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Active Living Research. (2015). Research review: Impact of safe routes to school programs on walking and biking.

Albert, R. R, & Dolgin, K. G. (2010). Lasting effects of short-term training on preschoolers' street-crossing behavior. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 42, 500-508.

Alliance for Biking and Walking (2014). Biking and walking in the United States: 2014 benchmarking report.

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. (2010). Highway safety manual, 1st Ed.

Anderson, C. L., Vaca, F. E., & Chakravarthy, B. (2010). Socioeconomic disparities in pedestrian injuries. Injury Prevention, 16, A259.

Arbogast, H., Burke, R. V., Muller, V., Ruiz, P., Knudson, M. M., & Upperman, J. S. (2014). Randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a video game as a child pedestrian educational tool. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 76, 1317-1321.

Barton, B. K., & Schwebel, D. C. (2007). The influences of demographics and individual differences on children’s selection of risky pedestrian routes. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32, 343-53.

Barton, B. K., Schwebel, D. C., & Morrongiello, B. A. (2007). Brief report: Increasing children's safe pedestrian behaviors through simple skills training. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32, 475-80.

Bertulis, T. & Dulaski, D. M. (2014). Driver approach speed and its impact on driver yielding to pedestrian behavior at unsignalized crosswalks. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2464, 46-51.

Bhatia, R., & Wier, M. (2011). “Safety in Numbers” re-examined: Can we make valid or practical inferences from available evidence? Accident Analysis & Prevention, 43, 235-240.

Blomberg, R. D., & Cleven, A. M. (1998, February). Development, implementation, and evaluation of a pedestrian safety zone for elderly pedestrians (Report No. DOT HS 808 692). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Blomberg, R. D., & Cleven, A. M. (2000, July). Development, implementation, and evaluation of a countermeasure program for alcohol-involved pedestrian crashes (Report No. DOT HS 809 067). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Blomberg, R. D., & Cleven, A. M. (2006, August). Pilot test of “Heed the Speed,” a program to reduce speeds in residential neighborhoods (Report No. DOT HS 810 648). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Blomberg, R. D., Cleven, A. M., Thomas, D., & Peck, R. C. (2008, August). Evaluation of the safety benefits of legacy safe routes to school programs (Report No. DOT HS 811 013). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Blomberg, R. D., Thomas, F. D., & Marziani, B. J. (2012, July). Demonstration and evaluation of the Heed the Speed safety program (Report No. DOT HS 811 515). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Britt, J. W., Bergman, A. B., & Moffat, J. (1995). Law enforcement, pedestrian safety, and driver compliance with crosswalk laws: Evaluation of a four-year campaign in Seattle. Transportation Research Record, 1485, 160-167.

Brookshire, K., Sandt, L., Sundstrom, C., Thomas, L., & Blomberg, R. (2016, April). Advancing pedestrian and bicyclist safety: A primer for highway safety professionals (Report No. DOT HS 812 258). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Bruce, B., & McGrath, P. (2005). Group interventions for the prevention of injuries in young children: A systematic review. Injury Prevention, 11, 143-147.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Vital signs: Walking among adults — United States, 2005 and 2010. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 61, 595-601.

CDC. (2017). Status report for Step It Up! The surgeon general’s call to action to promote walking and walkable communities.

CDC. (2019). Walking school buses. CHI database.

Chakravarthy, B., Anderson, C. L., Ludlow, J., Lotfipour, S., & Vaca, F. E. (2012). A geographic analysis of collisions involving child pedestrians in a large Southern California county. Traffic Injury Prevention, 13, 193-198.

Chen, C., Lin, H., & Loo, B. P. Y. (2012). Exploring the impacts of safety culture on immigrants’ vulnerability in non-motorized crashes: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Urban Health, 89, 138-152.

Coffin, A., & Morrall, J. (1995). Walking speeds of elderly pedestrians at crosswalks. Transportation Research Record, (1487), 63-67.

Congiu, M., Whelan, M., Oxley, J., Charlton, J., D'Elia, A., & Muir, C. (2008). Child pedestrians: Factors associated with ability to cross roads safely and development of a training package (Report 283). Monash University Accident Research Centre.

Cottrill, C. D., & Thakuriah, P. (2010). Evaluating pedestrian crashes in areas with high low- income or minority populations. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 42, 1718-1728.

