Model Driver Screening and Evaluation Program
Volume III: Guidelines for Motor Vehicle Administrators

 

Appendix B: 
License Renewal Requirements
(Passenger Vehicle Drivers)

State 2001 Licensing Renewal Requirements and Distinctions for Older Drivers*
Alabama 4-year renewal cycle (in-person). No tests for renewal. Minimum acuity 20/60 in one eye with/without corrective lenses. May not use bioptic telescopic lens to meet acuity standard. No special requirements for older drivers.
Alaska 5-year renewal cycle (mail-in every other cycle). No renewal by mail for drivers age 69+ and to drivers whose prior renewal was by mail. Vision test required at in-person renewal. Minimum 20/40 in one eye for unrestricted license. 20/40 to 20/100 needs report from eye specialist; license request determined by discretion. May use bioptic telescopic lens under certain conditions.
Arizona 12-year renewal cycle. At age 65, reduction of interval to 5 years. New photograph and vision test at renewal; no renewal by mail after age 70 (available to active duty veterans and dependents only). Minimum acuity 20/40 in one eye required; acuity of 20/60 restricted to daytime only. May not use bioptic telescopic lens to meet acuity standard
Arkansas 4-year renewal cycle. Vision test required at renewal, with minimum 20/40 required for unrestricted license. Acuity of 20/60 restricted to daytime only. Bioptic telescopes permitted under certain circumstances. No special requirements for older drivers.
California 5-year renewal cycle (may be mail-in for no more than 2 sequential cycles) with vision test and written knowledge test required. No renewal by mail at age 70. Minimum visual acuity is 20/200 (best corrected) in at least one eye, as verified by an optometrist or ophthalmologist. Bioptic lenses are permitted for driving, but may not be used to meet 20/200 acuity standard.
Colorado 10 year renewal cycle (mail-in every other cycle). At age 61, reduction in renewal to 5 years. No renewal by mail at age 66. Vision test required at renewal. Written test required only if point accumulations result in suspension (12 points in 12 mo., or 18 points in 24 mo., for non-minor and non-commercial drivers). Minimum acuity must be 20/70 in the better eye if worse eye is 20/200 or better; 20/40 if worse eye is worse than 20/200. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet acuity standard
Connecticut 4-year renewal cycle (in person). Vision test required at in-person. 20/40 required in better eye for unrestricted license; 20/50 to 20/70 restricted license; under some circumstances, a license may be issued when acuity is 20/200. No license may be issued to drivers using telescopic aids. Reduction of interval to 2 years may be requested by drivers age 65+.
Delaware 5-year renewal cycle (in-person). No tests required for renewal. Minimum acuity 20/40 for unrestricted license; restricted license at 20/50; beyond 20/50 driving privileges denied. Bioptic telescopes treated on case-by-case basis. No special requirements for older drivers.
District of Columbia 4-year renewal cycle (in-person). Unrestricted license for 20/40 acuity; 20/70 in better eye requires 140 E visual field for restricted license. At age 70, vision test required and physician signature attesting to physical and mental capability to drive; a medical report plus reaction test may also be required. At age 75 written knowledge and road tests may be required.
Florida 6-year renewal cycle for clean driving record; 4-year renewal cycle for unclean record. In-person renewal required every 3rd cycle. Vision test at in-person renewal. Must have 20/70 in either eye with or without corrective lenses. Monocular persons need 20/40 in fellow eye. Bioptic telescopes are not recognized to meet acuity standard. No special requirements for older drivers.
Georgia 4-year renewal cycle (in-person). Vision test required for renewal (within prior 6-month period). Acuity 20/60 in either eye with or without corrective lenses. Bioptic telescopes permitted for best acuity as low as 20/200, with restrictions. No special requirements for older drivers.
Hawaii 6-year renewal cycle for drivers ages 18 to 71 (in-person). Vision test required, with 20/40 standard for better eye. Bioptic telescopes permitted for driving, but not for passing vision test. Reduction of interval to 2 years for drivers age 72+.
