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Laws & Regulations

Civil Penalty Settlement Amounts

Overview

Civil penalty settlement amounts collected in Fiscal Years (FY) 2020-2013. The Vehicle Safety Act provides for civil penalties for certain violations and authorizes NHTSA to enter into settlements on penalties. 49 USC 30165.

This page also contains a listing of civil penalty settlement amounts for violations of the Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save Act of 2009 (CARS Act) and its implementing regulations. These settlement amounts are included in FY 2010 and FY 2011.

This page does not include penalties paid for exceeding Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) levels. Those penalties are here.

Unless identified with a file number (file no.) beginning in "CARS," all actions and their settlements relate to the Vehicle Safety Act.

Settlements

Collected in FY-2021

Date of agreement Date penalty received Company File No. Subject Amount
 
11/23/2020 1/21/2021 Kia Motors America RQ17-003 Untimeliness of recall 17v224 and inaccuracy in Defect and Noncompliance Information Report. 49 U.S.C. § 30118(c); 49 U.S.C. § 30166, 49 C.F.R. § 573.6. $27 million ($70 million Total Civil Penalty)
11/23/2020 1/20/2021 Hyundai Motor America RQ17-004 ntimeliness of 2 recalls (Recall Nos. 15V-568 and 17V-226), inaccuracies in Defect and Noncompliance Information Reports, and that a required report (SEL list) contained inaccuracies and omissions. 49 U.S.C. § 30118(c); 49 U.S.C. § 30166, 49 C.F.R. § 573.6. $54 million ($140 million Total Civil Penalty)
12/29/2020 1/12/2021 Daimler Trucks North America, LLC AQ18-002 Violations of the Safety Act, in both the timeliness of 5 recalls (17V-761, 18V-163, 18V-157, 18V-158, and 18V-190), 49 U.S.C. § 30118(c); 49 C.F.R. §§ 573.6(b), and the untimely submission of manufacturer communications and field reports, 49 U.S.C. § 30166(f),(m); 49 C.F.R. §§ 579.5, 579.22. $10 million ($30 million Total Civil Penalty)
Collected in FY-2021

Collected in FY-2020

Date of agreement Date penalty received Company File No. Subject Amount
 
8/19/2020 9/4/2020 Ken Garff Automotive LLC/Northwest Chrysler Jeep Dodge Ram AQ17-004 Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i) $100,000
12/18/19 1/27/20 Navistar Recall Nos. 18V-315 and 18V-316 Failure to timely file Defect and Noncompliance Information Reports with respect to NHTSA Recall Numbers 18V-315 and 18V-316. 49 U.S.C. §§ 30118(c), 30165; 49 C.F.R. §§ 573.6(a) and 571.217. $600,000 ($1 million Total Civil Penalty)
12/17/19 12/17/19 Mercedes-Benz, USA AQ18-004 Failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect, failure to timely file certain quarterly reports and recall communications, failure to update recall reports when information became available, and untimely recalls. 49 U.S.C. §§ 30118(c) and 30119(c); 49 C.F.R. §§ 573.6, 573.7, and 577.7. $13 million ($20 million Total Civil Penalty)
11/3/15 12/3/2019 TK Holdings Inc. EA15-001 Failure to timely file defect information reports. 49 USC 30118(c)(l), 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.3, 573.6 $36,164 (distribution from bankruptcy estate, total penalty $200,000,000)
11/3/15 11/22/2019 TK Holdings Inc. EA15-001 Failure to timely file defect information reports. 49 USC 30118(c)(l), 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.3, 573.6 $9,041 (distribution from bankruptcy estate, total penalty $200,000,000)
Collected in FY-2020

Collected in FY-2019

Date of agreement Date penalty received Company File No. Subject Amount
 
11/15/16 5/9/19 (third and fourth installments) Ride the Ducks, International, LLC N/A Failure to certify vehicles, untimely recalls, failure to submit EWR reports and TSBs, failure to notify NHTSA of a defect, failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect, and failure to remedy a defect. 49 USC 30112(a), 30115, 30118(c), 30119(c), 30120 and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 577.5, 579.5, 579.27 $160,000 (third and fourth of four installments totaling $480,000; total penalty $1,000,000)
3/11/19 4/15/19 (second installment) Bical Chevrolet Corp. AQ17-002 Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11 $20,000 (second of two installments totaling $40,000)
3/11/19 3/25/19 (first Installment) Bical Chevrolet Corp. AQ17-002 Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11 $20,000 (first of two installments totaling $40,000)
Collected in FY-2019

