Post-Licensure or Second-Tier Driver Education
This countermeasure involves post-licensure driver education curricula that are integrated with driver education included in GDL (Smith, 1994). These “second-tier” post-licensure courses teach safety-related information, building on the on-road experience that the students have acquired in their initial months of driving. They should not be confused with “advanced driving training” courses that teach driving skills such as panic braking, skid control, and evasive lane-changing maneuvers.
Michigan is the only State that has adopted a two-stage system of driver education (Mayhew, 2007). This countermeasure has not been systematically examined. There is insufficient evaluation data available to determine the effectiveness of the countermeasure.