Idaho 4-year renewal cycle (mail-in every other renewal). Vision test required: 20/40 in better eye for no restrictions; 20/50 - 20/60 requires annual testing; 20/70 denied license. Use of bioptic telescopes is acceptable, but acuity must reach 20/40. Driving test may be required if examiner thinks it is needed. No renewal by mail after age 69.
Illinois 4-year renewal cycle for ages 21 to 80 (mail-in every other cycle for drivers with clean records and no medical report review requirements). Vision test at in-person renewal: 20/40 in better eye for no restrictions; 20/70 in better eye results in daylight only restriction. May have 20/100 in better eye and 20/40 through bioptic telescope. Written test every 8 years unless clean driving record. From ages 81 to 86, reduction of interval to 2 years. At age 87, reduction of interval to 1 year. No renewal by mail, vision test required, and on-road driving test required at age 75+.
Indiana 4-year renewal cycle (in-person). Vision screening at renewal, including acuity and peripheral vision. 20/40 in better eye for no restriction; restricted license for 20/50. Bioptic telescope lenses permitted for best acuity as low as 20/200, with some restrictions, if 20/40 achieved with telescope. At age 75 renewal cycle reduced to 3 years. (Mandatory drive test for persons age 75+ eliminated 1/19/00). Drive test required for persons with 14 points or 3 convictions in 12-month period.
Iowa Renewal cycle of 2 years or 4 years at driver's option. Vision screening at renewal: 20/40 in better eye, with or without corrective lenses; 20/50 in better eye results in restricted license for daylight only; 20/70 in better eye results in restricted license for daylight only up to 35 mi/h. Bioptic telescopes are not permitted to meet acuity requirement. At age 70, renewal cycle is 2 years.
Kansas 6-year renewal cycle for ages 16-64 (in-person). Vision and knowledge test at renewal. Minimum acuity: 20/40 better eye; 20/60 better eye with doctor report; worse than 20/60 must demonstrate ability to operate vehicle safely and have safe record for 3 years. At age 65, renewal every 4 years.
Kentucky 4-year renewal cycle (in-person). No tests required for renewal. Minimum visual acuity 20/200 or better with corrective lenses in better eye; 20/60 or better using a bioptic telescopic device. No special requirements for older drivers.
Louisiana 4-year renewal cycle (mail-in every other cycle). Vision test at renewal. Minimum acuity 20/40 in better eye for unrestricted; 20/50 - 20/70 with restrictions; 20/70 - 20/100 possible restricted license; less than 20/100 in better eye - referred to Medical Advisory Board (MAB). No renewal by mail to drivers over age 70, or those with a conviction of moving violation in 2-year period prior to renewal.
Maine 6-year renewal cycle. At age 65, renew every 4 years. Vision screening test at renewal for age 40, 52, and 65; every 4 years after age 65. Minimum acuity 20/40 better eye without restrictions; 20/70 better eye with restrictions.
Maryland 5-year renewal cycle. Vision tests required for renewal (binocular, acuity, peripheral). Minimum acuity of at least 20/40 plus continuous field of vision at least 140E in each eye for unrestricted license; at least 20/70 in one or both eyes for restricted, but requires continuous field of view of at least 110E with at least 35E lateral to the midline of each side; 20/70-20/100 requires special permission from MAB. Medical report required for new drivers over age 70. (Maryland law specifies that age alone is not grounds for re-examination of older drivers).
Massachusetts 5-year renewal cycle (in-person). Vision screening at renewal: 20/40 better eye for unrestricted; 20/70 better eye for restricted; 20/40 through telescope, 20/100 through carrier. No special requirements for older drivers (Massachusetts law prohibits discrimination by reason of age for licensing issues.)
Michigan 4-year renewal cycle (mail-in every other cycle if free of convictions). Vision and knowledge test at renewal. Minimum acuity 20/40 better eye for unrestricted; 20/70 better eye with daylight only restriction; 20/60 if progressive abnormalities or diseases of the eye. No special requirements for older drivers.