Collected in FY-2018

Date of agreement Date penalty received Company File No. Subject Amount
 
12/11/17 9/20/19 (fourth installment) C&M Trailers, Inc. Recall Nos. 16V-909; 16V-912; 16V-924;17V-602 Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 CFR § 579.24. Manufacturing and certifying vehicles that do not comply with the FMVSS. 49 U.S.C. 30112 and 30115. Failing to submit identifying information. 49 CFR Part 566. Failure to comply with VIN requirements. 49 CFR Part 565. Failure to maintain information on first retail purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.6. Failure to maintain records of tire purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.10. Untimely recalls. 49 U.S.C. 30118. $2,500 (fourth of four installments totaling $10,000; total penalty$110,000)
11/3/15 7/2/18 TK Holdings Inc. EA15-001 Failure to timely file defect information reports. 49 USC 30118(c)(l), 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.3, 573.6 $133,718 (distribution from bankruptcy estate, total penalty $200,000,000)
12/11/17 6/19/18 (third installment) C&M Trailers, Inc. Recall Nos. 16V-909; 16V-912; 16V-924;17V-602 Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 CFR § 579.24. Manufacturing and certifying vehicles that do not comply with the FMVSS. 49 U.S.C. 30112 and 30115. Failing to submit identifying information. 49 CFR Part 566. Failure to comply with VIN requirements. 49 CFR Part 565. Failure to maintain information on first retail purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.6. Failure to maintain records of tire purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.10. Untimely recalls. 49 U.S.C. 30118. $2,500 (third of four installments totaling $10,000; total penalty$110,000)
11/15/16 5/9/18 (second installment) Ride the Ducks International, LLC N/A Failure to certify vehicles, untimely recalls, failure to submit EWR reports and TSBs, failure to notify NHTSA of a defect, failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect, and failure to remedy a defect. 49 USC 30112(a), 30115, 30118(c), 30119(c), 30120 and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 577.5, 579.5, 579.27 $80,000 (second of four installments totaling $480,000; total penalty $1,000,000)
4/16/18 4/27/18 Champion Ford Edinboro, Inc AQ17-001 Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11 $20,000
12/11/17 3/20/18 (second installment) C&M Trailers, Inc. Recall Nos. 16V-909; 16V-912; 16V-924;17V-602 Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 CFR § 579.24. Manufacturing and certifying vehicles that do not comply with the FMVSS. 49 U.S.C. 30112 and 30115. Failing to submit identifying information. 49 CFR Part 566. Failure to comply with VIN requirements. 49 CFR Part 565. Failure to maintain information on first retail purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.6. Failure to maintain records of tire purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.10. Untimely recalls. 49 U.S.C. 30118. $2,500 (second installment of four totaling $10,000; total penalty $110,000)
7/30/13 12/28/17 (sixth installment) Prevost, a division of Volvo Group Canada, Inc; Volvo Industrial de Mexico S.A. de C.V.; and Prevost Car (US) Inc. Recall Nos. 12V-295; 12V-303; 12V-309; 13V-015; 13V-021; and 13V-039 Untimely recalls from 2009-2013, and untimely submission of EWR reports and TSBs. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c), 49 U.S.C. 30165(a)(3), and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 579.5, 579.22, 579.28 $250,000 (sixth installment of six annual installments, totaling $1,500,000)
12/11/17 12/19/17 (first installment) C&M Trailers, Inc. Recall Nos. 16V-909; 16V-912; 16V-924;17V-602 Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 CFR § 579.24. Manufacturing and certifying vehicles that do not comply with the FMVSS. 49 U.S.C. 30112 and 30115. Failing to submit identifying information. 49 CFR Part 566. Failure to comply with VIN requirements. 49 CFR Part 565. Failure to maintain information on first retail purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.6. Failure to maintain records of tire purchasers. 49 CFR § 575.10. Untimely recalls. 49 U.S.C. 30118. $2,500 (first installment of four totaling $10,000; total penalty $110,000)
Collected in FY-2018

