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Laws & Regulations

Civil Penalty Settlement Amounts

Overview

The Vehicle Safety Act provides for civil penalties for certain violations and authorizes NHTSA to enter into settlements on penalties. 

Below are the civil penalty settlement amounts collected in fiscal years 2014-present and associated settlement documents. Civil penalty collections from 1999-2013 have been archived

This page does not include penalties paid for exceeding Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) levels. Those penalties are available on the CAFE webpage.

Settlements

Collected in FY-2021

DATE OF AGREEMENTDATE PENALTY RECEIVEDCOMPANYFILE NO.SUBJECTAMOUNT
 
8/26/20219/2/2021Piaggio Group Americas, Inc.Recall Nos. 14V-364, 15V-007, 15V-066, and 17V-468Untimeliness of four recalls (14V-364, 15V-007, 15V-066, and 17V-468), untimely submission of manufacturer communications and untimely submission of recall completion reports. 49 U.S.C. § 30118(c); 49 U.S.C. § 30166, 49 C.F.R. § 573.6; 49 C.F.R. § 573.7; 49 C.F.R. § 579.5.$275,000 ($750,000 Total Civil Penalty)Associated Document
11/23/20201/21/2021Kia Motors AmericaRQ17-003Untimeliness of recall 17v224 and inaccuracy in Defect and Noncompliance Information Report. 49 U.S.C. § 30118(c); 49 U.S.C. § 30166, 49 C.F.R. § 573.6.$27 million ($70 million Total Civil Penalty)Associated Document
11/23/20201/20/2021Hyundai Motor AmericaRQ17-004Untimeliness of 2 recalls (Recall Nos. 15V-568 and 17V-226), inaccuracies in Defect and Noncompliance Information Reports, and that a required report (SEL list) contained inaccuracies and omissions. 49 U.S.C. § 30118(c); 49 U.S.C. § 30166, 49 C.F.R. § 573.6.$54 million ($140 million Total Civil Penalty)Associated Document
12/29/20201/12/2021Daimler Trucks North America, LLCAQ18-002Violations of the Safety Act, in both the timeliness of 5 recalls (17V-761, 18V-163, 18V-157, 18V-158, and 18V-190), 49 U.S.C. § 30118(c); 49 C.F.R. §§ 573.6(b), and the untimely submission of manufacturer communications and field reports, 49 U.S.C. § 30166(f),(m); 49 C.F.R. §§ 579.5, 579.22.$10 million ($30 million Total Civil Penalty)Associated Document
Shows amount of money collected by company

Collected in FY-2020

DATE OF AGREEMENTDATE PENALTY RECEIVEDCOMPANYFILE NO.SUBJECTAMOUNT
 
8/19/20209/4/2020Ken Garff Automotive LLC/Northwest Chrysler Jeep Dodge RamAQ17-004Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i)$100,000.00Associated Document
12/18/20191/27/2020NavistarRecall Nos. 18V-315 and 18V-316Failure to timely file Defect and Noncompliance Information Reports with respect to NHTSA Recall Numbers 18V-315 and 18V-316. 49 U.S.C. §§ 30118(c), 30165; 49 C.F.R. §§ 573.6(a) and 571.217.$600,000 ($1 million Total Civil Penalty)Associated Document
12/17/201912/17/2019Mercedes-Benz, USAAQ18-004Failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect, failure to timely file certain quarterly reports and recall communications, failure to update recall reports when information became available, and untimely recalls. 49 U.S.C. §§ 30118(c) and 30119(c); 49 C.F.R. §§ 573.6, 573.7, and 577.7.$13 million ($20 million Total Civil Penalty)Associated Document
11/3/201512/3/2019TK Holdings Inc.EA15-001Failure to timely file defect information reports. 49 USC 30118(c)(l), 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.3, 573.6$36,164 (distribution from bankruptcy estate, total penalty $200,000,000)Associated Document
11/3/201511/22/2019TK Holdings Inc.EA15-001Failure to timely file defect information reports. 49 USC 30118(c)(l), 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.3, 573.6$9,041 (distribution from bankruptcy estate, total penalty $200,000,000)Associated Document
Shows amount of money collected by company