Minnesota 4-year renewal cycle. Vision test at renewal: 20/40 in better eye for no restrictions; 20/70 in better eye for speed limit restrictions; 20/100 better eye referred to driver evaluation unit. No special requirements for older drivers. (Minnesota law specifies that age alone is not justification for reexamination.)
Mississippi 4-year renewal cycle (in-person). Vision test at renewal: 20/200 best corrected without telescope; 20/70 with telescope. No special requirements for older drivers.
Missouri 6-year renewal cycle (in-person). At age 70, reduction in renewal cycle to 3 years. Vision test and traffic sign recognition test required at renewal. Minimum acuity: 20/40 in better eye for unrestricted; up to 20/160 for restricted.
Montana 8-year renewal cycle for ages 21-67. Vision test at renewal: 20/40 in better eye for no restrictions; 20/70 in better eye with restrictions on daylight and speed; 20/100 in better eye possible restricted license if need is shown. For ages 68-74, renewal cycle reduced to 1-6 years. At age 75, renewal cycle reduced to 4 years.
Nebraska 5-year renewal cycle. Vision test at renewal: Knowledge test if violations on record. Acuity 20/40 required in better eye, but 17 restrictions are used, depending on vision in each eye. No special requirements for older drivers.
Nevada 4-year renewal cycle (mail-in every other cycle, if qualified). Minimum acuity 20/40 in better eye. Bioptic telescopes permitted to meet acuity standard: 20/40 through telescope, 20/120 through carrier, 130E visual field. Vision test and medical report required to renew by mail at age 70
New Hampshire 4-year renewal cycle (in-person). Vision test at renewal: 20/40 better eye for unrestricted; 20/70 in better eye with restrictions. At age 75, road test required at renewal.
New Jersey 4-year renewal cycle (10-year in person digitized photo licenses will be implemented in 2003). Periodic vision retest: 20/50 better eye; 20/70 in better eye with restrictions. Bioptic telescope permitted to meet acuity standard. No special requirements for older drivers.
New Mexico 4- or 8-year renewal cycle. Drivers may not apply for 8-year license if they will reach the age of 75 during the last 4 years of the 8-year period. Vision test required for renewal; knowledge and driving test may be required Minimum acuity: 20/40 better eye; 20/80 better eye with restrictions.
New York 5-year renewal cycle. No tests for renewal. Minimum best corrected acuity 20/40 in one eye; 20/40 - 20/70 best corrected one eye requires minimum 140E horizontal visual field; 20/80 - 20/100 best corrected in one eye requires minimum 140E horizontal visual field plus 20/40 through bioptic telescopic lens. No special requirements for older drivers.
North Carolina 5-year renewal cycle (in-person). Vision and traffic sign recognition tests required for renewal. Acuity 20/40 in better eye required for unrestricted; 20/70 better eye with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes are not permitted for meeting acuity standard, but are permitted for driving. No special requirements for older drivers, except that people age 60+ are not required to parallel park in the road test.
North Dakota 4-year renewal cycle. Vision test required for renewal: 20/40 better eye for unrestricted; 20/70 in better eye with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes permitted to meet acuity standard: 20/130 in carrier, 20/40 in telescope, full peripheral field. No special requirements for older drivers.
Ohio 4-year renewal cycle. Vision test required for renewal: 20/40 better eye for unrestricted; 20/70 better eye with restrictions; bioptic telescopes permitted to meet acuity standards. No special requirements for older drivers.
Oklahoma 4-year renewal cycle (in person). No tests for renewal. Minimum acuity: 20/40 better eye for unrestricted; 20/100 better eye with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes not permitted to meet acuity standard, but may be used for driving. No special requirements for older drivers.
Oregon 8-year renewal cycle (mail-in every other cycle). Vision screening test once every 8 years at age 50+. Minimum acuity: 20/40 better eye for unrestricted; 20/70 better eye with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes not permitted to meet acuity standard, but may be used for driving.