Collected in FY-2017

Date of agreement Date penalty received Company File No. Subject Amount
 
7/8/15 9/8/17 (third installment) Spartan Motors, Inc TQ14-003 From 2003-2013 failed to submit TSBs. 49 U.S.C. 30166(m)(3)(B); 49 CFR 579.5. Untimely recalls. 49 USC 30118(c)(1) and 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.6(b). $333,333 (third installment of three annual installments, totaling $1,000,000; total penalty $9,000,000)
11/15/16 5/14/17 Ride the Ducks International, LLC N/A Failure to certify vehicles, untimely recalls, failure to submit EWR reports and TSBs, failure to notify NHTSA of a defect, failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect, and failure to remedy a defect. 49 USC 30112(a), 30115, 30118(c), 30119(c), 30120 and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 577.5, 579.5, 579.27 $240,000 (first of 4 installments totaling $480,000; total penalty $1,000,000)
1/17/17 1/31/17 Michelin North America, Inc. N/A Sale of uncertified tires. 49 USC 30112(a), 30115. $20,000
3/14/13 1/31/17 (fifth installment) Southern Honda Powersports (a/k/a Big Red Powersports LLC) AQ12-001 Sale of unrepaired, recalled motorcycles in 2007 through 2012 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11 $25,000 (fifth installment of five annual installments, totaling $125,000)
7/30/13 12/20/16 (fifth installment) Prevost, a division of Volvo Group Canada, Inc; Volvo Industrial de Mexico S.A. de C.V.; and Prevost Car (US) Inc. Recall Nos. 12V-295; 12V-303; 12V-309; 13V-015; 13V-021; and 13V-039 Untimely recalls from 2009-2013, and untimely submission of EWR reports and TSBs. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c), 49 U.S.C. 30165(a)(3), and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 579.5, 579.22, 579.28 $250,000 (fifth installment of six annual installments, totaling $1,500,000)
12/8/15 12/2/16 (second installment) Harbor Freight Tools USA, Inc. Recall No. 15E-019 Untimely recall. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c). Failure to file certain quarterly reports 49 CFR 573.7. Failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect. 49 CFR 577.7 $200,000 (second installment of two totaling $400,000; total penalty $1,000,000)
11/3/15 10/27/16 TK Holdings Inc. EA15-001 Failure to timely file defect information reports. 49 USC 30118(c)(l), 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.3, 573.6. $10,000,000 (second installment of six annual installments totaling $70,000,000; total penalty $200,000,000
Settlements collected in fiscal year 2017.

Collected in FY-2016

Date of agreement Date penalty received Company File No. Subject Amount
 
8/28/15 8/17/16 (second installment) Triumph Motorcycles (America) Ltd. AQ15-001 Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 USC 30166(m); 49 CFR 579. Failure to file quarterly reports and recall communications. 49 CFR 577. 49 CFR 573.6(b); Failure to fully respond to Special Order by due date. 49 USC 30166(g)(1)(A) $700,000 (second installment of two totaling $1,400,000; total penalty $2,900,000)
7/8/15 6/29/16 (second installment) Spartan Motors, Inc TQ14-003 From 2003-2013 failed to submit TSBs. 49 U.S.C. 30166(m)(3)(B); 49 CFR 579.5. Untimely recalls. 49 USC 30118(c)(1) and 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.6(b). $333,333 (second installment of three annual installments, totaling $1,000,000; total penalty $9,000,000)
12/8/15 6/6/16 Harbor Freight Tools USA, Inc. Recall No. 15E-019 Untimely recall. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c). Failure to file certain quarterly reports 49 CFR 573.7. Failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect. 49 CFR 577.7 $200,000 (first installment of two totaling $400,000; total penalty $1,000,000)
4/26/16 5/11/16 International Autos, Inc. AQ15-003 Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11 $40,000
3/24/16 3/28/16 Sands Chevrolet LLC AQ14-001 Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11 $40,000
8/28/15 2/18/16 Triumph Motorcycles (America) Ltd. AQ15-001 Failure to submit EWR reports. 49 USC 30166(m); 49 CFR 579. Failure to file quarterly reports and recall communications. 49 CFR 577. 49 CFR 573.6(b); Failure to fully respond to Special Order by due date. 49 USC 30166(g)(1)(A). $700,000 (first installment of two totaling $1,400,000; total penalty $2,900,000)
12/17/15 2/12/16 BMW of North America, LLC AQ15-004 Untimely recall. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c). Failure to file certain quarterly reports 49 CFR 573.7. Failure to timely notify owners of the existence of a defect. 49 CFR 577.7 $10,000,000 (total penalty $40,000,000)
11/2/15 2/1/2016 TK Holdings, Inc. EA15-001 Failure to timely file defect information reports. 49 USC 30118(c)(l), 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.3, 573.6. $10,000,000 (first installment of six annual installments totaling $70,000,000; total penalty $200,000,000)
3/14/13 2/1/16 (fourth installment) Southern Honda Powersports (a/k/a Big Red Powersports LLC) AQ12-001 Sale of unrepaired, recalled motorcycles in 2007 through 2012 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11 $25,000 (fourth installment of five annual installments, totaling $125,000)
12/8/15 1/7/16 FCA US, LLC AQ14-003X Failure to report certain death and injury incidents. 49 CFR 579.21(b). Failure to report certain aggregate data. 49 CFR 579.21(c). $70,000,000
7/30/13 12/31/15 (fourth installment) Prevost, a division of Volvo Group Canada, Inc; Volvo Industrial de Mexico S.A. de C.V.; and Prevost Car (US) Inc. Recall Nos. 12V-295; 12V-303; 12V-309; 13V-015; 13V-021; and 13V-039 Untimely recalls from 2009-2013, and untimely submission of EWR reports and TSBs. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c), 49 U.S.C. 30165(a)(3), and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 579.5, 579.22, 579.28 $250,000 (fourth installment of six annual installments, totaling $1,500,000)
Settlements collected in fiscal year 2016.

