Appendix A: Focus Group Screeners

Seattle , Washington , and Fort Lee , New Jersey -Generic Male and Females

Focus Group Screener

Parent Introduction: May I speak to the head of the household, please? We are conducting focus groups with teenage drivers to identify strategies for reducing unsafe driving behaviors in this age group. Is there a teenager aged 15 to 18 in your household? If Yes, Continue If No, TERMINATE

May I have your permission to ask your child some questions to see if he/she would be a candidate for this focus group?

Is your child a boy or a girl?

Boy ______ Proceed to Male Screener

Girl________ Proceed to Female Screener

Generic Male Focus Group Screener

Teen Introduction

We are conducting focus groups on teenage driving. We are interested in finding out what younger drivers think about typical actions that all drivers do and also about what you think might be good ways to get teen drivers to change these behaviors. Would you be interested in participating in this focus group scheduled for Monday, April 19 th at ___________o'clock? If Yes, continue.

Primary Screening Questions

1) How old are you? ______________

If aged between 15-18 – Continue to # 2 (see quotas below) If older or younger: TERMINATE

  • Age 15- (2-3 per group max.)
  • Age 16-(2-3 per group max.)
  • Age 17-(2-3 per group max.)
  • Age 18-(2-3 per group max.)

2) Do you currently have your driver's license ?
Yes___________ Continue to # 3 (8 (out of 12) participants must have driver's license )
No___________ Continue to 2a )

2A) If No, Do you have a learner's permit?

Yes_______ Continue to 2B
No ________ Terminate

2B) If Yes, Have you any “behind-the-wheel” experience?

Yes_______ Continue (3 per group max.)
No ________ Terminate

Secondary Screening Questions :

From here on, the goal is to get even distribution of the following:

4) What is your race?

Caucasian __________ (7 per group)
African American _________ (3-4 per group)
Hispanic and other minority __________(2 to 3 per group)

5) Which of the following describes your home?
Single family detached house __________( 3 to 4 per group)
Apartment __________(3 to 4 per group )
Duplex or townhouse __________(3 to 4 per group )

6) Do you own a cell phone ?

Yes__________ (At least 6 )
No___________(No more than 6 )

Confirm date and time of focus group. Remind participants that they must bring their driver's licenses or learner's permits with them to the focus group.

Generic Female Focus Group Screener Teen Introduction

We are conducting focus groups on teenage driving. We are interested in finding out what younger drivers think about typical actions that all drivers do and also about what you think might be good ways to get teen drivers to change these behaviors. Would you be interested in participating in this focus group scheduled for Tuesday, April 20 th at ________________o'clock? If Yes, continue.

Primary Screening Questions

1) How old are you? ______________

If aged between 15-18 – Continue to # 2 (see quotas below)

  • Age 15- (2-3 per group max.)
  • Age 16-(2-3 per group max.)
  • Age 17-(2-3 per group max.)
  • Age 18-(2-3 per group max.)

If older or younger: TERMINATE

2) Do you currently have your driver's license?

Yes___________ Continue to # 3 (8 of 12 participants must have driver license) No___________ Continue to 2a)

2A ) If No, Do you have a learner's permit ?
Yes_______ Continue to 2 B
No ________ Terminate

2B) If Yes, Have you any “behind-the-wheel” experience ?
Yes_______ Continue (3 per group max. )
No ________ Terminate

Secondary Screening Questions :

From here on, the goal is to get even distribution of the following:

4) What is your race?

Caucasian __________ (7 per group )
African American _________ (3-4 per group )
Hispanic and other minority __________(2 to 3 per group )

5) Which of the following describes your home ?
Single family detached house __________ ( 3 to 4 per group )
Apartment __________(3 to 4 per group )
Duplex or townhouse __________(3 to 4 per group )

6) Do you own a cell phone? Yes__________ (At least 6) No___________(No more than 6)

Confirm date and time of focus group. Remind participants that they must bring their driver's licenses or learner's permits with them to the focus group.

