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AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. (2013). Distracted driving and perceptions of hands-free technologies. Findings from the 2013 Traffic Safety Culture Index.

Atchley, P., & Geana, M. (2013a). The texting and driving epidemic: Changing norms to change behavior. Topeka, KS: Kansas Department of Transportation.

Atchley, P., & Geana, M. (2013b). TXT L8R: Lessons from a targeted safety campaign. Presentation at the 31st Annual Lifesavers Conference. Denver, Colorado.

Benden, M., Fink, R., & Stafford, J. (2012). Teen driver cell phone blocker (Report No. UTCM 10-15-47). Department of Transportation.

Bummara, V., & Choi, J. (2015). Exploring the effectiveness of distracted driving PSA (public service announcement). Advances in Journalism and Communication, 3(04), 71.

Caird, J. K., Willness, C. R., Steel, P., & Scialfa, C. (2008). A meta-analysis of the effects of cell phones on driver performance. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 40, 1282-1293.

Dingus, T. A., Guo, F., Lee, S., Antin, J. F., Perez, M., Buchanan-King, M., & Hankey, J. (2016). Driver crash risk factors and prevalence evaluation using naturalistic driving data. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(10), 2636-2641.

Drews, F. A., Yazdani, H., Godfrey, C. N., Cooper, J. M., & Strayer, D. L. (2009). Text messaging in simulated driving. Human Factors, 51, 762-770.

Ehsani, J. P., Bingham, C. R., Ionides, E., & Childers, D. (2014). The impact of Michigan’s text messaging restriction on motor vehicle crashes. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54, S68-S74.

Farmer, C. M., Braitman, K. A., & Lund, A. K. (2010). Cell phone use while driving and attributable crash risk. Traffic Injury Prevention, 11, 466-470.

Foss, R. D., & Goodwin, A. H. (2014). Distracted driver behaviors and distracting conditions among adolescent drivers: Findings from a naturalistic study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54, S50-S60.

Funkhouser, D., & Sayer, J. R. (2013, December). Cell phone filter/blocker technology field test (Report No. DOT HS 811 863). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Governors Highway Safety Association. (2011). Distracted driving: What research shows and what states can do.

GHSA. (2013). Distracted driving: Survey of the States.

GHSA. (2020). Distracted driving laws by state.

Guarino, J. (2013). Survey reveals public open to ban on hand-held cell phone use and texting. RITA Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Special Report.

Highway Loss Data Institute. (2009). Hand-held cellphone laws and collision claim frequencies (Highway Loss Data Institute Bulletin, Vol. 26, No.17).

HLDI. (2010). Texting laws and collision claim frequencies (Highway Loss Data Institute Bulletin, Vol. 27, No.11).

Hosking, S. G., Young, K. L., & Regan, M. A. (2009). The effects of text messaging on young drivers. Human Factors, 51, 582-592.

Ishigami, Y., & Klein, R. M. (2009). Is a hands-free phone safer than a handheld phone? Journal of Safety Research, 40, 157-164.

Lennon, R., Rentfro, R., & O’Leary, B. (2010). Social marketing and distracted driving behaviors among young adults: The effectiveness of fear appeals. Academy of Marketing Studies, 14, 95–113.

Maher, A., & Ott, P. (2013). Effects of New Jersey’s Cell Phone and Text Ban (No. CUNY-49111-19-23).

McCartt, A. T., & Geary, L. L. (2004). Long term effects of New York State’s law on drivers’ handheld cell phone use. Injury Prevention, 10, 11–15.

McCartt, A. T., Hellinga, L. A., & Braitman, K. A. (2006). Cell phones and driving: Review of research. Traffic Injury Prevention, 7, 89-106.

McCartt, A. T., & Hellinga, L. A., Strouse, L. M., & Farmer, C. M. (2010). Long-term effects of handheld cell phone laws on driver handheld cell phone use. Traffic Injury Prevention, 11, 133-141.

McCartt, A. T., Kidd, D. G., & Teoh, E. R. (2014). Driver cellphone and texting bans in the United States: evidence of effectiveness. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine, 58, 99.

McEvoy, S. P. Stevenson, M. R., McCartt, A. T., Woodward, M., Haworth, C., Palamara, P., & Cercarelli, R. (2005). Role of mobile phones in motor vehicle crashes resulting in hospital attendance: A case-crossover study. British Medical Journal, 331, 428-434.

Nevin, P. E., Blanar, L., Kirk, A. P., Freedheim, A., Kaufman, R., Hitchcock, L., Maeser, J. D., & Ebel, B. E. (2017). “I wasn’t texting; I was just reading an email …”: a qualitative study of distracted driving enforcement in Washington State. Injury Prevention, 23(3), 165-170.

National Center for Statistics and Analysis. (2019, October). Driver electronic device use in 2018 (Traffic Safety Facts Research Note. Report No. DOT HS 812 818). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

NHTSA. (2012). Blueprint for ending distracted driving (Report No. DOT HS 811 629).

National Safety Council (NSC). (2015). Employer liability and the case for comprehensive cell phone policies.

Nikolaev, A. G., Robbins M. J., & Jacobson, S. H. (2010). Evaluating the impact of legislation prohibiting hand-held cell phone use while driving. Transportation Research Part A, 44, 182-193.

Olson, R. L., Hanowski, R. J., Hickman, J. S., & Bocanegra, J. (2009). Driver distraction in commercial vehicle operations (Report No. FMCSA-RRR-09-042). FMCSA.

Redelmeier, D. A., & Tibshirani, R. J. (1997). Association between cellular telephone calls and motor vehicle collisions. The New England Journal of Medicine, 336, 453-458.

Retting, R., Sprattler, K., Rothenberg, H., & Sexton, T. (2017, March). Evaluating the enforceability of texting laws: Strategies tested in Connecticut and Massachusetts (Report No. DOT HS 812 367). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Schroeder, P., Wilbur, M., & Pena, R. (2018, March). National Survey on Distracted Driving Attitudes and Behaviors-2015 (Report No. DOT HS 812 461). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Solomon, B. J., Hendry, P., Kalynych, C., Taylor, P., & Tepas III, J. J. (2010). Do perceptions of effective distractive driving public service announcements differ between adults and teens? Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 69(4), S223-S226.

Stutts, J., Knipling, R. R., Pfefer, R., Neuman, T. R., Slack, K. L., & Hardy, K. K. (2005). A guide for reducing crashes involving drowsy and distracted drivers (Report 500, Vol. 14). National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Teigen, A., Shinkle, D., & Essex, A. (2016, February). Traffic safety trends: State legislative action 2015. National Conference of State Legislatures.­transportation/2015_Traffic_Safety_Trends.pdf

Vanlaar, W., Simpson, H., Mayhew, D., & Robertson, R. (2007). The road safety monitor 2006: distracted driving.

Williams, A. F. (2007). Public information and education in the promotion of highway safety (Research Results Digest 322). Transportation Research Board.

Yager, C. (2013). An evaluation of the effectiveness of voice-to-text programs at reducing incidences of distracted driving. Texas A&M Transportation Institute.

Young, R. A. (2012). Cell phone use and crash risk. Epidemiology, 23, 116-118.