Summer Driving Tips 2020

Summer Driving Tips PDF, 879.12 KB

Summertime often means summer travel, and though your travel plans may be different this year, now is a good time to review these summer driving safety tips. Prevention and planning may take a little time up front but will spare you from dealing with the consequences of a breakdown—or worse yet, a highway crash—later.

Summer Vehicle Safety Statistics

52
NUMBER OF CHILDREN THAT DIED OF VEHICULAR HEATSTROKE IN 2019 — ONE OF THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF DEATHS IN THE LAST 20 YEARS
104
CORE BODY TEMPERATURE AT WHICH HEATSTROKE BEGINS
9050
NUMBER OF FATAL MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES DURING THE MONTHS OF JUNE THROUGH AUGUST IN 2018

Keep Kids Safe

In and Around the Car

Heatstroke

Summer Driving Tips Heatstroke graphic

There are other dangers to children in and around cars that you should know. For example, heatstroke can occur when a child is left unattended in a parked vehicle or gains unsupervised access. Never leave children alone in the car—not even for a few minutes or with the engine running. Vehicles heat up quickly; if the outside temperature is in the low 80s°, the temperature inside the vehicle can reach deadly levels in just a few minutes—even with a window rolled down. A child’s body temperature rises 3 to 5 times faster than that of an adult.

Visit NHTSA.gov/Heatstroke to learn more tips and reminders to prevent heatstroke.

Backing Out/Parking

Summer Driving Tips Backup Camera graphic

Before you back out of a driveway or parking spot, prevent backovers by walking around your vehicle to check for children running and playing. When using a backup camera, remember that kids, pets, and objects may be out of view but still in the path of your vehicle. When children play, they are often oblivious to cars and trucks around them. They may believe that motorists will watch out for them. Furthermore, every vehicle has a blind zone. As the size and height of a vehicle increases, so does the “blind zone” area. Large vehicles, trucks, SUVs, RVs, and vans are more likely than cars to be involved in backovers.

Summer Driving Tips

Before you head out for your road trip, take the time to review these summer travel safety tips. A little preparation can go a long way.

Stock Your Vehicle

Even a well-maintained vehicle can break down, so it’s advisable to put together an emergency roadside kit to carry with you. A cell phone tops the list of suggested emergency kit contents since it allows you to call for help when and where you need it. Suggested emergency roadside kit contents include:

  • Cell phone and charger
  • First aid kit
  • Flashlight
  • Flares and a white flag
  • Jumper cables
  • Tire pressure gauge
  • Jack (and ground mat) for changing a tire
  • Work gloves and a change of clothes
  • Basic repair tools and some duct tape (for temporarily repairing a hose leak)
  • Water and paper towels for cleaning up
  • Nonperishable food, drinking water, and medicines
  • Extra windshield washer fluid
  • Maps
  • Emergency blankets, towels and coats

Before You Go

Check for Recalls

Image showing where VIN is located in vehicle

Owners may not always know that their vehicle has been recalled and needs to be repaired. NHTSA's VIN lookup tool lets you enter a Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) to quickly learn if a specific vehicle has not been repaired as part of a safety recall in the last 15 years. Check for recalls on your vehicle by searching now: NHTSA.gov/Recalls. And sign up for email recall alerts at NHTSA.gov/Alerts.

Get Your Car Serviced

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Regular maintenance such as tune-ups, oil changes, battery checks, and tire rotations go a long way toward preventing breakdowns. If your vehicle has been serviced according to the manufacturer’s recommendations, it should be in good condition to travel. If not—or you don’t know the service history of the vehicle you plan to drive—schedule a preventive maintenance checkup with your mechanic right away.

Know Your Car

Know Your Car - Owner's Manual

Read your vehicle’s manual to familiarize yourself with the features on your vehicle — such as antilock brakes and electronic stability control — and how the features perform in wintry conditions. When renting a car, become familiar with the vehicle before driving it off the lot.

Plan Your Travel and Route

Winter Tips Vehicle Checklist - Plan Your Travel and Route

Before heading out, make sure to check the weather, road conditions, and traffic. Don’t rush through your trip, and allow plenty of time to get to your destination safely. And always familiarize yourself with directions and maps before you go, even if you use a GPS system, and let others know your route and anticipated arrival time.

Understanding Vehicle Recalls

NHTSA's Recall Lookup Tool lets you enter a Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) to quickly learn if your vehicle has been recalled.

Vehicle Safety Checklist

  • Battery

    Winter Driving Tips - Vehicle Safety Checklist - Battery

    Have your mechanic check your battery, charging system, and belts, and have them make any necessary repairs or replacements. For hybrid-electric vehicles, keep gasoline in the tank to support the gasoline engine.

  • Lights

    Winter Driving Tips - Vehicle Safety Checklist - Lights

    Check your headlights, brake lights, turn signals, emergency flashers, and interior lights. Be sure to also check your trailer brake lights and turn signals, if necessary.