Generic Male and Female Affinity Group Screeners

Parent Introduction: May I speak to the head of the household, please? We are conducting focus groups with teenage drivers to identify strategies for reducing unsafe driving behaviors in this age group. Is there a teenager aged 15 to 18 in your household? If Yes, Continue If No, TERMINATE

May I have your permission to ask your child some questions to see if he/she would be a candidate for this focus group?

Is your child a boy or a girl?

If female, use the screener below; If male, jump to Male Affinity Group Screener

Female Affinity Group Screener

Teen Introduction

We are conducting focus groups on teenage driving. We are interested in finding out what younger drivers think about typical actions that all drivers do and also about what you think might be good ways to get teen drivers to change these behaviors. We are specifically looking for someone who has four or five friends (of the same sex) who would be willing to participate in a discussion with us. Would you be interested in recruiting some of your girl friends for a discussion to be held on Tuesday April 20 h at ____________o'clock? If yes, continue.

1) How old are you? ______________

If aged between 15-18 – Continue to # 2

If older or younger: TERMINATE

2) Do you currently have your driver's license?

Yes______________ Continue
No_______________ Terminate

3) How long have you had your driver's license?

Less than 6 months ______________Terminate
For 6 months or longer_____________ Continue

4) What is your race?

Caucasian __________Continue
African American _________ Terminate
Hispanic and other minority __________Terminate

5) Which of the following describes your home?

Single family detached house __________Continue
Apartment __________Terminate
Duplex or townhouse __________Terminate

6) Do you own a cell phone?

Yes____________ Continue
No_____________ Terminate

All of the friends you bring with you to the focus group must also have driver's licenses and they must bring them with them to the focus group.

Can you give me the names of the friends you will be inviting to the focus group?

______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

Confirm date and time of affinity group discussion.

It will be necessary to follow up with the individual who is bringing the friends before the affinity group to confirm that she can bring four or five female friends.

Generic Male Affinity Group Screener

Teen Introduction

We are conducting focus groups on teenage driving. We are interested in finding out what younger drivers think about typical actions that all drivers do and also about what you think might be good ways to get teen drivers to change these behaviors. We are specifically looking for someone who has four or five friends (of the same sex) who would be willing to participate in a discussion with us. Would you be interested in recruiting some of your male friends for a discussion to be held on Monday, April 19th at ____________o'clock? If yes continue.

1) How old are you? ______________

If aged between 15-18 – Continue to # 2

If older or younger: TERMINATE

2) Do you currently have your driver's license?

Yes______________ Continue
No_______________ Terminate

3) How long have you had your driver's license?

Less than 6 months ______________Terminate
For 6 months or longer_____________ Continue

4) What is your race?

Caucasian __________Continue
African American _________ Terminate
Hispanic and other minority __________Terminate

5) Which of the following describes your home?

Single family detached house __________Continue
Apartment __________Terminate
Duplex or townhouse __________Terminate

6) Do you own a cell phone?

Yes____________ Continue
No_____________ Terminate

All of the friends you bring with you to the focus group must also have driver's licenses and they must bring them with them to the focus group.

Can you give me the names of the friends you will be inviting to the focus group?

______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

Confirm the date and time of the affinity group discussion.

It will be necessary to follow up with the individual who is bringing the friends before the affinity group to confirm that he can bring four or five male friends

Risky and Safer Driver Screeners

FOCUS GROUP SCREENERS

Parent Introduction: May I speak to the head of the household, please? We are conducting focus groups with teenage drivers to identify strategies for reducing unsafe driving behaviors in this age group. Is there a boy aged 15 to 18 in your household?