Deb, S., Strawderman, L., Carruth, D. W., DuBien, J., Smith, B., & Garrison, T. M. (2017). Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess pedestrian receptivity toward fully autonomous vehicles. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies84, 178-195.

Decker, S., Otte, D., Cruz, D. L., Müller, C. W., Omar, M., Krettek, C., & Brand, S. (2016). Injury severity of pedestrians, bicyclists and motorcyclists resulting from crashes with reversing cars. Accident Analysis & Prevention94, 46-51.

DiMaggio, C., Frangos, S., & Li, G. (2016). National Safe Routes to School program and risk of school-age pedestrian and bicyclist injury. Annals of Epidemiology, 26(6), 412-417.

DiMaggio, C. & Li, G. (2013). Effectiveness of a safe routes to school program in preventing school-aged pedestrian injury. Pediatrics, 131, 290-296.

Dommes, A., Cavallo, V., Vienne, F., & Aillerie, I. (2012). Age-related differences in street-crossing safety before and after training of older pedestrians. Accident Analysis & Prevention44(1), 42-47.

Dragutinovic, N. & Twisk, D. (2006). The effectiveness of road safety education: A literature review. SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research.

Dunckel, J., Haynes, W., Conklin, J., Sharp, S., & Cohen, A. (2014). Pedestrian Safety Initiative in Montgomery County, Maryland: Data-Driven Approach to Coordinating Engineering, Education, and Enforcement. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2464, 100-108.

Eichelberger, A. H., McCartt, A. T., & Cicchino, J. B. (2018). Fatally injured pedestrians and bicyclists in the United States with high blood alcohol concentrations. Journal of Safety Research65, 1-9.

Elvik, R., & Bjørnskau, T. (2017). Safety-in-numbers: A systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence. Safety Science92, 274-282.

Elvik, R., & Goel, R. (2019). Safety-in-numbers: An updated meta-analysis of estimates. Accident Analysis & Prevention129, 136-147.

Federal Highway Administration. (2010). Review – Public policies for pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility: An implementation project of the pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility international Scan (Report No. FHWA-PL-10-028).

Fekety, D. K., Edewaard, D. E., Stafford Sewall, A. A., & Tyrrell, R. A. (2016). Electroluminescent materials can further enhance the nighttime conspicuity of pedestrians wearing retroreflective materials. Human Factors58(7), 976-985.

Fischer, E. L., Rousseau, G. K., Turner, S. M., Blais, E. J., Engelhart, C. L., Henderson, D. R., Kaplan, J. A., Keller, V. M., Mackay, J. D., Tobias, P. A., Wigle, D. E., & Zegeer, C. V. (2010). Pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility in Europe (Report No. FHWA-PL-10-010). Federal Highway Administration.

Fredriksson, R., Shin, J., & Untaroiu, C. D. (2011). Potential of pedestrian protection systems - A parameter study using finite element models of pedestrian dummy and generic passenger vehicles. Traffic Injury Prevention, 12, 398-411.

Garay-Vega, L., Pollard, J. K., Guthy, C., & Hastings, A. (2011). Auditory detectability of hybrid electric vehicles by blind pedestrians. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2248, 68-73.

Gårder, P. E. (2004). The impact of speed and other variables on pedestrian safety in Maine. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 36, 533-542.

Gates, T. J., Savolainen, P. T., Datta, T. K., & Buck, N. (2010). Effect of pedestrian safety retraining for elementary and middle school students. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2198, 145-151.

Geyer, J., Raford, N., Ragland, D., & Pham, T. (2006). The continuing debate about safety in numbers—Data from Oakland, CA. Safe Transportation Research & Education Center.

Gonzales, E. J. (2017, January 8-12). Evaluation of a pedestrian safety outreach campaign in New Jersey using surrogate safety measures (No. 17-03647). Transportation Research Board 96th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC.

Greene, D., Liu, J., Reich, J., Hirokawa, Y., Shinagawa, A, Ito, H., & Mikami, T. (2011). An efficient computational architecture for a collision early-warning system for vehicles, pedestrians, and bicyclists. Intelligent Transportation Systems, 12, 942-953.

Gregersen, N. P., & Nolen S. (1994). Children's road safety and the strategy of voluntary traffic safety clubs. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 26, 463-470.

Hammond, J., Cherrett, T., & Waterson, B. (2014). The development of child pedestrian training in the United Kingdom 2002 – 2011: A national survey of local authorities. Journal of Transportation Safety & Security, 6, 117-129.