Collected in FY-2019

DATE OF AGREEMENTDATE PENALTY RECEIVEDCOMPANYFILE NO.SUBJECTAMOUNT
 
11/15/20165/9/19 (third and fourth installments)Ride the Ducks, International, LLCN/AFailure to certify vehicles, untimely recalls, failure to submit EWR reports and TSBs, failure to notify NHTSA of a defect, failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect, and failure to remedy a defect. 49 USC 30112(a), 30115, 30118(c), 30119(c), 30120 and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 577.5, 579.5, 579.27$160,000 (third and fourth of four installments totaling $480,000; total penalty $1,000,000)Associated Document
3/11/20194/15/19 (second installment)Bical Chevrolet Corp.AQ17-002Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11$20,000 (second of two installments totaling $40,000)Associated Document
3/11/20193/25/19 (first Installment)Bical Chevrolet Corp.AQ17-002Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11$20,000 (first of two installments totaling $40,000)Associated Document
Shows amount of money collected by company

Collected in FY-2018

DATE OF AGREEMENTDATE PENALTY RECEIVEDCOMPANYFILE NO.SUBJECTAMOUNT
 
12/11/20179/20/19 (fourth installment)C&M Trailers, Inc.Recall Nos. 16V-909; 16V-912; 16V-924;17V-602Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 CFR § 579.24. Manufacturing and certifying vehicles that do not comply with the FMVSS. 49 U.S.C. 30112 and 30115. Failing to submit identifying information. 49 CFR Part 566. Failure to comply with VIN requirements. 49 CFR Part 565. Failure to maintain information on first retail purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.6. Failure to maintain records of tire purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.10. Untimely recalls. 49 U.S.C. 30118.$2,500 (fourth of four installments totaling $10,000; total penalty$110,000)Associated Document
11/3/20157/2/2018TK Holdings Inc.EA15-001Failure to timely file defect information reports. 49 USC 30118(c)(l), 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.3, 573.6$133,718 (distribution from bankruptcy estate, total penalty $200,000,000)Associated Document
12/11/20176/19/18 (third installment)C&M Trailers, Inc.Recall Nos. 16V-909; 16V-912; 16V-924;17V-602Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 CFR § 579.24. Manufacturing and certifying vehicles that do not comply with the FMVSS. 49 U.S.C. 30112 and 30115. Failing to submit identifying information. 49 CFR Part 566. Failure to comply with VIN requirements. 49 CFR Part 565. Failure to maintain information on first retail purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.6. Failure to maintain records of tire purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.10. Untimely recalls. 49 U.S.C. 30118.$2,500 (third of four installments totaling $10,000; total penalty$110,000)Associated Document
11/15/20165/9/18 (second installment)Ride the Ducks International, LLCN/AFailure to certify vehicles, untimely recalls, failure to submit EWR reports and TSBs, failure to notify NHTSA of a defect, failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect, and failure to remedy a defect. 49 USC 30112(a), 30115, 30118(c), 30119(c), 30120 and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 577.5, 579.5, 579.27$80,000 (second of four installments totaling $480,000; total penalty $1,000,000)Associated Document
4/16/20184/27/2018Champion Ford Edinboro, IncAQ17-001Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11$20,000.00Associated Document
12/11/20173/20/18 (second installment)C&M Trailers, Inc.Recall Nos. 16V-909; 16V-912; 16V-924;17V-602Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 CFR § 579.24. Manufacturing and certifying vehicles that do not comply with the FMVSS. 49 U.S.C. 30112 and 30115. Failing to submit identifying information. 49 CFR Part 566. Failure to comply with VIN requirements. 49 CFR Part 565. Failure to maintain information on first retail purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.6. Failure to maintain records of tire purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.10. Untimely recalls. 49 U.S.C. 30118.$2,500 (second installment of four totaling $10,000; total penalty $110,000)Associated Document
7/30/201312/28/17 (sixth installment)Prevost, a division of Volvo Group Canada, Inc; Volvo Industrial de Mexico S.A. de C.V.; and Prevost Car (US) Inc.Recall Nos. 12V-295; 12V-303; 12V-309; 13V-015; 13V-021; and 13V-039Untimely recalls from 2009-2013, and untimely submission of EWR reports and TSBs. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c), 49 U.S.C. 30165(a)(3), and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 579.5, 579.22, 579.28$250,000 (sixth installment of six annual installments, totaling $1,500,000)Associated Document
12/11/201712/19/17 (first installment)C&M Trailers, Inc.Recall Nos. 16V-909; 16V-912; 16V-924;17V-602Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 CFR § 579.24. Manufacturing and certifying vehicles that do not comply with the FMVSS. 49 U.S.C. 30112 and 30115. Failing to submit identifying information. 49 CFR Part 566. Failure to comply with VIN requirements. 49 CFR Part 565. Failure to maintain information on first retail purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.6. Failure to maintain records of tire purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.10. Untimely recalls. 49 U.S.C. 30118.$2,500 (first installment of four totaling $10,000; total penalty $110,000)Associated Document
Shows amount of money collected by company