If Yes, Continue If No TERMINATE

May I have your permission to ask your child some questions to see if he would be a candidate for this focus group? If yes Continue, If no Terminate

Teen Introduction

We are conducting focus groups on teenage driving. We are interested in finding out what younger drivers think about typical actions that all drivers do and also about what you think might be good ways to get teen drivers to change these behaviors. Would you be interested in participating in this focus group scheduled for Wednesday or Thursday, April 21 st or 22 nd ? If Yes, continue.

Primary Screening Questions

1) How old are you? ______________ If aged between 15-18 – Continue to # 2 (see quotas below)

  • Age 15- (2-3 per group max.)
  • Age 16-(2-3 per group max.)
  • Age 17-(2-3 per group max.)
  • Age 18-(2-3 per group max.)

If older or younger: TERMINATE

2) Do you currently have your driver's license?

Yes___________ Continue to # 3 (8 of 12 participants must have driver's license)
No___________ Continue to 2a)

2A ) If No, Do you have a learner's permit ?

Yes_______ Continue to 2B
No ________ Terminate

2B) If Yes, Have you any “behind-the-wheel” experience ?

Yes_______ Continue (3 per group max.)
No ________ Terminate

If yes, Continue to Risk-Taking Screening Questions

Risk-Taking Screening Questions

The next group of questions is deigned to assign males to either Risk-Taking Group or Safer Group.

Please note that these questions must be asked of the teenager himself, not of the parent or guardian.

Assign to Risk-Taking Group if respondent has four or more risk factors from the following questions

3) When you drive, do you always, sometimes, or never wear your safety belt?

Always ______________
Sometimes______________ (Count as 1 Risk factor)
Never__________________ (Count as 1 Risk Factor)

4) In the past twelve months, since March of last year, have you been stopped by police for ANY traffic-related reason while driving?

Yes___________ (Count as 2 Risk Factors)
No_____________

5) In general, do you think most highway speed limits are too low, too high, or about right?

Too Low______________(Count as 1 Risk Factor)
Too High______________
About Right______________ 6)

Would you say the driving of most other drivers is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?

Excellent____________ _
Very Good___________ _
Good_________________ _
Fair_________________ _
Poor___________________(Count as 1 Risk Factor )

7) Which statement best describes your highway driving?

"I tend to pass other cars more often than other cars pass me.”______________(Count as 1 Risk Factor)

"Other cars tend to pass me more often than I pass them.”_______________

8) In the past 30 days, have you driven a vehicle when you thought you might have consumed too much alcohol to drive safely?

Yes__________ (Count as 2 Risk Factors)
No___________

9) In the past 30 days, have you ridden in vehicle when you thought the driver might have consumed too much alcohol to drive safely?

Yes_________________ (Count as 1 Risk Factor)
No__________________

Count the number of risk factors:

______If 4 or more risk factors present, assign to Risky Male Focus Group and proceed with Risky Male Secondary Screening Questions.

______If fewer than 4 risk factors present, assign to Safer Male Focus Group and jump to Safer Male Secondary Screening Questions.

Risky Male Secondary Screening Questions

(From here on, the goal is to get a balanced distribution for the group based on the responses to the following questions.)

10) What is your race?

Caucasian __________ (7 per group )
African American _________ (3-4 per group )
Hispanic and other minority __________(2 to 3 per group )

11) Which of the following describes your home ?

Single family detached house __________( 3 to 4 per grou p
Apartment __________(3 to 4 per grou p
Duplex or townhouse __________(3 to 4 per group )

12) Do you own a cell phone?

Yes__________ (At least 6)
No___________(No more than 6)

The focus group will be held on Wednesday April 21 st at ________________o'clock. Can you attend at that time?

Remind participants that they must bring their driver's licenses or learner's permits with them to the focus group.

Safer Male Secondary Screening Question

(From here on, the goal is to get a balanced distribution for the group based on the responses to the following questions.)

10) What is your race?

Caucasian __________(7 per group )
African American _________(3-4 per group )
Hispanic and other minority __________(2 to 3 per group )

11) Which of the following describes your home ?