Hatfield, J., & Murphy, S. (2007) The effects of mobile phone use on pedestrian crossing behaviour at signalised and unsignalised intersections. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 39, 197-205.

Holland, C., & Hill, R. (2010). Gender differences in factors predicting unsafe crossing decisions in adult pedestrians across the lifespan: a simulation study. Accident Analysis & Prevention42(4), 1097-1106.

Hotz, G., Cohn, S., Castelblanco, A., Colston, S., Thomas, M., Weiss, A., Nelson, J., & Duncan, R. (2004). WalkSafe: A school-based pedestrian safety intervention program. Traffic Injury Prevention, 5, 382-389.

Hotz, G., Garces de Marcilla, A., Lutfi, K., Kennedy, A., Castellon, P., & Duncan, R. (2009). The WalkSafe program: Developing and evaluating the educational component. Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 66, S3 – S9.

Howard, E., Mooren, L., Nilsson, G., Quimby, A., & Vadeby, A. (2008). Speed management: Road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners. Global Road Safety Partnership and the World Health Organization.

Hu, W., & Cicchino, J. B. (2020). Lowering the speed limit from 30 to 25 mph in Boston: Effects on vehicle speeds. Injury Prevention, 26, 99-102.

Hunter, W. H., Stutts, J. C., Pein, W. E., & Cox, C. L. (1996). Pedestrian and bicycle crash types of the early 1990’s (Report No. FHWA-RD-95-163). Federal Highway Administration.

Hunter, W. W., Thomas, L. J., & Stewart, J. R. (2001). Kill your speed: An evaluation of a rural speed enforcement program. UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Jacobsen, P. L. (2003). Safety in numbers: More walkers and bicyclists, safer walking and bicycling. Injury Prevention 9, 205-209. (See also Correction, Injury Prevention (2004), 10, 127.)

Jacobsen, P. L., Ragland, D. R., & Komanoff, C. (2015). Safety in numbers for walkers and bicyclists: Exploring the mechanisms. Injury Prevention21(4), 217-220.

Janstrup, K. H., Kaplan, S., Hels, T., Lauritsen, J., & Prato, C. G. (2016). Understanding traffic crash under-reporting: Linking police and medical records to individual and crash characteristics. Traffic Injury Prevention17(6), 580-584.

Johnston, B. D., Mendoza, J., Rafton, S., Gonzalez-Walker, D., & Levinger, D. (2006). Promoting physical activity and reducing child pedestrian risk: Early evaluation of a walking school bus program in central Seattle. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery60(6), 1388-1389.

Karsch, H. M., Hedlund, J. H., Tison, J., & Leaf, W. A. (2012, June). Review of studies on pedestrian and bicyclist safety, 1991-2007 (Report No. DOT HS 811 614). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Kim, E., Muennig, P., & Rosen, Z. (2017). Vision Zero: A toolkit for road safety in the modern era. Injury Epidemiology4(1), 1.

Koo, H. S., & Huang, X. (2015). Visibility aid cycling clothing: flashing light-emitting diode (FLED) configurations. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology27(3), 460-471. doi 10.1108/IJCST-09-2014-0104

Kravetz, D., & Noland, R. B. (2012). A spatial analysis of income disparities in pedestrian safety in northern New Jersey: Is there an environmental justice issue? TRB 91st Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers DVD. Transportation Research Board.

Leaf, W.A., & Preusser, D.F. (1999, October). Literature review on vehicle travel speeds and pedestrian injuries (Report No. DOT HS 809 021). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Leden, L., Garder, P., & Pulkkinen, U., (2000). An expert judgment model applied to estimating the safety effect of a bicycle facility. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 32, 589-599.

Lin, P. S., Kourtellis, A., Zhang, Y., Guo, R., & Bialkowska-Jelinska, E. (2017). Application of demographic analysis to pedestrian safety.

Livingston, D. H., Suber, I., Snyder, D., Clancy, S. F., Passannante, M. R. & Lavery, R. F. (2011). Annual pediatric pedestrian education does not improve pedestrian behavior. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care, 71, 1120-1125.

McArthur, A., Savolainen, P., & Gates, T. (2014). Spatial analysis of child pedestrian and bicycle crashes: Development of safety performance function for areas adjacent to schools. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2465, 57-63.