Pennsylvania 4-year renewal cycle. Drivers age 65+ may renew every 2 years. Random physical examinations for all drivers age 45+; most selected are over age 65. Minimum acuity: 20/40 better eye for unrestricted; up to 20/100 combined vision with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes not permitted to meet acuity standards, but may be used for driving.
Rhode Island 5-year renewal cycle. Vision test required for renewal: 20/40 better eye. At age 70, renewal cycle reduced to 2 years.
South Carolina 5-year renewal cycle (in-person). Renewal by mail if no violations in past 2 years, and license is not suspended, revoked, or canceled. Vision test and knowledge test required if > 5 points on record. Minimum acuity: 20/40 better eye for unrestricted; 20/70 in better eye if worse eye is 20/200 or better; 20/40 if worse eye is worse than 20/200. Bioptic telescopes not permitted to meet acuity standard, but may be used for driving. No special requirements for older drivers.
South Dakota 5-year renewal cycle. Vision test required for renewal: 20/40 better eye for unrestricted; 20/60 better eye with restrictions. No special requirements for older drivers.
Tennessee 5-year renewal cycle (mail-in every other cycle). Minimum acuity: 20/30 better eye; 20/70 better eye with restrictions; 20/200 better eye requires bioptic telescopes with 20/60 through the telescope. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet standard. No tests required for renewal. No special requirements for older drivers.
Texas 6-year renewal cycle (effective 01/01/02; staggered 4 to 6 years until 2002). Vision test required for renewal: 20/40 better eye; 20/70 better eye with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet acuity standard, and driver must pass a road test. No special requirements for older drivers.
Utah 5-year renewal cycle (mail-in every other cycle if: no suspensions, no revocations, no convictions for reckless driving and no more than 4 reportable violations). Vision test required for drivers age 65+, every renewal. Minimum acuity: 20/40 for unrestricted; 20/100 in better eye with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes are not permitted to meet acuity standard.
Vermont 2-year or 4-year renewal cycle. Minimum acuity: 20/40 in better eye; bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standard, and driver must pass road test. No tests for renewal. No special requirements for older drivers.
Virginia 5-year renewal cycle (mail-in every other cycle unless suspended or revoked, 2+ violations, seizures/blackouts, DMV medical review indicator on license, failed vision test). Vision test required for renewal. Minimum acuity: 20/40 better eye for unrestricted; 20/200 with restrictions; bioptic telescopes are permitted with 20/200 through carrier, 20/70 through telescope. Knowledge and road test required if 2+ violations in 5 years. No special requirements for older drivers.
Washington 5-year renewal cycle (in-person). Vision test required for renewal. Minimum acuity 20/40 better eye; 20/70 better eye with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet acuity standards. Other tests may be required if License Service Representative deems it necessary. No special requirements for older drivers.
West Virginia 5-year renewal cycle. Minimum acuity: 20/60 better eye; if worse than 20/60, optometrist or ophthalmologist must declare ability to be safe. Bioptic telescopes are not permitted to meet acuity standard, but may be used for driving. No tests required for renewal. No special requirements for older drivers.
Wisconsin 8-year renewal cycle (in person). Minimum acuity: 20/40 better eye; 20/100 better eye with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes are not permitted to meet acuity standards, but may be used for driving. Vision test required for renewal. No special requirements for older drivers.
Wyoming 4-year renewal cycle (mail-in every other cycle). Vision test required for renewal (for both mail in and in person). Minimum acuity; 20/40 better eye; 20/100 better eye with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet acuity standard. No special requirements for older drivers.

 

Province 2001 Licensing Renewal Requirements and Distinctions for Older Drivers*
Alberta No mandatory retesting; medical review & vision test at age 75, 80, and every 2 years thereafter.
British Columbia No mandatory retesting; medical review at age 80, and every 2 years thereafter.