Single family detached house __________( 3 to 4 per group )
Apartment __________(3 to 4 per group )
Duplex or townhouse __________(3 to 4 per group )

12) Do you own a cell phone?

Yes__________ (At least 6)
No___________(No more than 6)

The focus group will be held on Thursday April 22 nd at _____________o'clock. Can you attend on that date and time?

Remind participants that they must bring their driver's licenses or learner's permits with them to the focus group.

AFFINITY GROUP SCREENERS

Parent Introduction: May I speak to the head of the household, please? We are conducting focus groups with teenage drivers to identify strategies for reducing unsafe driving behaviors in this age group. Is there a boy aged 15 to 18 in your household? If Yes, Continue If No, TERMINATE

May I have your permission to ask your child some questions to see if he would be a candidate for this focus group?

Teen Introduction

We are conducting focus groups on teenage driving. We are interested in finding out what younger drivers think about typical actions that all drivers do and also about what you think might be good ways to get teen drivers to change these behaviors. We are specifically looking for someone who has four or five friends (of the same sex) who would be willing to participate in a discussion with us. Would you be interested in recruiting some of your male friends for a discussion to be held on Wednesday, April 21 st or Thursday April 22 nd ? If yes, continue.

1) How old are you? ______________

If aged between 15-18: Continue to # 2

If older or younger: TERMINATE

2) Do you currently have your driver's license?

Yes______________ Continu e
No_______________ Terminat e

3) How long have you had your driver's license?

Less than 6 months ______________Terminate
For 6 months or longer_____________ Continue

4) What is your race?

Caucasian __________Continue
African American _________ Terminate
Hispanic and other minority __________Terminate

5) Which of the following describes your home?

Single family detached house __________Continue
Apartment __________Terminate
Duplex or townhouse __________Terminate

6) Do you own a cell phone?

Yes____________ Continue
No_____________ Terminate

Risk-Taking Screening Questions

The next group of questions is designed to assign males to either Risk-Taking Group or Safer Group.

Please note that these questions must be asked of the teenager himself, not of the parent or guardian.

7) When you drive, do you always, sometimes, or never wear your safety belt?

Always ______________
Sometimes______________ (Count as 1 Risk factor)
Never__________________ (Count as 1 Risk Factor)

8) In the past twelve months, since March of last year, have you been stopped by police for ANY traffic-related reason while driving?

Yes___________ (Count as 2 Risk Factors)
No_____________

9) In general, do you think most highway speed limits are too low, too high, or about right?

Too Low______________(Count as 1 Risk Factor)
Too High______________
About Right______________

10) Would you say the driving of most other drivers is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?

Excellent____________ _
Very Good___________ _
Good_________________ _
Fair_________________ _
Poor___________________(Count as 1 Risk Factor )

11) Which statement best describes your highway driving?

"I tend to pass other cars more often than other cars pass me.”______________(Count as 1 Risk Factor) "Other cars tend to pass me more often than I pass them.”_______________

12) In the past 30 days, have you driven a vehicle when you thought you might have consumed too much alcohol to drive safely?

Yes__________ (Count as 2 Risk Factors)
No___________

13) In the past 30 days, have you ridden in vehicle when you thought the driver might have consumed too much alcohol to drive safely?

Yes_________________ (Count as 1 Risk Factor)
No__________________

Count the number of risk factors:

______If 4 or more risk factors present, assign to Risky Male Affinity Group and proceed with Risky Male Affinity Group Member Questions.

______If fewer than 4 risk factors present, assign to Safer Male Affinity Group and jump to Safer Male Affinity Group Member Questions. Safer Male Affinity Group Member Questions

All of the friends you bring with you to the focus group must also have driver's licenses and they must bring them with them to the focus group.

Can you give me the names of the friends you will be inviting to the focus group?

______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

Confirm date and time of affinity group discussion.

It will be necessary to follow up with the individual who is bringing the friends before the affinity group to confirm that he can bring four or five male friends.