McDonald, N. C., Steiner, R. L., Lee, C., Rhoulac Smith, T., Zhu, X., & Yang, Y. (2014). Impact of the safe routes to school program on walking and bicycling. Journal of the American Planning Association80(2), 153-167. doi: 10.1080/01944363.2014.956654.

McGuckin, N., & Fucci, A. (2018). Summary of travel trends: 2017 National Household Travel Survey. Federal Highways Administration.

Mendoza, J. A., Watson, K., Chen, T-A., Baranowski, T., Nicklas, T. A., Uscanga, D. K., & Hanfling, M. J. (2012). Impact of a pilot walking school bus intervention on children's pedestrian safety behaviors: A pilot study. Health & Place, 18, 24-30.

Millard-Ball, A. (2018). Pedestrians, autonomous vehicles, and cities. Journal of Planning Education and Research38(1), 6-12.

Moening, Lieberman, & Zimmerman. (2016). How to start a walking school bus at your school. Safe Routes to School National Partnership.

Muennig, P. A., Epstein, M., Li, G., & DiMaggio, C. (2014). The cost-effectiveness of New York City’s Safe Routes to School program. American Journal of Public Health, 104(7), 1294-1299.

Murtha, T. (2005). Pedestrian and bicycle safety data in Northeastern Illinois. Presentation to Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, October 2005.

Nasar, J., Hecht, P., & Wener, R. (2008). Mobile telephones, distracted attention, and pedestrian safety. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 40, 69–75.

National Center for Safe Routes to School. (2016). Trends in walking and bicycling to school from 2007-2014.

NCSRTS & Federal Highway Administration. (2015). Creating healthier generations: A look at 10 years of the Federal Safe Routes to School program. Chapel Hill, NC.

NCSRTS & FHWA. (2016). Advancing safe walking and bicycling for youth: Approaches from the Federal Safe Routes to School Program that support broad safety benefits for youth.

National Center for Statistics and Analysis. (2020, March). Pedestrians: 2018 data (Traffic Safety Facts. Report No. DOT HS 812 580). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (1998, July). Zone guide for pedestrian safety (Report No. DOT HS 808 742).

NHTSA. (2009-2018). Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) [Custom data set analysis]. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

NHTSA. (2014, November). Pedestrian safety enforcement operations: A how-to guide.

NHTSA. (2018). Crash Report Sampling System (CRSS) [Custom data set analysis]. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

NHTSA. (2020). Pedestrians killed – by related factors – State: USA, year: 2018 [Table 100].

National Physical Activity Plan Alliance. (2017). The 2017 United States report card on walking and walkable communities.

Nesoff, E. D., Milam, A. J., Branas, C. C., Martins, S. S., Knowlton, A. R., & Furr‐Holden, D. M. (2018). Alcohol outlets, neighborhood retail environments, and pedestrian injury risk. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research42(10), 1979-1987.

Nikitas, A., Wang, J. Y., & Knamiller, C. (2019). Exploring parental perceptions about school travel and walking school buses: A thematic analysis approach. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice124, 468-487.

Ortiz, N. C., Ramnarayan, M., & Mizenko, K. (2017). Distraction and road user behavior: an observational pilot study across intersections in Washington, DC. Journal of Transport & Health7, 13-22.

PedNet Coalition. (2019). PedNet Coalition’s experience with walking school buses.

Percer, J. (2009, September). Child pedestrian safety education: Applying learning and developmental theories to develop safe street crossing behaviors (Report No. DOT HS 811 190). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Pérez-Martín, P., Pedrós, G., Martínez-Jiménez, P., & Varo-Martínez, M. (2018). Evaluation of a walking school bus service as an intervention for a modal shift at a primary school in Spain. Transport Policy64, 1-9.

Pucher, J., Buehler, R., Merom, D., & Bauman, A. (2011). Walking and cycling in the United States, 2001-2009: Evidence from the NHTS. American Journal of Public Health, 101, S310- S317.

Redmon, T. (2011). Pedestrian countermeasure policy best practice report: FHWA safety program. Federal Highway Administration.

Retting, R. A., Ferguson, S. A, & McCartt, A T. (2003). A review of evidence-based traffic engineering measures designed to reduce pedestrian–motor vehicle crashes. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1456–1463.

