Technical Documentation Page
Purpose of Section 154
Open Container Law Incentives
Open Container Law Conformance Criteria
Status of Conformance: October 2000
Evaluation of the Effects of Open Container
Public Opinion Concerning Open Container
Appendix A: Data Tables
Table 1: Summary of Previous Open Container Laws In the First Four
States to Enact Laws to Conform with TEA-21 Requirements
Figure 1: Percent of All Fatal Crashes That Were Alcohol-Involved:
Six-Month Period After Enforcement Began Compared to the Same Period in
the Previous Year
Figure 2: Nighttime Hit-and-Run Crashes: Six-Month Period After
Enforcement Began Compared to the Same Period in the Previous Year
Figure 3: Percent of All Fatal Crashes
That Were Alcohol-Involved
Figure 4: Percent of Residents Who Believe
Their States Should Have An Open Container Law
- Lewis, N.O., Lapham, S.C., and Skipper, B.J. Drive-up liquor windows
and convicted drunk drivers: A comparative analysis of place of purchase.
Accident Analysis and Prevention (30) 6, pp. 763-772, 1998.
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Multiple Imputation
of Missing Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Values in FARS. Research
Note: U.S Department of Transportation (NHTSA), October 1998.
- Ross, H.L. Confronting Drunk Driving: Social Policy for Saving
Lives. Yale University Press: New Haven, CT, 1992.
- Royal, D. National Survey of Drinking and Driving, Attitudes and
Behavior: 1999, U.S Department of Transportation (NHTSA), December
- Segars, L. and Ryan, M. Survey of off-site purchase and consumption
locations of convicted drinking drivers. Unpublished report. San Diego
County Department of Health Services, 1986.
- Stuster, J. and Burns, M. Validation of the Standardized Field
Sobriety Test Battery at BACs Below 0.10 Percent. U.S. Department
of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Report
DOT HS 809 839, August 1998.
- U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration,
Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) Web Site, www.fhwa.dot.gov/tea21,
March 2000 update. [Note: Some material from this source is used in
this report with only minor modification to ensure accuracy when discussing
- Wittman, F. Local control of alcohol availability to prevent alcohol
problems: Challenges for city and county planners. Unpublished paper.
Prevention Research Center: Berkeley, CA, 1986.