- Thanks to the persons and organizations that
supplied information and assistance, especially Allan Williams, Ph.D. and
Julie Rochman, with the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety and Leila
Osina with the National Committee on Uniform Traffic Laws and Ordinances.
- Notes from States chart on page 21
- * These states have all three NCUTLO core
- In Delaware, a driver education student does
not need a permit to drive with a driver education instructor. After completing
the on-road requirements of driver education, a driver education student
who is at least 15 years, 10 months old may apply for a Driver Education
Learner's Permit, which allows the student to drive while supervised by
an experienced driver. Upon completion of driver education and if the student
both the road and written tests, the student receives a Level 1 permit
that for the first six months allows driving only while supervised. There
also is a passenger restriction in the first six months of the Level 1
permit. No more than two passengers are permitted in addition to the supervising
driver. The Level 1 permit for the second six months is the equivalent
of an intermediate license. During that period, holders may drive unsupervised
between 6 a.m. and 9 p.m. and may only carry two passengers. Applicants
for a driver's license who are younger than age 18 must have held a Driver
Education Learner's Permit and/or a Level 1 permit for at least 12 months.
- In Iowa, there also is a certification for drivers
in the intermediate phase. They must certify that they have had 10 hours
of supervised driving, 2 of which must be at night.
- The Maryland graduated license requirements apply
to new drivers older than age 18 as well as young drivers. The nighttime
driving restriction, however, only applies to intermediate license holders
younger than age 18.
- In New Hampshire, the nighttime driving prohibition
also applies to the learner's phase.
- New Jersey's graduated licensing law applies
to adults, except that the night driving and passenger restrictions are
waived for new drivers ages 21 and older.
- In North Carolina, learner's permit holders may
not drive between 9 p.m. and 5 a.m. for the first six months.
- In South Carolina, the nighttime restriction
applies in the learner's phase as well as in the intermediate phase.
- The holding period is 120 days if the permit
holder completes driver education.
- The Kentucky law prohibits learner's permit holders
from driving between midnight and 6 a.m. There is no nighttime driving
restriction for other license holders.
- Does not meet NCUTLO six-month criterion.
- The license Minnesota issues to 16 year-olds
is provisional for 12 months. Provisional license holders are not subject
to nighttime driving restrictions but are subject to sanctions that do
not apply to regular license holders. Provisional license holders must
certify 10 hours of supervised driving to get a regular license.