Collected in FY-2017

DATE OF AGREEMENTDATE PENALTY RECEIVEDCOMPANYFILE NO.SUBJECTAMOUNT
 
7/8/20159/8/17 (third installment)Spartan Motors, IncTQ14-003From 2003-2013 failed to submit TSBs. 49 U.S.C. 30166(m)(3)(B); 49 CFR 579.5. Untimely recalls. 49 USC 30118(c)(1) and 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.6(b).$333,333 (third installment of three annual installments, totaling $1,000,000; total penalty $9,000,000)Associated Document
11/15/20165/14/2017Ride the Ducks International, LLCN/AFailure to certify vehicles, untimely recalls, failure to submit EWR reports and TSBs, failure to notify NHTSA of a defect, failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect, and failure to remedy a defect. 49 USC 30112(a), 30115, 30118(c), 30119(c), 30120 and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 577.5, 579.5, 579.27$240,000 (first of 4 installments totaling $480,000; total penalty $1,000,000)Associated Document
1/17/20171/31/2017Michelin North America, Inc.N/ASale of uncertified tires. 49 USC 30112(a), 30115.$20,000.00Associated Document
3/14/20131/31/17 (fifth installment)Southern Honda Powersports (a/k/a Big Red Powersports LLC)AQ12-001Sale of unrepaired, recalled motorcycles in 2007 through 2012 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11$25,000 (fifth installment of five annual installments, totaling $125,000)Associated Document
7/30/201312/20/16 (fifth installment)Prevost, a division of Volvo Group Canada, Inc; Volvo Industrial de Mexico S.A. de C.V.; and Prevost Car (US) Inc.Recall Nos. 12V-295; 12V-303; 12V-309; 13V-015; 13V-021; and 13V-039Untimely recalls from 2009-2013, and untimely submission of EWR reports and TSBs. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c), 49 U.S.C. 30165(a)(3), and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 579.5, 579.22, 579.28$250,000 (fifth installment of six annual installments, totaling $1,500,000)Associated Document
12/8/201512/2/16 (second installment)Harbor Freight Tools USA, Inc.Recall No. 15E-019Untimely recall. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c). Failure to file certain quarterly reports 49 CFR 573.7. Failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect. 49 CFR 577.7$200,000 (second installment of two totaling $400,000; total penalty $1,000,000)Associated Document
11/3/201510/27/2016TK Holdings Inc.EA15-001Failure to timely file defect information reports. 49 USC 30118(c)(l), 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.3, 573.6.$10,000,000 (second installment of six annual installments totaling $70,000,000; total penalty $200,000,000Associated Document
Shows amount of money collected by company

