Adaptive Driving Beam Headlighting System Glare Assessment (DOT HS 812 174) August 2015. This report summarizes NHTSA’s evaluation of existing adaptive driving beam headlight systems. “Adaptive Driving Beam" (ADB) is a type of adaptive front-lighting system where the system automatically enables upper beam headlamps and adapts its beam pattern to the presence of oncoming and preceding vehicles in order to improve long-range visibility for the driver without causing discomfort, distraction, or glare to other road users. The research informed NHTSA’s response to a Toyota petition asking that FMVSS No. 108 be modified to specifically allow adaptive driving beam (ADB) headlights. Multiple other OEMs have expressed interest in offering this technology on US vehicles.
- Human Factors Evaluation Of Level 2 and Level 3 Automated Driving Concepts (DOT HS 812 182) July 2015 This study investigated user interactions with partially automated vehicles where some of the driver’s role is turned over to the vehicle. It focused on how the driver makes those changes, and how this interaction is affected by the human-machine interface. It also shows that effective human interface elements can help drivers to resume control of the vehicle quickly.
- Commercial Medium- and Heavy-Duty Truck Fuel Efficiency Technology Cost Study, (DOT HS 812 177)
- This report accompanies the work performed by Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) in collaboration with NHTSA on fuel efficiency and emissions reduction technologies. Technologies are evaluated for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles for model years 2019 and beyond. Based on a list of technologies and configurations, this report examines the costs of implementation (in constant 2011 U.S. dollars) in the areas of incremental retail prices and lifecycle cost elements. Incremental retail prices are evaluated relative to the prices of the specific baseline technologies that would otherwise be used in the vehicles if the fuel efficiency and emissions reduction technologies were not implemented. They account for all costs associated with the manufacturers and suppliers’ production and sale of the technologies to the retail purchaser. The life cycle cost element examines the costs of using the technologies during the vehicles’ lifetimes and are intended to inform separate, full-scale, life-cycle analysis.
- NHTSA’s 2014 Automatic Emergency Braking Test Track Evaluations, (DOT HS 812 166)
- NHTSA’s 2014 light vehicle automatic emergency braking (AEB) test program evaluated the ability of a 2014 Acura MDX, a 2014 BMW i3, a 2015 Hyundai Genesis, and a 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee to be tested with the agency’s August 2014 draft crash-imminent braking (CIB) and dynamic brake support (DBS) test procedures. The maneuvers were successfully validated and the performance of the vehicles compared to a common set of draft assessment reference values (ARVs). None of the vehicles discussed in this report were able to satisfy all CIB ARVs if their performance was considered against a “seven of eight” evaluation criteria, and only the Jeep Grand Cherokee was able to satisfy the DBS ARVs during at least seven of eight trials for each test condition.
- Commercial Medium- and Heavy-Duty (MD/HH) Truck Fuel Efficiency Technology Study, Report 1(DOT HS 812 146)
- The heavy-duty vehicle category, which spans from ¾-ton pickup trucks and vans up to the largest tractor-trailers, represents a major opportunity to cut transportation oil use and carbon pollution. This study assessed the effectiveness of various engine and vehicle technologies to reduce the fuel consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of heavy-duty vehicles. The results presented in this report show that known technologies can provide significant fuel and GHG emissions savings across a wide range of representative operating conditions. These results can be combined with cost and other information to estimate cost effectiveness of each technology.
- Review and Analysis of Potential Safety Impacts of and Regulatory Barriers to Fuel Efficiency Technologies and Alternative Fuels In Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles (DOT HS 812 159)
- The heavy-duty vehicle category, which spans from ¾-ton pickup trucks and vans up to the largest tractor-trailers, represents a major opportunity to cut transportation oil use and carbon pollution. This study assessed the safety of various engine and vehicle technologies that reduce fuel consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, including alternative fuels such as natural gas, biodiesel, electricity, etc. The findings suggest that the potential safety hazards identified during operation, maintenance, and crash scenarios can be prevented or mitigated by complying with safety regulations, voluntary standards, and industry best practices.
