GUIDANCE FOR USING RED LIGHT CAMERAS

Federal Highway AdministrationNational Highway Traffic Safety Administration

March 20, 2003


INTRODUCTION

UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEM

PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION

COUNTERMEASURES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS

RED LIGHT CAMERA PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION

REFERENCES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX A PHOTO RED LIGHT ENFORCEMENT LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS

LIST OF TABLES

Table 5-1 SELECTED RED LIGHT CAMERA SYSTEM ACQUISTION,
INSTALLATION, OPERATIONS, AND MAINTENANCE
ALTERNATIVES

Table 5-2 PAYMENT OPTIONS FOR CONTRACTOR OWNED AND OPERATED RED LIGHT CAMERA SYSTEMS

Table 5-3 PAYMENT OPTIONS FOR AGENCY OWNED AND CONTRACTOR OPERATED RED LIGHT CAMERA SYSTEMS

Table 5-4 PUBLIC AWARENESS AND EDUCATION CAMPAIGN ELEMENTS USED BY SELECTED RED LIGHT CAMERA PROGRAMS

Table 5-5 CAMERA UNITS COMPARED

UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEM

Over the last decade, considerable efforts have been made to reduce red light running behavior by motorists in the United States. Research has shown that engineering improvements (5, 6, 7), safety education and increased enforcement by law enforcement officers (8, 9) can significantly improve red light running behavior. In addition, to help supplement traditional law enforcement, many jurisdictions have implemented automated red light camera enforcement systems.

Factors Contributing To Crashes Caused By Red Light Running

Vehicle Characteristics

Intersection Design and Operation

Driver Behavior

Factors Contributing To Crashes Caused By Red Light Running

A number of factors have been identified from research and crash data studies as factors that contribute to crashes caused by red light running:

  • Vehicle characteristics;
  • Intersection design and operation;
  • Weather; and,
  • Driver behavior.