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Agran, P. F., Winn, D. G., & Anderson, C. L. (1994). Differences in child pedestrian injury events by location. Pediatrics, 93, 84-288.

Ben-Bassat, T., & Avnieli, S. (2016). The effect of a road safety educational program for kindergarten children on their parents’ behavior and knowledge. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 95, 78-85.

Blomberg, R. D., & Cleven, A. M. (2000, July). Development, implementation, and evaluation of a countermeasure program for alcohol-involved pedestrian crashes (Report No. DOT HS 809 067). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Burke, G. S., Lapidus, G. D., Zavoski, R. W., Wallace, L., & Banco, L. I. (1996). Evaluation of the effectiveness of a pavement stencil in promoting safe behavior among elementary school children boarding school buses. Pediatrics, 97, 520-523.

Chihak, B. J., Grechkin, T. Y., Kearney, J. K., Cremer F. J., & Plumert, J. M. (2014). How children and adults learn to intercept moving gaps. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 122, 134-152.

Dommes, A. & Cavallo, V. (2012). Can simulator-based training improve street-crossing safety for elderly pedestrians? Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behavior, 15, 206-218.

Dragutinovic, N. & Twisk, D. (2006). The effectiveness of road safety education: A literature review. SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research.

Driver Education Working Group. (2009). Novice teen driver education and training administrative standards. report from National Conference on Driver Education.

Dunne, R. G., Asher, K. N., & Rivara, F. P. (1992). Behavior and parental expectations of child pedestrians. Pediatrics, 89, 486-490.

Green, J., Ayrton, R., Woodall, J., Woodward, J., Newell, C., Cattan, M., & Cross, R. (2008). Child–parent interaction in relation to road safety education: Part 2 – Main report. London Department for Transport.

Gregersen, N. P., & Nolen S. (1994). Children's road safety and the strategy of voluntary traffic safety clubs. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 26, 463-470.

Hayes, B. (2010). Alternative response vehicle (PowerPoint web page). London Ambulance Service NHS Trust.

Hunt, M., Harper, D. N., & Lie, C. (2011). Mind the gap: Training road users to use speed and distance when making gap-acceptance decisions. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 43, 2015-2023.

Huntley, M. S., Jr. (1984). Pedestrian/alcohol problems: Countermeasures to consider. Transportation Systems Center.

Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy. (2015). Be Alert, Don’t Get Hurt: A pedestrian safety campaign on an urban, academic campus.

Kwigizile, V., Boateng, R. A., Oh, J. S., & Lariviere, K. (2016). Evaluating the effectiveness of pedestrian countdown signals on the safety of pedestrians in Michigan. Transportation Research Board 95th Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, 17.

National Center for Statistics and Analysis. (2020a, March). Pedestrians: 2018 data. (Traffic Safety Facts. Report No. DOT HS 812 850). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

NCSA. (2020b, July). School transportation-related crashes: 2009-2018 data. (Traffic Safety Facts. Report No. DOT HS 812 944). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Nesoff, E. D., Porter, K. M. P., Bailey, M., & Gielen, A. C. (2019). Knowledge and beliefs about pedestrian safety in an urban community: Implications for promoting safe walking. Journal of Community Health, 44(1), 103-111.

Olson, L. M., Sklar, D. P., Cobb, L., Sapien, R., & Zumwalt, R. (1993). Analysis of childhood pedestrian deaths in New Mexico, 1986-1990. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 22, 512-516.

Percer, J. (2009, September). Child pedestrian safety education: Applying learning and developmental theories to develop safe street crossing behaviors (Report No. DOT HS 811 190). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Pfeffer, K., Fagbemi, H. P., & Stennet, S. (2010). Adult pedestrian behavior when accompanying children on the route to school. Traffic Injury Prevention, 11, 188-193.

Plumert, J.M. & Kearney, J.K. (2014). How do children perceive and act on dynamic affordances in crossing traffic-filled roads? Child Development Perspectives, 8(4), 207–212. 

Pollack, K. M., Gielen, A. C., Ismail, M. N. M., Mitzner, M., Wu, M., & Links, J. M. (2014). Investigating and improving pedestrian safety in an urban environment. Injury Epidemiology, 1(1), 1-9. doi: 10.1186/2197-1714-1-11

Rivara, F. P., Bergman, A. B., & Drake, C. (1989). Parental attitudes and practices toward children as pedestrians. Pediatrics, 84, 1017-1021.

Rosenbloom, T., Sapir-Lavid, Y., & Hadari-Carmi, O. (2009). Social norms of accompanied young children and observed crossing behaviors. Journal of Safety Research, 40, 33-39.

Singh, S., Stern, & Subramanian, R. (2014, April). Not-in-traffic surveillance: Child fatality and injury in nontraffic crashes – 2008 to 2011 (Traffic Safety Facts Crash●Stat. Report No. DOT HS 811 812). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Stewart, K. (1994). Report of the ICADTS working group on alcohol-involved pedestrians.

West, R., Sammons, P., & West, A. (1993). Effects of a traffic club on road safety knowledge and self-reported behaviour of young children and their parents. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 25, 609-618.

Zegeer, C., Sandt, L., & Scully, M. (2008). How to develop a pedestrian safety action plan. Federal Highway Administration.

Zhang, Y., Gawade, M., Lin, P. S., & McPherson, T. (2013). Educational campaign for improving pedestrian safety: A university campus study. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 96, 2756-2766.