- Effects of Tire Rolling Resistance Levels on Class 8 Tractor Trailer Stopping Distance Performance (DOT HS 812 176)
- The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration commissioned a joint test program through to explore the effects of tire rolling resistance on Class 8 tractor-trailer stopping distance over a range of loading and surface conditions to determine whether there is a relationship between tire rolling resistance and stopping distance for vehicles of this type. The results suggest that tire rolling resistance is not a reliable indicator of Class 8 tractor-trailer stopping distance. Wet and dry stopping distance versus overall vehicle rolling resistance values did not meet the minimum threshold for any of the statistical significance test conditions. Tire rolling resistance and stopping distance were found to be negligible for the dry tests for both loading conditions. In terms of compliance with Federal safety standards, it was found that the stopping distance performance of the vehicle with the four tire sets studied in this research were well under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards No. 121 stopping distance requirements.
- Measurement of School Bus Pedal Dimensions DOT HS 812 168, June 2015
- The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigated four crashes of school buses and one of a fire truck that occurred from 2005-2009 and concluded that these accidents were consistent with pedal misapplication. Among the NTSB recommendations was that NHTSA analyze pedal configurations in heavy vehicles to determine the effect of pedal design on the driver’s task. This research was performed to provide an overview of the range of typical pedal dimensions in school buses.
- Van Hool 2014 CX45 Motorcoach Lane Departure Warning System Evaluation DOT HS 812 0130, March 2015
- Driver Brake and Accelerator Controls and Pedal Misapplication Rates in North Carolina DOT HS 812 058, May 2015
- Heavy-Vehicle Lane Departure Warning Test Development, DOT HS 812 078, November 2014
- Detection Response Task (DRT) Evaluation for Driver Distraction Measurement Application, DOT HS 812 077, November 2014
- Assessment of the Information Sharing and Analysis Center Model, DOT HS 812 076, October 2014
- A Summary of Cybersecurity Best Practices, DOT HS 812 075, October 2014
- Characterization of Potential Security Threats in Modern Automobiles: A Composite Modeling Approach, DOT HS 812 074, October 2014
- National Institute of Standards And Technology Cybersecurity Risk Management Framework Applied to Modern Vehicles, DOT HS 812 073, October 2014
- Human Factors for Connected Vehicles: Effective Warning Interface Research Findings, DOT HS 812 068, September 2014
- Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications: Readiness of V2V Technology for Application, DOT HS 812 014, August 2014
- Human Factors Evaluation of Level 2 and Level 3 Automated Driving Concepts: Past Research, State of Automation Technology, and Emerging System Concepts, DOT HS 812 043, July 2014
- Human Factors Evaluation of Level 2 and Level 3 Automated Driving Concepts: Concepts of Operation, DOT HS 812 044, July 2014
- Blind Spot Monitoring in Light Vehicles - System Performance, DOT HS 812 045, July 2014
- Objective Tests for Forward Looking Pedestrian Crash Avoidance/Mitigation Systems, DOT HS 812 040, June 2014
- Heavy Truck Pre-Crash Scenarios For Safety Applications Based on Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications DOT HS 812 023, June 2014
- Target Crashes and Safety Benefits Estimation Methodology For Pedestrian Crash Avoidance/Mitigation Systems, DOT HS 811 998, April 2014
- NHTSA Tire Aging Test Development Project Phase 2 - Evaluation of Laboratory Tire Aging Methods, DOT HS 811 885, February 2014
- Basis of Design for Advanced Crash-Avoidance Technology Test Course, DOT HS 811 988, March 2014
- Assessing the Feasibility of Vehicle-Based Sensors to Detect Drowsy Driving, DOT HS 811 886, February 2014
- Traffic Safety Facts: Advanced Countermeasures for Multiple Impairments, DOT HS 811 887, February 2014