American Psychiatric Association. (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV). Washington, D.C.

General Accounting Office (1987) Drinking age laws: an evaluation synthesis of their impact on highway safety. GAO PEMD 87-100, Washington, DC.

Grant B.F.; Harford T.C. and Stinson F. Age at onset of alcohol use and DSM IV alcohol abuse and dependence, a twelve-year follow up, Journal of Substance Abuse (under review).

Grant B.F., Harford F.C., Dawson D.A., Chou P.S. and Pickerling R.P. (1995) The alcohol use disorder and associated disabilities interview schedule: reliability of alcohol and drug modules in a general population sample, Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 39, 37-44.

Grant, B. (1998) The impact of family history of alcoholism on the relationship between age at onset of alcohol use and DSM-III alcohol dependence, Alcohol Health and Research World. 22, 2, 144 - 147.

Grant, B. F. and Hasin, D.S. (1992) The alcohol use disorders and associated disabilities interview schedule. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Rockville, Maryland.

Hingson R., Heeren T., Jamanka A., and Howland J., Age of drinking onset and unintentional injury involvement after drinking, Journal of the American Medical Association (In Press).

Koch G.G., Freeman D.H. and Freeman J.L. (1975) Strategies in the multi variate analysis of data from complex surveys, International Statistical Review. 43, 59-78.

Lui S., Seigel P., Brewer R., Mokdad A, Sleet D., and Serduda M., (1997) Prevalence of alcohol impaired driving: results from a national self reported survey, Journal of the American Medical Association. 272, 2, 123-125.

Massey, J.T., Parsons, V.L., and Tadros W. (1989) Design and estimation for the national health interview survey, 1985 - 1994, Vital and Health Statistics Report Series 2(10), National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Hyattsville, MD 

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (1996) National Survey of Drinking and Driving Attitudes and Behavior, DOT HS 808 438. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (1999) Traffic Safety Facts, 1998: Alcohol, DOT HS 808 950. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

O' Malley, P. and Wagenaar, A. (1991) Effects of minimum drinking age laws on alcohol use, related behaviors, and traffic crash involvement among American youth., J. of Alcohol Studies. 52, 478 - 491.

O'Malley, P.M. and Johnston, L.D. (1999) Drinking and driving among high school seniors. American Journal of Public Health. 89, 5, 678-684.

Shah, B.V., Barnwell, B.G., and Bieler, G.S. (1996) SUDAAN User's Manual, Release 7.0,. Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Secretary (1997) Ninth special report to the U.S. Congress on alcohol and health June 1997, Page 19 NIH Publication Number 97-4017, NIH, NIAAA.

Zador P., Krawchuck S., and Voas R. (2000) Alcohol related relative risk of driver fatalities and driver involvement in fatal crashes in relation to driver age and gender, Journal Studies on Alcohol, 61: 387-395.