JUST RELEASED: Research Notes, Crash*Stats & Reports
- 2014 Crash Data Key Findings (DOT HS 812 219), In 2014, 32,675 people were killed in motor vehicle crashes on U.S. roadways. An additional 2.3 million people were injured in crashes in 2014. While showing slight fluctuation in recent years, fatalities and injuries have been in a general decline. Fatalities have decreased 25 percent from 2005 to 2014 and the number of people injured has decreased 13 percent from 2005 to 2014.
- Early Estimate of Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities for the First Half (Jan-Jun) of 2015 (DOT HS 812 217), A statistical projection of traffic fatalities for the first half of 2015 shows that an estimated 16,225 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes. This represents an increase of about 8.1 percent as compared to the 15,014 fatalities that were reported to have occurred in the first half of 2014. Preliminary data reported by the Fed¬eral Highway Administration (FHWA) shows that vehicle miles traveled (VMT) in the first 6 months of 2015 increased by about 51.9 billion miles, or about a 3.5-percent increase. The actual counts for 2014 and 2015 and the ensuing per¬centage change from 2014 to 2015 will be further revised as the final file for 2014 and the annual reporting file for 2015 become available next year. These estimates may be further refined when the projections for the first 9 months of 2015 are released in late December.
- Lives Saved in 2014 by Restraint Use and Minimum-Drinking Age Laws (DOT HS 812 218), In 2014 the use of seat belts in passenger vehicles saved an estimated 12,802 lives (occupants 5 and older), and an estimated 2,396 lives (occupants 13 and older) were saved by frontal air bags. An estimated 252 child occupants 4 and younger were saved by the use of child restraints, and 1,669 lives were saved by the use of motorcycle helmets. An additional 2,814 lives would have been saved in 2014 if all unrestrained passenger vehicle occupants 5 and older involved in fatal crashes had worn their seat belts. If all motorcyclists had been helmeted, then an additional 660 lives would have been saved. An estimated 485 lives were saved due to minimum-drinking-age laws.
- NASS GES Analytical User’s Manual 1988-2014 (DOT HS 812 215), This multi-year analytical user’s manual provides documentation on the historical coding practices of the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) General Estimates System (GES) from 1988 to 2014. In other words, this manual presents the evolution of NASS GES coding from inception through present. The manual includes the data elements that are contained in the NASS GES and other useful information that will enable the users to become familiar with the data system.
- 2014 FARS/NASS GES Coding and Validation Manual (DOT HS 812 216), This coding and validation manual provides detailed definitions for each data element and attribute for a given year. This manual also provides a set of written instructions on how to transfer the information from a police accident/crash report (PAR) to the FARS or GES data.
- FARS Analytical User's Manual 1975-2014 (DOT HS 812 214), This multi-year analytical user’s manual provides documentation on the historical coding practices of the Fatality Analysis Reporting System from 1975 to 2014. In other words, this manual presents the evolution of FARS coding from inception through present. The manual includes the data elements that are contained in FARS and other useful information that will enable the users to become familiar with the data system.
- NHTSA/NCSA Research Note “Motor Vehicle Traffic Crashes as a Leading Cause of Death in the United States, 2010 and 2011” (DOT HS 812 203), In 2011, for the third year in a row, motor vehicle traffic crashes were not among the top 10 causes of death in the United States. Motor vehicle crashes were the 12th leading cause of death during 2011 as compared to their rank as the 11th leading cause of death in 2010. When ranked by age, motor vehicle traffic crashes were the number one cause of death in 2011 among people ages 8, 13, 14 and every age 16 through 25.
- NHTSA/NCSA’s 2013 Traffic Safety Fact Sheet “State Traffic Data (DOT HS 812 196), Traffic fatalities decreased by 3 percent from 2012 to 2013 in the United States. The fatality rate per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT) was 1.09 for the United States in 2013, but ranged from a high of 1.90 to a low of 0.57. Since 1975, which was the first year that Fatality Analysis Report¬ing System (FARS) data was col¬lected, the rate of traffic fatalities per 100 million VMT in the United States has decreased 67 percent (3.35 to 1.09)
- NHTSA/NCSA Research Note “Estimating Lives and Costs Saved by Motorcycle Helmets with Updated Economic Cost Information” (DOT 812 206) , In 2013, an estimated 1,630 lives were saved in the United States by motorcycle helmets; an estimated 715 additional fatalities could have been prevented if all motorcyclists1 had worn hel¬mets. The lives saved resulted in an estimated $2.8 billion saved in economic costs, and $17.3 billion in comprehensive costs, by helmet-wearing motorcyclists. An additional $1.1 billion could have been saved in economic costs, and $7.2 billion in compre¬hensive costs, if all motorcyclists had worn helmets.