Manitoba Annual license renewal. No mandatory retesting; no periodic medical review. Minimum acuity of 6/12 (20/40) minus 2 in the better eye with or without correction. May drive with restrictions with acuity of 6/12 (20/40) minus 3, to 6/18 (20/60) minus 2 in the better eye. Telescopic lenses not eligible for any class of license. .Minimum horizontal field require-ment of 120ú with both eyes tested together or tested separately and results superimposed. Visual fields to be measured at or 10ú above or below fixation. Standards exist for hemianopsia and quadtratic field defects; color perception; and diplopia. Drivers with depth perception and diabetic retinopathy impairments must meet visual acuity and field standards. Upon recommendation from a physician, mature drivers can be requested to complete medical, vision, or oral test.
New Brunswick 4-year renewal for passenger vehicle license (may be renewed by mail). No tests required for renewal. Minimum visual acuity (corrected) must be at least 20/40 in at least one eye. No special requirements for older drivers.
Newfoundland & Labrador 5-year renewal cycle (may be by mail if current photo is on file). No tests required for renewal. Drivers age 75 must present a medical exam form from their physician to renew their licenses. Drivers age 80 must provide a medical report every 2 years.
Northwest Territories No mandatory retesting; medical review at ages 75, 80, and every 2 years thereafter.
Nova Scotia No mandatory retesting; no periodic medical review; drivers over 65 involved in a collision must take a written and on-road test.
Nunavut 5-year renewal cycle (in person). No tests required for renewal unless medical concerns have been identified. No special requirements for older drivers.
Ontario 5-year renewal cycle (in person). At age 80, renewal every 2 years. Mail-in renewal is an option for drivers with no testing requirements who have had photo taken within past 2 years. Mandatory written knowledge test, vision test, and participation in a 90-minute group education session on safe driving at age 80 and every two years thereafter; includes driver record review. Senior drivers may be required to pass a road test before being relicensed if they have an excessive number of demerit points showing on their record. Some drivers may be required to pass a road test before being re-licensed if, in the opinion of the instructor, they may represent a safety risk. Collision-involved drivers age 70+ who are convicted of a collision-related offense must take mandatory vision, knowledge, and road tests. Vision requirements include 20/40 acuity in better eye, with or without corrective lenses, and 120ú peripheral vision. No periodic medical review requirement, however, under Section 203 of Highway Traffic Act physicians required to report any patient aged 16 and over with a medical condition that may make driving dangerous. Medical report may be required on a cyclical basis if there is evidence of a medical condition that may eventually interfere with safe operation of motor vehicle.
Prince Edward Island 3-year renewal cycle (may be renewed by mail, but regular renewal is in-person). No tests required for renewal. Minimum acuity for original license 20/40 in better eye. No special requirements for older drivers. Upon recommendation from the police, physician, or family member, mature drivers can be requested to complete medical, vision, or oral test.
Quebec 2-year renewal cycle (may be renewed by mail, but driver must come to a service center every 4 years to have a picture taken). At ages 75, 80, and every 2 years thereafter, drivers must present a medical examination and optometric report (with acceptable exam results) when renewing. No tests required for renewal, but a declaration of illness or impairment that has not been previously reported must be reported upon renewal. Visual requirements for licensing include 20/40 vision with or without glasses in at least one eye, and minimum field of vision of 120 degrees.
Saskatchewan Annual renewals required for all drivers (may be renewed by mail). No tests required for renewal unless driver's license indicates that an annual vision, road, or medical exam is required. When a license is issued or renewed, any medical condition that may affect a driver's ability to drive must be reported to SGI. If the license indicated that an annual medical exam report is required, that a medical report must be presented at the time of renewal. Minimum visual requirements for passenger vehicle driver license: 20/50 with both eyes examined together (aided or unaided); field of vision must measure a minimum of 120 degrees (both eyes measured together). No special requirements for older drivers. Upon recommendation from the police, physician, or family member, mature drivers can be requested to complete medical, vision, or oral test.
Yukon No mandatory retesting; medical review and vision test at age 70, every 2 years to age 80, annually thereafter.

*Information about each jurisdiction was obtained from one or more of the following sources: DMV licensing official, DMV website, DMV Driverís Manual, research report, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.

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