Saving Teenage Lives



Thanks to the persons and organizations that supplied information and assistance, especially Allan Williams, Ph.D. and Julie Rochman, with the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety and Leila Osina with the National Committee on Uniform Traffic Laws and Ordinances.
Notes from States chart on page 21
* These states have all three NCUTLO core provisions.
  1. In Delaware, a driver education student does not need a permit to drive with a driver education instructor. After completing the on-road requirements of driver education, a driver education student who is at least 15 years, 10 months old may apply for a Driver Education Learner's Permit, which allows the student to drive while supervised by an experienced driver. Upon completion of driver education and if the student both the road and written tests, the student receives a Level 1 permit that for the first six months allows driving only while supervised. There also is a passenger restriction in the first six months of the Level 1 permit. No more than two passengers are permitted in addition to the supervising driver. The Level 1 permit for the second six months is the equivalent of an intermediate license. During that period, holders may drive unsupervised between 6 a.m. and 9 p.m. and may only carry two passengers. Applicants for a driver's license who are younger than age 18 must have held a Driver Education Learner's Permit and/or a Level 1 permit for at least 12 months.
  2. In Iowa, there also is a certification for drivers in the intermediate phase. They must certify that they have had 10 hours of supervised driving, 2 of which must be at night.
  3. The Maryland graduated license requirements apply to new drivers older than age 18 as well as young drivers. The nighttime driving restriction, however, only applies to intermediate license holders younger than age 18.
  4. In New Hampshire, the nighttime driving prohibition also applies to the learner's phase.
  5. New Jersey's graduated licensing law applies to adults, except that the night driving and passenger restrictions are waived for new drivers ages 21 and older.
  6. In North Carolina, learner's permit holders may not drive between 9 p.m. and 5 a.m. for the first six months.
  7. In South Carolina, the nighttime restriction applies in the learner's phase as well as in the intermediate phase.
  8. The holding period is 120 days if the permit holder completes driver education.
  9. The Kentucky law prohibits learner's permit holders from driving between midnight and 6 a.m. There is no nighttime driving restriction for other license holders.
  10. Does not meet NCUTLO six-month criterion.
  11. The license Minnesota issues to 16 year-olds is provisional for 12 months. Provisional license holders are not subject to nighttime driving restrictions but are subject to sanctions that do not apply to regular license holders. Provisional license holders must certify 10 hours of supervised driving to get a regular license.