JUST RELEASED: Research Notes, Crash*Stats & Reports
- NHTSA Traffic Safety Fact Sheet "2013 State Alcohol-Impaired Driving Estimates" (DOT HS 812 188), This fact sheet contains estimates of driver alcohol involvement in fatal crashes for the United States and individually for the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Estimates for Puerto Rico are not included in the national estimates. Data from the current year (2013) and 10 years ago (2004) are presented for comparison. These estimates are based on data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).
- NHTSA Crash*Stats “Fatalities of Vehicle Nonoccupants in Wheelchairs Struck by Motor Vehicles” (DOT HS 812 185), In 2013, there were 32,719 people killed in motor vehicle crashes in the United States. Of those people killed, 28 were reported as seated in wheelchairs (0.09% of the total fatalities) when struck by motor vehicles. These people were not occupants of motor vehicles involved in the crashes and thus are considered nonoccupants. Only 13 States reported fatalities to nonoccupants seated in wheel¬chairs in 2013. From 2007 to 2013, on average 28 people died every year (0.08% of the total fatalities) when seated in wheelchairs and struck during motor vehicle crashes.
- NHTSA/GHSA Report “Mapping to MMUCC: A Process for Comparing Police Crash Reports and State Crash Databases to the MMUCC” (DOT HS 812 184), The Model Minimum Uniform Crash Criteria (MMUCC) Guideline, Fourth Edition (2012), is a voluntary guideline designed to help States determine what crash data to collect on their police accident reports (PARs) and what data to code and carry in their crash databases. To assist States in evaluating their consistency with MMUCC, NHTSA and GHSA have developed a methodology for mapping the data collected on PARs and the data entered and maintained on crash databases to the data elements and attributes in the MMUCC Guideline. This methodology is intended to standardize how States compare both their PARs and their crash databases to MMUCC. The process recognizes that while State data systems often use different terminology and formatting, different data sets often can be mapped to the recommended MMUCC data elements and attributes.
- 2013 Traffic Safety Fact Sheet Rural/Urban Comparison (DOT HS 812 181), There were 30,057 fatal motor vehicle traffic crashes resulting in 32,719 fatalities. Of these 30,057 fatal traffic crashes, there were 15,998 (53%) that occurred in rural areas, 14,026 (47%) that occurred in urban areas, and 33 (<0.5%) that occurred in unknown areas. For the purpose of this fact sheet, rural and urban boundaries are determined by the State highway departments and approved by the Federal Highway Administration. The State highway departments use the U.S. Census Bureau’s rural and urban boundaries.
- NHTSA’s “Early Estimates of Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities in 2014” (DOT HS 812 160), A statistical projection of traffic fatalities shows that an estimated 32,675 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes in 2014. This represents a very marginal decrease of about 0.1 percent as compared to the 32,719 fatalities that were reported to have occurred in 2013.
- Traffic Safety Fact Sheet 2013 “Children” (DOT HS 812 154), The definition of “children” for this fact sheet, is defined as people 14 and younger. From 2004 to 2013, the number of child fatalities in traffic crashes decreased by 47 percent, with the 8-to-14 age group showing the largest decrease (54%). Of the 32,719 traffic fatalities in 2013 in the United states, 1,149 (4%) were children 14 and younger.
- 2013 Traffic Safety Facts “Large Trucks” (DOT HS 812 150), In 2013, there were 3,964 people killed and an estimated 95,000 people injured in crashes involving large trucks. In the United States, an estimated 342,000 large trucks were involved in police-reported traffic crashes during 2013. The majority of the 2013 percentages show minimal change when compared to 2012.
- 2013 A Compilation of Motor Vehicle Crash Data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the General Estimates System (DOT HS 812 139), In this annual report, NHTSA presents descriptive statistics about traffic crashes of all severities, from those that result in property damage only to those that result in the loss of human life. In 2013, there were an estimated 5,687,000 police-reported crashes, resulting in 32,719 people killed and an estimated 2,313,000 people injured.
- 2013 Traffic Safety Fact Sheet “Occupant Protection” (DOT HS 812 153), In 2013, 21,132 occupants died in motor vehicle traffic crashes. Of the 21,132 passenger vehicle occupants killed, 9,777 were known to be restrained. Restraint use was not known for 1,775 of the occupants. Looking at only occupants where the restraint status was known, 49 percent were unrestrained at the time of the crash.
