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This countermeasure involves laws that specifically target the issue of drowsy drivers. For example, a law could permit drivers to be prosecuted for vehicular homicide if they have not slept in 24 hours and they cause a crash in which someone is killed.

As of February 2022 New Jersey and Arkansas are the only States with laws explicitly addressing drowsy driving (GHSA, n.d.-b).

Laws that specifically target drowsy drivers are not widely used, and this countermeasure has not been systematically examined. There is insufficient evaluation data available to determine the effectiveness of the countermeasure.