GUIDANCE FOR USING RED LIGHT CAMERAS

Federal Highway AdministrationNational Highway Traffic Safety Administration

March 20, 2003


INTRODUCTION

UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEM

PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION

COUNTERMEASURES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS

RED LIGHT CAMERA PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION

REFERENCES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX A PHOTO RED LIGHT ENFORCEMENT LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS

LIST OF TABLES

Table 5-1 SELECTED RED LIGHT CAMERA SYSTEM ACQUISTION,
INSTALLATION, OPERATIONS, AND MAINTENANCE
ALTERNATIVES

Table 5-2 PAYMENT OPTIONS FOR CONTRACTOR OWNED AND OPERATED RED LIGHT CAMERA SYSTEMS

Table 5-3 PAYMENT OPTIONS FOR AGENCY OWNED AND CONTRACTOR OPERATED RED LIGHT CAMERA SYSTEMS

Table 5-4 PUBLIC AWARENESS AND EDUCATION CAMPAIGN ELEMENTS USED BY SELECTED RED LIGHT CAMERA PROGRAMS

Table 5-5 CAMERA UNITS COMPARED

RED LIGHT CAMERA PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION

Violations Processing Procedure

The violation processing procedure should address the following aspects of the setup and operation of the red light camera equipment and for the processing of the recorded violations and citations issued to photographed violators:

· Delay or "grace" time (enforcement threshold) following completion of the yellow interval to be allowed before violations are recorded.
· Maximum number of days for citations to be mailed from the date of the violation, if different from applicable legal requirements.
· Citations to be issued to commercial or rental car vehicles.
· Minimum vehicle speed threshold.
· Citations issued for certain times or days of week only.
· Maximum number of days for citations to be issued to violators, where identified by registered owners.
· Guidelines for pitch measurement where inductive loops are employed for vehicle detection.
· Clear specification of photographic data requirements for issuing citations, including the red signal indication and the time elapsed since onset of red.

The system design and installation should be consistent with the definition of a violation under the applicable State and/or local laws.

The installation should be consistent with other neighboring intersections under the jurisdiction of the responsible agency, so that vehicle operators are held to a uniform standard throughout the jurisdiction.