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Effectiveness: 2 Star Cost: $$
Use: Medium
Time: Short

This countermeasure involves programs based on direct interaction and engagement with parents to better equip them to supervise and manage their teens’ driving during the GDL phase. These programs typically involve a variety of approaches to educate parents and get them involved in promoting their teen’s safe driving.

Effectiveness Concerns: This countermeasure has been examined in several research studies. Despite some positive research findings, particularly in terms of behavioral changes, the balance of evidence regarding countermeasure effectiveness remains inconclusive.

Further information about the known research, potential effectiveness, costs, use, and time to implement is available in Appendix A6, Section 3.1.