Collected in FY-2016

DATE OF AGREEMENTDATE PENALTY RECEIVEDCOMPANYFILE NO.SUBJECTAMOUNT
 
8/28/20158/17/16 (second installment)Triumph Motorcycles (America) Ltd.AQ15-001Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 USC 30166(m); 49 CFR 579. Failure to file quarterly reports and recall communications. 49 CFR 577. 49 CFR 573.6(b); Failure to fully respond to Special Order by due date. 49 USC 30166(g)(1)(A)$700,000 (second installment of two totaling $1,400,000; total penalty $2,900,000)Associated Document
7/8/20156/29/16 (second installment)Spartan Motors, IncTQ14-003From 2003-2013 failed to submit TSBs. 49 U.S.C. 30166(m)(3)(B); 49 CFR 579.5. Untimely recalls. 49 USC 30118(c)(1) and 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.6(b).$333,333 (second installment of three annual installments, totaling $1,000,000; total penalty $9,000,000)Associated Document
12/8/20156/6/2016Harbor Freight Tools USA, Inc.Recall No. 15E-019Untimely recall. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c). Failure to file certain quarterly reports 49 CFR 573.7. Failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect. 49 CFR 577.7$200,000 (first installment of two totaling $400,000; total penalty $1,000,000)Associated Document
4/26/20165/11/2016International Autos, Inc.AQ15-003Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11$40,000.00Associated Document
3/24/20163/28/2016Sands Chevrolet LLCAQ14-001Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11$40,000.00Associated Document
8/28/20152/18/2016Triumph Motorcycles (America) Ltd.AQ15-001Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 USC 30166(m); 49 CFR 579. Failure to file quarterly reports and recall communications. 49 CFR 577. 49 CFR 573.6(b); Failure to fully respond to Special Order by due date. 49 USC 30166(g)(1)(A).$700,000 (first installment of two totaling $1,400,000; total penalty $2,900,000)Associated Document
12/17/20152/12/2016BMW of North America, LLCAQ15-004Untimely recall. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c). Failure to file certain quarterly reports 49 CFR 573.7. Failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect. 49 CFR 577.7$10,000,000 (total penalty $40,000,000)Associated Document
11/2/20152/1/2016TK Holdings, Inc.EA15-001Failure to timely file defect information reports. 49 USC 30118(c)(l), 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.3, 573.6.$10,000,000 (first installment of six annual installments totaling $70,000,000; total penalty $200,000,000)Associated Document
3/14/20132/1/16 (fourth installment)Southern Honda Powersports (a/k/a Big Red Powersports LLC)AQ12-001Sale of unrepaired, recalled motorcycles in 2007 through 2012 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11$25,000 (fourth installment of five annual installments, totaling $125,000)Associated Document
12/8/20151/7/2016FCA US, LLCAQ14-003XFailure to report certain death and injury incidents. 49 CFR 579.21(b). Failure to report certain aggregate data. 49 CFR 579.21(c).$70,000,000.00Associated Document
7/30/201312/31/15 (fourth installment)Prevost, a division of Volvo Group Canada, Inc; Volvo Industrial de Mexico S.A. de C.V.; and Prevost Car (US) Inc.Recall Nos. 12V-295; 12V-303; 12V-309; 13V-015; 13V-021; and 13V-039Untimely recalls from 2009-2013, and untimely submission of EWR reports and TSBs. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c), 49 U.S.C. 30165(a)(3), and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 579.5, 579.22, 579.28$250,000 (fourth installment of six annual installments, totaling $1,500,000)Associated Document
Shows amount of money collected by company