Robey, T., Perez, B. O., Jain, R., Dey, S. S., Thweatt, D., & Koch, D. (2018). Meet me at the crosswalk on the way to school: A Data, driven analysis on school crossing guard deployment and program effectiveness in Washington, DC (No. 18-03513). Transportation Research Board 97th Annual Meeting.

Rosén, E., & Sander, U. (2009). Pedestrian fatality risk as a function of car impact speed. Accident Analysis & Prevention41(3), 536-542.

Sandt, L., LaJeunesse, S., Cohn, J., Pullen-Seufert, N., & Gallagher, J. (2015). Watch for Me NC: Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety, Education, and Enforcement Campaign: 2014 Program Summary (No. NCDOT Contract# 2014‐45).

Sandt, L., Gallagher, J., & Gelinne, D. (2016, June). Advancing pedestrian safety using education and enforcement efforts in pedestrian focus cities and States: North Carolina (Report No. DOT HS 812 286). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Sandt, L., Thomas, L., Langford, K., & Nabors, D. (2015). A resident’s guide for creating safer communities for walking and biking (Report No. FHWA-SA-14-099). Federal Highway Administration.­ped_walkguide/index.cfm

Santos, A., McGuckin, N., Nakamoto, H. Y., Gray, D., & Liss, S. (2011). Summary of travel trends: 2009 National Household Travel Survey (Report No. FHWA-PL-11-011). Federal Highway Administration.

Savolainen, P. T., Gates, T. J., & Datta, T. K. (2011). Implementation of targeted pedestrian traffic enforcement programs in an urban environment. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2265, 137-145.

Schneider, R. J., & Stefanich, J. (2016). Application of the location–movement classification method for pedestrian and bicycle crash typing. Transportation Research Record, 2601(1), 72–83.

Schwebel, D. C., McClure, L. A., & Severson, J. (2014). Teaching children to cross streets safely: A randomized, controlled trial. Health Psychology, 33, 628-638.

Schwebel, D. C., Shen, J., & McClure, L. A. (2016). How do children learn to cross the street? The process of pedestrian safety training. Traffic Injury Prevention, 17(6), 573-579.

Sciortino, S., Vassar, M., Radetsky, M., & Knudson, M. M. (2005). San Francisco pedestrian injury surveillance: Mapping, under-reporting, and injury severity in police and hospital records. Accident Analysis & Prevention37(6), 1102-1113.

Scopatz, R. A. & Zhou, Y. (2016, April). Effect of electronic device use on pedestrian safety: A literature review (Report No. DOT HS 812 256). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Searson, D. J., & Anderson, R. W. (2011). The global technical regulation on pedestrian safety: Likely effects on vehicle design. Presentation at the Australasian Road Safety Research, Policing and Education Conference, Perth, Australia.

Shay, E., Khattak, A. J., & Wali, B. (2018). Walkability in the connected and automated vehicle era: A US perspective on research needs. Transportation Research Record2672(35), 118-128.

Stavrinos, D., Byington, K. W., & Schwebel, D. C. (2009). Effect of cell phone distraction on pediatric pedestrian injury risk. Pediatrics, 123, e179-e185.

Stavrinos, D., Byington, K. W., & Schwebel, D. C. (2011). Distracted walking: Cell phones increase injury risk for college pedestrians. Journal of Safety Research, 42, 101–107.

Stutts, J, C., & Hunter, W. W. (1999a). Injuries to pedestrians and bicyclists: An analysis based on hospital emergency department data. Federal Highway Administration.

Stutts, J. C. & Hunter, W. W. (1999b). Motor vehicle and roadway factors in pedestrian and bicyclist injuries: An examination based on emergency department data. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 31, 505-514.

Tefft, B.C. (2011). Impact speed and a pedestrian’s risk of severe injury or death. AAA Foundation.

Thomas, F. D., Blomberg, R. D., & Korbelak, K. T. (2017). Evaluation of North Carolina adaptation of NHTSA’s Child Pedestrian Safety Curriculum. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2661, 69–75.

Thomas, L. & Levitt, D. (2014). North Carolina pedestrian crash types, 2008-2012. UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Thompson, L. L., Rivara, F. P., Ayyagari, R. C., & Ebel, B. E. (2013). Impact of social and technological distraction on pedestrian crossing behaviour: An observational study. Injury Prevention, 19, 232-237.

