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Effectiveness: 2 Star Cost: Varies
Use: Varies
Time: Varies

This countermeasure involves the standard court sanctions for DWI offenses, which include driver’s license suspension or revocation, fines, jail, community service, and victim impact panels. All States use some combination of these sanctions. Some States set mandatory minimum levels for some sanctions, which often increase for second and subsequent offences.

Effectiveness Concerns: Most of these measures are widely used. Their effectiveness has been examined in research studies. Despite some positive findings, the balance of evidence regarding the effectiveness of these countermeasures remains inconclusive.

Further information about the known research, potential effectiveness, costs, use, and time to implement are available in Appendix A1, Section 3.4.