- Crash*Stat “Seat Belt Use in 2014 – Use Rate in the States and Territories (DOT HS 812 149, The nationwide seat belt use rate was 87 percent in 2014 as measured by NHTSA’s National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NOPUS). In 2014, seat belt use rates in the United States ranged from a low of 68.9 percent in South Dakota to a high of 97.8 percent in Oregon. Nineteen States, the District of Columbia and the U.S. territories of Guam and Northern Mariana Islands achieved belt use rates of 90 percent or higher. These results are from probability-based observational surveys conducted by 50 States, the District of Columbia, and U.S. Territories.
- 2013 Traffic Safety Fact Sheet “Bicyclists and Other Cyclists” (DOT HS 812 151), In 2013, there were 743 pedalcyclists killed and an estimated 48,000 injured in motor vehicle traffic crashes. Pedalcyclist deaths accounted for 2 percent of all motor vehicle traffic fatalities (Table 1) and made up 2 percent of the people injured in traffic crashes during the year. The number of pedalcyclists killed in 2013 is 1 percent higher than the 734 pedalcyclists killed in 2012. The increase in 2013 is the third straight increase in pedalcyclist fatalities, a 19-percent increase since 2010.
- 2013 Traffic Safety Fact Sheet Motorcyclists (DOT HS 812 148), In 2013, there were 4,668 motorcyclists killed in motor vehicle traffic crashes—a decrease of 6 percent from the 4,986 motorcyclists killed in 2012. There were an estimated 88,000 motorcyclists injured during 2013, a 5-percent decrease from 93,000 motorcyclist injured in 2012. In 2013, two-wheeled motorcycles accounted for 93 percent of all motorcycles in fatal crashes.
- NHTSA/NCSA Crash*Stats “Lives Saved in 2013 by Restraint Use and Minimum Drinking Age Laws” (DOT HS 812 137), In 2013, the use of seat belts in passenger vehi¬cles saved an estimated 12,584 lives (occupants 5 and older), and an estimated 2,388 lives (occupants 13 and older) were saved by frontal air bags. An estimated 263 lives (child occupants 4 and younger) were saved by the use of child restraints, and 1,630 lives were saved by the use of motor¬cycle helmets. An additional 2,800 lives would have been saved in 2013 if all unrestrained passenger vehicle occu¬pants 5 and older involved in fatal crashes had worn their seat belts. If all motorcyclists had been helmeted, then an additional 715 lives would have been saved. An estimated 504 lives were saved due to minimum-drinking-age laws.
- “NHTSA's Review of the National Automotive Sample System: Report to Congress” (DOT HS 812 128, NHTSA’s National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) has provided nationally representative traffic crash information to the highway safety community for over 30 years. However, the data needs of the traffic safety community have increased and significantly changed since NASS was initially designed. In addition, the population demographics of the United States have changed over the last three decades, affecting how nationally representative the NASS data collection sites are. NHTSA recently undertook a thorough review of the NASS Crashworthiness Data System (CDS) and the NASS General Estimates System (GES), evaluating the sample design, the data collected, and the underlying information technology.
- Not-in-Traffic Surveillance: Non-Crash Fatalities and Injuries Summary (DOT HS 812 120), This Research Note provides updated information on fatalities and injuries among the overall population as well as among children 14 and younger who were involved in “motor vehicle non-crash incidents” (herein referred to as non-crash incidents). The data on such incidents are obtained by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) through its Not-in-Traffic Surveillance system. These updates reflect non-crash fatality data from 2005 to 2007 and injury estimates in 2011 and 2012.
- Find All NCSA Studies, Reports & Publications in CATS, Our Customer Automated Tracking System (CATS) is where you will find: • Traffic Safety Fact Sheets • FARS/GES Reports • Research Notes and Crash*Stats • Technical Reports • Annual Assessments • Documentation and Manuals for FARS, GES, and NASS-CDS. Customers may also leave a customized data request if you are unable to find what you are looking for.
National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA)
NCSA, an office of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, is responsible for providing a wide range of analytical and statistical support to NHTSA and the highway safety community at large.
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