Tolmie, A., Thomson, J. A., Foot, H. C., Whelan, K., Morrison, S., & McLaren, B. (2005). The effects of adult guidance and peer discussion on the development of children’s representations: Evidence from the training of pedestrian skills. British Journal of Psychology, 96, 181-204.

Turner, L., Chriqui, J. F., & Chaloupka, F. J. (2013). Walking school bus programs in US public elementary schools. Journal of Physical Activity and Health10(5), 641-645.

Tyrrell, R. A., Wood, J. M., Chaparro, A., Carberry, T. P., Chub, B-S., & Marszalek, R. P. (2009). Seeing pedestrians at night: Visual clutter does not mask biological motion. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 41, 506-512.

Tyrrell, R. A., Wood, J. M., Owens, D. A., Whetsel Borzendowski, S., & Stafford Sewall, A. (2016). The conspicuity of pedestrians at night: A review. Clinical and Experimental Optometry99(5), 425-434.

U.S. Department of Transportation. (2014). Safer people, safer streets: Summary of U.S. Department of Transportation action plan to increase walking and biking and reduce pedestrian and bicyclist fatalities.

Ussery, E. N., Carlson, S. A., Whitfield, G. P., Watson, K. B., Berrigan, D., & Fulton, J. E. (2017). Walking for transportation or leisure among U.S. women and men — National Health Interview Survey, 2005–2015. MMWR Morbity Mortality Weekly Report, 66, 657–662.

Van Houten, R., & Malenfant, J. E. L. (2004). Effects of a driver enforcement program on yielding to pedestrians. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 37, 351-363.

Van Houten, R., Malenfant, L., Blomberg, R. D., Huitema, B. E., & Casella, S. (2013, August). High-visibility enforcement on driver compliance with pedestrian right-of-way law (Report No. DOT HS 811 786). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Van Houten, R., Malenfant, L., Blomberg, R. D., & Huitema, B. E. (2017, January). The effect of high-visibility enforcement on driver compliance with pedestrian right-of-way laws: 4-year follow-up (Report No. DOT HS 812 364). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Van Houten, R., Malenfant, L., Huitema, B., & Blomberg, R. (2013). Effects of high-visibility enforcement on driver compliance with pedestrian yield right-of-way laws. Transportation Research Record, 2393, 41-49.

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Walker, E. J., Lanthier, S. N., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2012). The effects of personal music devices on pedestrian behavior. Safety Science, 50, 123-128.

Yanagisawa, M., Swanson, E., Azeredo, P., & Najm, W. (2017, April). Estimation of potential safety benefits for pedestrian crash avoidance/mitigation systems (Report No. DOT HS 812 400). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Yanagisawa, M., Swanson, E., & Najm, W. G. (2014, April). Target crashes and safety benefits estimation methodology for pedestrian crash avoidance/mitigation systems (Report No. DOT HS 811 998). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.­methpedcrashavmitsys.pdf

Yang, Y., Diez-Roux, A., Evenson, K. R., & Colabianchi, N. (2014). Examining the impact of the walking school bus with an agent-based model. American Journal of Public Health104(7), 1196-1203.

Zegeer, C. V., Blomberg, R. D., Henderson, D., Masten, S. V., Marchetti, L., Levy, M. M., Fan, Y., Sandt, L., Brown, A., Stutts, J., & Thomas, L. J. (2008, January 1). Evaluation of Miami-Dade pedestrian safety demonstration project. Transportation Research Record, 2073, 1-10.

Zegeer, C., Henderson, D., Blomberg, R., Marchetti, L., Masten, S., Fan, Y., Sandt, L., Brown, A., Stutts, J. & Thomas, L. (2008, June). Evaluation of the Miami-Dade pedestrian safety demonstration project (Report No. DOT HS 810 964). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Zegeer, C., Sandt, L., & Scully, M. (2008, March). How to develop a pedestrian safety action plan. Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V., Stutts, J., Huang, H., Cynecki, M. J., Van Houten, R., Alberson, B., Pfefer, R., Neuman, T. R., Slack, K. L. & Hardy, K. K. (2004). Guidance for implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan, Volume 10: A guide for reducing collisions involving pedestrians. Transportation Research Board.

Zhou, H., Zhao, J., Hsu, P., & Rouse, J. (2009). Identify factors affecting number of students walking or biking to school. In Logistics: The Emerging Frontiers of Transportation and Development in China (pp. 1730-1735). American Society of Civil Engineers.