Collected in FY-2015

Date of agreement Date penalty received Company File No. Subject Amount
 
7/24/15 9/18/15 FCA US, LLC AQ14-003;Recall Nos. 13V-038, 13V-252, 13V-527, 14V-154, 14V-373, 14V-391, 14V-438, 14V-567, 14V-634, 14V-635, 14V-749, 14V-795, 14V-796; 14V-817, 15V-041, 15V-046, 15V-090, 15V-114, 15V-115, 15V-178 and 15V-290 Failure to adequately remedy defective vehicles. 49 USC 30120(a) and 30120(c). Untimely notification to vehicle owners. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c)(2); 49 CFR 577.5, 577.7(a)(l). Failure to provide timely, accurate, and complete information on defects and recalls. 49 USC § 30118(c); 49 CFR § 573.6. $70,000,000 (total penalty $105,000,000)
7/8/15 8/18/15 Spartan Motors, Inc. TQ14-003 From 2003-2013 failed to submit TSBs. 49 U.S.C. 30166(m)(3)(B); 49 CFR 579.5. Untimely recalls. 49 USC 30118(c)(1) and 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.6(b). $333,333 (first installment of three annual installments, totaling $1,000,000; total penalty $9,000,000)
7/8/15 7/21/15 Forest River, Inc. AQ14-002 Failure to submit EWR reports and report foreign safety recalls. 49 USC 30166(m); 49 CFR 579. Failure to file quarterly reports and recall communications. 49 CFR 577. Untimely recalls. 49 USC 30119(c); 49 CFR 573.6(b); Failure to fully respond to Special Order by due date. 49 USC 30166(g)(1)(A). $5,000,000 (total penalty $35,000,000)
6/16/15 6/16/15 Merhow Industries EQ13-006 49 USC 30166(e) fail to make reports. $3,000
3/19/15 5/11/15 Graco Children’s Products, Inc. TQ14-004; Recall No. 14C-001 Untimely recall in 2014. 49 USC 30118(c)(1) and 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.6(b). $3,000,000
2/6/15 3/18/15 Ricon Corp. EQ13-003; Recall Nos. 13E-001 and 14E-010 Sale of defective equipment. 49 USC 30112(a)(3). Untimely recall. 49 CFR 573.6(b). $1,750,000
12/29/14 1/20/15 American Honda Motor Company, Inc. AQ14-004 Failure to report certain death and injury incidents. 49 CFR 579.21(b). Failure to report customer satisfaction campaigns, special warranty extensions, and warranty claims. 49 CFR 579.21(c). $70,000,000
3/14/13 1/20/15 (third installment) Southern Honda Powersports (a/k/a Big Red Powersports LLC) AQ12-001 Sale of unrepaired, recalled motorcycles in 2007 through 2012 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11. $25,000 (third installment of five annual installments, totaling $125,000)
7/30/13 12/29/14 (third installment) Prevost, a division of Volvo Group Canada, Inc; Volvo Industrial de Mexico S.A. de C.V.; and Prevost Car (US) Inc. Recall Nos. 12V-295; 12V-303; 12V-309; 13V-015; 13V-021; and 13V-039 Untimely recalls from 2009-2013, and untimely submission of EWR reports and TSBs. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c), 49 U.S.C. 30165(a)(3), and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 579.5, 579.22, 579.28 $250,000 (third installment of six annual installments, totaling $1,500,000).
11/24/14 12/2/14 Gwinnett Place Nissan AQ12-003 Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles in 2010 through 2013. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11 $110,000
10/1/14 10/2/14 Chapman Chevrolet LLC AQ12-002 Sale and delivery of unremedied, recalled vehicles in 2010 through 2013. 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11. $50,000
10/31/14 11/19/14 Ferrari S.pA. and Ferrari North America, Inc. N/A Failure to submit early warning reports. 49 CFR Part 579, Subpart C. $3,500,000
Collected in FY-2015

