NHTSA’s Crash Test Dummies

Meet NHTSA’s family of crash test dummies currently in service. The diverse group of dummies helps us understand and measure the human body’s movement during a crash, and see how it fares with various vehicle safety features. 

A lot of research goes into these dummies before they are put into use. Each of us differs in size and weight, so each crash test dummy is designed differently too. NHTSA’s family of dummies representation ranges from newborn infant to 6-year-old children to small females and average males. We're always looking to enhance their abilities, and in recent years advanced biomechanics research and measurement technologies have helped to improve crash dummy development.

What we learn from these dummies in our comprehensive crash tests helps to improve vehicle safety — saving more lives.

Crash test dummy 50th Percentile Adult Male Hybrid III

50th Percentile Adult Male 

Hybrid III 

5’ 9” - height represented

171 lbs - actual weight

Crash/Test, Position, NCAP/FMVSS No.
Front Impact Driver NCAP
Front Impact Driver FMVSS No. 208
Front Impact Front Passenger FMVSS No. 208
Rear Impact | Head Restraints* Various FMVSS No. 202a

Crash test dummy 50th Percentile Adult Male ES-2re

50th Percentile Adult Male

ES-2re 

5’ 9” - height represented

160 lbs - actual weight

Crash/Test, Position, NCAP/FMVSS No.
Side Impact  Driver NCAP
Side Impact  Driver FMVSS No. 214
Side Impact  Front Passenger FMVSS No. 214

Crash test dummy 5th Percentile Adult Female Hybrid III

5th Percentile Adult Female 

Hybrid III 

4’ 11” - height represented

108 lbs - actual weight

Crash/Test, Position, NCAP/FMVSS No.
Front Impact Front Passenger NCAP
Front Impact Driver FMVSS No. 208
Front Impact Front Passenger FMVSS No. 208
Front Air Bag Risk Assessment** Driver FMVSS No. 208
Front Air Bag Risk Assessment*** Front Passenger FMVSS No. 208

Crash test dummy Small Adult Female SID-IIsD

Small Adult Female

SID-IIsD 

4’ 11” - height represented

97 lbs - actual weight

Crash/Test, Position, NCAP/FMVSS No.
Side Impact  Driver  NCAP
Side Impact  Rear Driver Side  NCAP
Side Air Bag Risk Assessment Front Passenger NCAP
Side Air Bag Risk Assessment Rear Passenger Side NCAP
Side Impact  Driver FMVSS No. 214
Side Impact  Front Passenger FMVSS No. 214
Side Impact  Rear Driver Side FMVSS No. 214
Side Impact  Rear Passenger Side  FMVSS No. 214

Crash test dummy 10-Year-Old Child Hybrid III
10-Year-Old Child

Hybrid III

4’ 8” - height represented

78 lbs - actual weight

Crash/Test, Position, NCAP/FMVSS No.
Frontal Sled Test |
Child Car/Booster Seat
Various FMVSS No. 213

Crash test dummy 6–Year-Old Child Hybrid III
6–Year-Old Child

Hybrid III

3’ 11” - height represented

52 lbs - actual weight

Crash/Test, Position, NCAP/FMVSS No.
Side Air Bag Risk Assessment Front Passenger  NCAP
Side Air Bag Risk Assessment Rear Passenger Side NCAP
Front Air Bag Risk Assessment** Front Passenger  FMVSS No. 208
Frontal Sled Test |
Child Car/Booster Seat
Various FMVSS No. 213

Crash test dummy 6–Year-Old Child Hybrid III
6-Year-Old Weighted Child

Hybrid III

62 lbs - actual weight

Crash/Test, Position, NCAP/FMVSS No.
Frontal Sled Test |
Child Car/Booster Seat
Various FMVSS No. 213

Crash test dummy 3-Year-Old Child Hybrid III
3-Year-Old Child

Hybrid III

3’ 1” - height represented

36 lbs - actual weight

Crash/Test, Position, NCAP/FMVSS No.
Side Air Bag Risk Assessment Front Passenger  NCAP
Side Air Bag Risk Assessment Rear Passenger Side  NCAP
Front Air Bag Risk Assessment** Front Passenger  FMVSS No. 208
Frontal Sled Test |
Child Car/Booster Seat
Various FMVSS No. 213

Crash test dummy 12-Month-Old Infant CRABI
12-Month-Old Infant

CRABI

22 lbs - actual weight

Crash/Test, Position, NCAP/FMVSS No.
Front Air Bag Risk Assessment** Car Seat in
Front Passenger
FMVSS No. 208 
Frontal Sled Test | Child Car Seat Various FMVSS No. 213

Adult crash test dummy holding a baby dummy
Newborn Infant

CAMI

7.6 lbs - actual weight

Crash/Test, Position, NCAP/FMVSS No.
Front Air Bag Risk Assessment*** Child Seated in a
Car Bed
FMVSS No. 208
Frontal Sled Test | Child Car Seat Various FMVSS No. 213
*Low speed rear impact test. Crash test dummy is an optional test device.
**Low risk deployment/air bag suppression test
***Air bag suppression/reactivation

NHTSA's 5-Star Safety Ratings