- NHTSA/NCSA Research Note “Driver Electronic Device Use in 2014” (DOT HS 812 197), The percentage of drivers text-messaging or visibly manipu¬lating handheld devices increased from 1.7 percent in 2013 to 2.2 percent in 2014; this was a statistically significant increase. Driver handheld cell phone use decreased from 4.6 percent in 2013 to 4.3 percent in 2014 (Figure 1); however, this was not a statistically significant decrease. These results are from the National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NOPUS), which provides the only nationwide probability-based observed data on driver electronic device use in the United States. The NOPUS is conducted annually by NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis.
- NCSA Traffic Safety Fact Sheet “Passenger Vehicles” (DOT HS 812 192), There were 21,132 passenger vehicle occupants who lost their lives in traffic crashes in 2013 and an estimated 2.05 million passenger vehicle occupants who were injured. Passenger vehicles made up 93 percent of registered vehicles and accounted for nearly 90 percent of total vehicle miles traveled (VMT). There were an estimated 9,892,000 vehicles involved in police-reported traffic crashes; 96 percent (9,538,000) were passenger vehicles.
- NHTSA/NCSA Traffic Safety Fact Sheet 2013 “Older Population” (DOT HS 812 199), In 2013, there were 5,671 people 65 and older killed and an estimated 222,000 injured in motor vehicle traffic crashes. These older people made up 17 percent of all traffic fatalities and 10 percent of all people injured in traffic crashes during the year. Compared to 2012, fatalities among older people increased by 1 percent and the number of older people injured increased by 4 percent.
- NCSA Research Note “Fatalities in Traffic Crashes Involving All-Terrain Vehicles” (DOT HS 812 193), Traffic fatalities related to on-road all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) represented 1 percent of total motor vehicle traffic fatalities each year from 2004 to 2013. The yearly ATV-related fatality counts from 2004 to 2013 ranged from a low of 307 in 2012 to a high of 381 in 2008.
- NHTSA/NCSA Report “National Telephone Survey of Reported and Unreported Motor Vehicle Crashes” (DOT HS 812 183), NHTSA is concerned that changes in police reporting practices, insurance coverage, vehicle costs, litigation practices, real incomes, and the proliferation of cell phones have shifted the proportion of unreported crash proportion over the past several decades. To address this, NHTSA commissioned a comprehensive nationally representative survey of households to determine the relative incidence of reported and unreported crashes. In late 2009 and the first half of 2010, interviews were made with roughly 2,300 households where the respondent experienced a motor vehicle crash during the previous 12 months. The interviews addressed the rate of reporting to police, the rate of reporting to insurance agencies, the severity of the crash, the location of vehicle damage, the types of injuries experienced in the crash, the cost of medical care, vehicle repair costs, the reasons why the crash was not reported, the crash location, and the number of vehicles involved in the crash. Most data elements were stratified separately for injury crashes and property-damage-only crashes.
- NHTSA Traffic Safety Fact Sheet "2013 State Alcohol-Impaired Driving Estimates" (DOT HS 812 188), This fact sheet contains estimates of driver alcohol involvement in fatal crashes for the United States and individually for the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Estimates for Puerto Rico are not included in the national estimates. Data from the current year (2013) and 10 years ago (2004) are presented for comparison. These estimates are based on data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).
- Find All NCSA Studies, Reports & Publications in CATS, Our Customer Automated Tracking System (CATS) is where you will find: • Traffic Safety Fact Sheets • FARS/GES Reports • Research Notes and Crash*Stats • Technical Reports • Annual Assessments • Documentation and Manuals for FARS, GES, and NASS-CDS. Customers may also leave a customized data request if you are unable to find what you are looking for.
National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA)
NCSA, an office of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, is responsible for providing a wide range of analytical and statistical support to NHTSA and the highway safety community at large.
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