Collected in FY-2014

Date of agreement Date penalty received Company File No. Subject Amount
 
8/8/14 9/5/14 Hyundai Motor America TQ14-002 Untimely recall. 49 USC 30118(c)(1), 49 USC 30119(c)(2) and 49 CFR 573.6(b). $17,350,000
5/16/14 6/13/14 General Motors Company TQ14-001 Untimely recall in 2014. 49 USC 30118(c)(1) and 30119(c)(2), 49 CFR 573.6(b). $35,000,000
5/16/14 6/13/14 General Motors Company TQ14-001 Failure to fully respond to Special Order by due date. 49 USC 30166(g)(1)(A), 49 CFR 510.7 and 510.8. $441,000
3/14/13 1/27/14 (second installment) Southern Honda Powersports (a/k/a Big Red Powersports LLC) AQ12-001 Sale of unrepaired, recalled motorcycles in 2007 through 2012 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11. $25,000 (second installment of five annual installments, totaling $125,000)
7/30/13 12/26/13 (second installment) Prevost, a division of Volvo Group Canada, Inc; Volvo Industrial de Mexico S.A. de C.V.; and Prevost Car (US) Inc. Recall Nos. 12V-295; 12V-303; 12V-309; 13V-015; 13V-021; and 13V-039 Untimely recalls from 2009-2013, and untimely submission of EWR reports and TSBs. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c), 49 U.S.C. 30165(a)(3), and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 579.5, 579.22, 579.28 $250,000 (second installment of six annual installments, totaling $1,500,000)
Collected in FY-2014

Collected in FY-2013

Date of agreement Date penalty received Company File No. Subject Amount
 
3/8/13 8/13/13 Wilson Bros.-Hanover, Inc., t/a Galena Chrysler R08-357 Registered importer violation – breach of 2008 settlement agreement, failure to submit conformity packages, release of vehicle still under bond. 49 USC 30112(a) and 30146, 49 CFR 591.8, 592.6, and 592.8. $10,500 (2nd Installment of 2)
7/30/13 8/7/13 (first installment) Prevost, a division of Volvo Group Canada, Inc; Volvo Industrial de Mexico S.A. de C.V.; and Prevost Car (US) Inc. Recall Nos. 12V-295; 12V-303; 12V-309; 13V-015; 13V-021; and 13V-039 Untimely recalls from 2009-2013, and untimely submission of EWR reports and TSBs. 49 USC 30118(c), 30119(c), 49 U.S.C. 30165(a)(3), and 30166; 49 CFR §§ 573.6, 579.5, 579.22, 579.28 $250,000 (first installment of six annual installments, totaling $1,500,000).
6/28/13 7/26/13 Ford Motor Company Recall 12V-353 Untimely recall in 2012 for stuck throttle when accelerator pedal is fully or almost-fully depressed. 49 USC 30118(c) and 30119(c), 49 CFR 573.6 $17,350,000
5/22/13 5/31/2013 Lotus N/A Importation of 51 noncompliant vehicles (outside an exemption) 49 USC 30112(a), 49 CFR 571.208 S14.7 $82,000
4/29/13 5/2/2013 Phine Designs, Inc. N/A Illegal modification - rendering head restraint inoperative 49 USC 30112. $1,000
3/14/13 3/15/2013 Southern Honda Powersports (a/k/a Big Red Powersports LLC) AQ12-001 Sale of unrepaired, recalled motorcycles in 2007 through 2012 49 USC 30120(i) and 49 CFR 573.11. $25,000 (1st installment)
03/08/13 3/26/2013 Wilson Bros-Hanover Inc., trading as Galena Chrysler R08-357 Registered importer violation – breach of 2008 settlement agreement, failure to submit conformity packages, release of vehicle still under bond. 49 USC 30112(a) and 30146, 49 CFR 591.8, 592.6, and 592.8. $10,500
12/17/2012 1/15/2013 Toyota Recall 12V-305 Untimely recall in 2012. 49 USC 30118(c) and 30119(c), 49 CFR 573.6 $17,350,000
Collected in FY-2013

Settlement amounts from FY 2012-1999.