERA SYSTEMS

Table 5-3 PAYMENT OPTIONS FOR AGENCY OWNED AND CONTRACTOR OPERATED RED LIGHT CAMERA SYSTEMS

Table 5-4 PUBLIC AWARENESS AND EDUCATION CAMPAIGN ELEMENTS USED BY SELECTED RED LIGHT CAMERA PROGRAMS

Table 5-5 CAMERA UNITS COMPARED

COUNTERMEASURES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS

Based on the results of the engineering study, appropriate cost-effective engineering, educational and traditional enforcement solutions should be applied prior to the decision to use red light running camera technology to enhance intersection safety.

· Intersection Engineering Improvements
Solutions to be considered include, but are not limited to, modifying traffic signal timing, improving signing and marking, improving sight lines, modifying grades and/or grade separation, adjusting the prevailing speeds, changes in surface treatments, altering lane configuration, and replacing the traffic signal with some other form of traffic control device or intersection type.

· Education
A well-designed public information and education campaign will assist motorists and the general public in understanding the safety issues inherent to red light running. It will provide information and data that explain what red light running is, why red light running is dangerous, and what actions are currently being undertaken to reduce the incidence of red light running.

· Enforcement By Law Enforcement Officers
Targeted enforcement by law enforcement officers in patrol cars or using motorcycles can be a cost effective solution to reduce red light running at problem intersections. However, unless an observer and a stopping team are used, officers also must pass through the intersection on a red signal indication.

· Red Light Cameras
If engineering, educational, and traditional enforcement countermeasures are proven to be unsuccessful, red light running camera technologies, if authorized by law, may be considered.

Each of these possible solutions should be considered in order to identify the most appropriate solution to the documented problem at the intersection.