  • Cooling System

    Winter Driving Tips - Vehicle Safety Checklist - Cooling System

    Make sure you have enough coolant in your vehicle, and that the coolant meets the manufacturer’s specifications. See your vehicle owner’s manual for specific recommendations on coolant. You or a mechanic should check the cooling system for leaks, test the coolant, and drain or replace old coolant as needed.

  • Fluid Level

    Driving Tips - Vehicle Safety Checklist - Fluid Levels

    Check your vehicle’s oil level periodically. As with coolant, if it’s time or even nearly time to have the oil changed, now would be a good time to do it. In addition, check the following fluid levels: brake, automatic transmission or clutch, power steering, and windshield washer. Make sure each reservoir is full; if you see any signs of fluid leakage, take your vehicle in to be serviced.

  • Belts and Hoses

    Driving Tips - Vechicle Safety Checklist - Belts & Hoses

    Look under the hood and inspect all belts and hoses to make sure there are no signs of bulges, blisters, cracks, or cuts in the rubber. High summer temperatures accelerate the rate at which rubber belts and hoses degrade, so it’s best to replace them now if they show signs of obvious wear. While you’re at it, check all hose connections to make sure they’re secure.

  • Wiper Blades

    Winter Driving Tips - Vehicle Safety Checklist - Windshield

    After the heavy toll imposed by winter storms and spring rains, windshield wiper blades may need to be replaced. Like rubber belts and hoses, wiper blades are vulnerable to the summer heat. Examine your blades for signs of wear and tear on both sides. The blades can also deform and fail to work properly in both directions. If they aren’t in top condition, invest in new ones before you go.

  • Air Conditioning

    Driving Tips - Vechicle Safety Checklist - Air Conditioning

    Check A/C performance before traveling. Lack of air conditioning on a hot summer day affects people who are in poor health or who are sensitive to heat, such as children and older adults.

  • Floor Mats

    Driving Tips - Vehicle Safety Checklist - Floor Mats

    Improperly installed floor mats in your vehicle may interfere with the operation of the accelerator or brake pedal, increasing the risk of a crash. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for mat installation, use retention clips to secure the mat and prevent it from sliding forward, and always use mats that are the correct size and fit for your vehicle.

Tire Safety

 

Make sure each tire is filled to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended inflation pressure, which is listed in your owner’s manual and on a placard located on the driver’s side door frame. The correct pressure is NOT the number listed on the tire. Be sure to check tires when they are cold, which means the car hasn’t been driven for at least three hours. Read through for safe tire tips:

winter-tips-tire-icon

  • Inspect your tires at least once a month and before long road trips. It only takes about five minutes. Check your spare tire as well.
  • Check out NHTSA.gov/Tires for tire ratings before buying new ones.
  • Look closely at your tread and replace tires that have uneven wear or insufficient tread. Tread should be at least 2/32 of an inch or greater on all tires.
  • Check the age of each tire. Some vehicle manufacturers recommend that tires be replaced every six years regardless of use, but check your owner’s manual to find out.
  • For more information on tire safety, visit NHTSA’s Tires.
Check Your Tires

738 total motor vehicle traffic fatalities in 2017 in tire-related crashes. Learn how to check your tires before you go.* *Source

Safety First

Protect Yourself and Your Loved Ones

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Buckle Up. Every Trip. Every Time. Ensure that everyone else in your vehicle is buckled-up in age- and size-appropriate car seats, booster seats, or seat belts.

Protect the Children

winter-tips-carseat-icon

  • Remember that all children under age 13 should always ride properly buckled in the back seat.
  • Make sure car seats and booster seats are properly installed and that any children riding with you are in the right seat for their ages and sizes. See child passenger safety recommendations to find out how to select the right car seat for your child’s age and size. To learn more and find a free car seat inspection station near you, please visit the Child Car Seat Inspection Station Locator.
  • Never leave your child unattended in or around your vehicle.
  • Always remember to lock your vehicle and to keep your keys out of reach when exiting so children do not play or get trapped inside.
Installing a Car Seat Properly

Once you’ve become familiar with vehicle and car seat parts used for installation, make sure you install your car seat properly.

On the Road

Stay Alert

Winter Driving Tips - Stay Alert

Keep your gas tank close to full whenever possible, and, on longer trips, plan enough time to stop to stretch, get something to eat, return calls or text messages, and change drivers or rest if you feel drowsy.

Avoid Risky Behaviors

winter-tips-avoid-icon

You know the rules: Do not text or drive distracted; obey posted speed limits; and always drive sober.  Both alcohol and drugs whether legal or illicit can cause impairment.  It is illegal to drive impaired by any substance in all states – no exceptions. Alcohol and drugs can impair the skills critical for safe and responsible driving such as coordination, judgment, perception, and reaction time.

Summer Driving Tips

Save or print these essential Summer Driving Tips so you can refer to them on the go.