Collected in FY-2015

DATE OF AGREEMENTDATE PENALTY RECEIVEDCOMPANYFILE NO.SUBJECTAMOUNT
 
7/24/20159/18/2015FCA US, LLCAQ14-003;Recall Nos. 13V-038, 13V-252, 13V-527, 14V-154, 14V-373, 14V-391, 14V-438, 14V-567, 14V-634, 14V-635, 14V-749, 14V-795, 14V-796; 14V-817, 15V-041, 15V-046, 15V-090, 15V-114, 15V-115, 15V-178 and 15V-290Failure to adequately remedy defective vehicles. 49 USC 30120(a) and 30120(c). Untimely notification to vehicle owners. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c)(2); 49 CFR 577.5, 577.7(a)(l). Failure to provide timely, accurate, and complete information on defects and recalls. 49 USC § 30118(c); 49 CFR § 573.6.$70,000,000 (total penalty $105,000,000)Associated Document
7/8/20158/18/2015Spartan Motors, Inc.TQ14-003From 2003-2013 failed to submit TSBs. 49 U.S.C. 30166(m)(3)(B); 49 CFR 579.5. Untimely recalls. 49 USC 30118(c)(1) and 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.6(b).$333,333 (first installment of three annual installments, totaling $1,000,000; total penalty $9,000,000)Associated Document
7/8/20157/21/2015Forest River, Inc.AQ14-002Failure to submit EWR reports and report foreign safety recalls. 49 USC 30166(m); 49 CFR 579. Failure to file quarterly reports and recall communications. 49 CFR 577. Untimely recalls. 49 USC 30119(c); 49 CFR 573.6(b); Failure to fully respond to Special Order by due date. 49 USC 30166(g)(1)(A).$5,000,000 (total penalty $35,000,000)Associated Document
6/16/20156/16/2015Merhow IndustriesEQ13-00649 USC 30166(e) fail to make reports.$3,000.00Associated Document
3/19/20155/11/2015Graco Children’s Products, Inc.TQ14-004; Recall No. 14C-001Untimely recall in 2014. 49 USC 30118(c)(1) and 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.6(b).$3,000,000.00Associated Document
2/6/20153/18/2015Ricon Corp.EQ13-003; Recall Nos. 13E-001 and 14E-010Sale of defective equipment. 49 USC 30112(a)(3). Untimely recall. 49 CFR 573.6(b).$1,750,000.00Associated Document
12/29/20141/20/2015American Honda Motor Company, Inc.AQ14-004Failure to report certain death and injury incidents. 49 CFR 579.21(b). Failure to report customer satisfaction campaigns, special warranty extensions, and warranty claims. 49 CFR 579.21(c).$70,000,000.00Associated Document
3/14/20131/20/15 (third installment)Southern Honda Powersports (a/k/a Big Red Powersports LLC)AQ12-001Sale of unrepaired, recalled motorcycles in 2007 through 2012 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11.$25,000 (third installment of five annual installments, totaling $125,000)Associated Document
7/30/201312/29/14 (third installment)Prevost, a division of Volvo Group Canada, Inc; Volvo Industrial de Mexico S.A. de C.V.; and Prevost Car (US) Inc.Recall Nos. 12V-295; 12V-303; 12V-309; 13V-015; 13V-021; and 13V-039Untimely recalls from 2009-2013, and untimely submission of EWR reports and TSBs. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c), 49 U.S.C. 30165(a)(3), and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 579.5, 579.22, 579.28$250,000 (third installment of six annual installments, totaling $1,500,000).Associated Document
11/24/201412/2/2014Gwinnett Place NissanAQ12-003Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles in 2010 through 2013. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11$110,000.00Associated Document
10/1/201410/2/2014Chapman Chevrolet LLCAQ12-002Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles in 2010 through 2013. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11.$50,000.00Associated Document
10/31/201411/19/2014Ferrari S.pA. and Ferrari North America, Inc.N/AFailure to submit early warning reports. 49 CFR Part 579, Subpart C.$3,500,000.00Associated Document
Shows amount of money collected by company

Collected in FY-2014

DATE OF AGREEMENTDATE PENALTY RECEIVEDCOMPANYFILE NO.SUBJECTAMOUNT
 
8/8/20149/5/2014Hyundai Motor AmericaTQ14-002Untimely recall. 49 USC 30118(c)(1), 49 USC 30119(c)(2) and 49 CFR 573.6(b).$17,350,000.00Associated Document
5/16/20146/13/2014General Motors CompanyTQ14-001Untimely recall in 2014. 49 USC 30118(c)(1) and 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.6(b).$35,000,000.00Associated Document
5/16/20146/13/2014General Motors CompanyTQ14-001Failure to fully respond to Special Order by due date. 49 USC 30166(g)(1)(A), 49 CFR 510.7 and 510.8.$441,000.00Associated Document
3/14/20131/27/14 (second installment)Southern Honda Powersports (a/k/a Big Red Powersports LLC)AQ12-001Sale of unrepaired, recalled motorcycles in 2007 through 2012 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11.$25,000 (second installment of five annual installments, totaling $125,000)Associated Document
7/30/201312/26/13 (second installment)Prevost, a division of Volvo Group Canada, Inc; Volvo Industrial de Mexico S.A. de C.V.; and Prevost Car (US) Inc.Recall Nos. 12V-295; 12V-303; 12V-309; 13V-015; 13V-021; and 13V-039Untimely recalls from 2009-2013, and untimely submission of EWR reports and TSBs. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c), 49 U.S.C. 30165(a)(3), and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 579.5, 579.22, 579.28$250,000 (second installment of six annual installments, totaling $1,500,000)Associated Document
Shows amount of money collected by company

Settlement amounts from FY 2013-1999.