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80 Fed. Reg. 78292 (December 16, 2015), Electronic logging devices and hours of service supporting documents; Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Final rule.

AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety . (2010). Asleep at the wheel: The prevalence and impact of drowsy driving.

AAAFTS. (2014). Violations and enforcement of graduated driver licensing restrictions in North Carolina and Washington State.

AAAFTS. (2016). 2015 traffic safety culture index.

AAAFTS. (2018). 2017 traffic safety culture index.

Bioulac, S., Franchi, J. A. M., Arnaud, M., Sagaspe, P., Moore, N., Salvo, F., & Philip, P. (2017). Risk of motor vehicle accidents related to sleepiness at the wheel: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep40(10), zsx134.

Blanco, M., Bocanegra, J. L., Morgan, J. F., Fitch, G. M, Medina, A., Olson, R. L., Hanowski, R., J., Daily, B. &Zimmermann, R. P. [Part I], Howarth, H. D., Domenico, T., E., Barr, L. C., Popkin, S., M., & Green, K. [Part II] (2009, April). Assessment of a drowsy driver warning system for heavy-vehicle drivers (Report No. DOT HS 811 117). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.­NRD/Multimedia/PDFs/Crash%20Avoidance/2009/811117.pdf

Brown, T., Lee, J., Schwarz, C., Fiorentino, D., & McDonald, A. (2014, February). Assessing the feasibility of vehicle-based sensors to detect drowsy driving (Report No. DOT HS 811 886). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Caponecchia, C., & Williamson, A. (2018). Drowsiness and driving performance on commuter trips. Journal of Safety Research66, 179-186.

FMCSA. (2016). Strategic plan, Fiscal years 2015-2018.

Foss, R. D., Feaganes, J. R., & Rodgman, E. A. (2001). Initial effects of graduated driver licensing on 16-year-old driver crashes in North Carolina. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286(13), 1588-1592.

Governors Highway Safety Association. (2016). Wake up call! Understanding drowsy driving and what States can do.

GHSA. (2019). Teen and novice drivers.

Goodwin, A., Foss, R., Sohn, J., & Mayhew, D. (2007). Guidance for implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan, Volume 19: A guide for reducing collisions involving young drivers. Transportation Research Board.

Hedlund, J., & Compton, R. (2005). Graduated driver licensing research in 2004 and 2005. Journal of Safety Research, 36, 109-119.

Higgins, J. S., Michael, J., Austin, R., Åkerstedt, T., Van Dongen, H., Watson, N., Czeisler, C., Pack, A. I., & Rosekind, M. R. (2017). Asleep at the wheel—The road to addressing drowsy driving. Sleep40(2), zsx001.

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. (2012). They’re working: Insurance collision claims data show which new technologies are preventing crashes. Status Report, Special Issue: Crash Avoidance, 47(5).

IIHS. (2014, October 24). Technology that pays attention to the road when drivers don’t. In Status Report, Eyes on the road, Searching for answers to the problem of distracted driving, 49(8).

IIHS. (2019). Teenagers.

Lansdown, T. C. (2002). Individual differences during driver secondary task performance: Verbal protocol and visual allocation findings. Accident Analysis & Prevention34(5), 655-662.

Liu, Y. (2016). Prevalence of healthy sleep duration among adults—United States, 2014. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 65, 137-141.

Lyznicki, J. M., Doege, T. C., Davis, R. M., & Williams, M. A. (1998). Sleepiness, driving, and motor vehicle crashes. JAMA279(23), 1908-1913.

Marcus, J. H., & Rosekind, M. R. (2017). Fatigue in transportation: NTSB investigations and safety recommendations. Injury Prevention23(4), 232-238.

May, J. F., & Baldwin, C. L. (2009). Driver fatigue: The importance of identifying causal factors of fatigue when considering detection and countermeasure technologies. Transportation Research Part F, 12, 218-224.

McCartt, A. T., & Teoh, E. R. (2015). Tracking progress in teenage driver crash risk in the United States since the advent of graduated driver licensing programs. Journal of Safety Research, 53, 1–9

National Center for Statistics and Analysis. (2019, October). 2018 fatal motor vehicle crashes: Overview (Traffic Safety Facts Research Note. Report No. DOT HS 812 826). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

NHTSA. (2014-2018). Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) [Custom data set analysis]. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

NHTSA. (2016-2018). Crash Report Sampling System (CRSS) [Custom data set analysis]. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (2016a). Asleep at the wheel: A nation of drowsy drivers [Web page meeting agenda].

NHTSA. (2016b). NHTSA drowsy driving research and program plan (Report No. DOT HS 812 252).

National Sleep Foundation (NSF). (2004). Drive Alert – Arrive Alive national campaign.

NSF. (2006). Teens and sleep: Sleep in America poll.

NSF. (2012). Transportation workers’ sleep: Sleep in America poll.

National Transportation Safety Board. (2016). Most wanted list of transportation safety improvements.

Owens, J. M., Dingus, T. A., Guo, F., Fang, Y., Perez, M., McClafferty, J., & Tefft, B. (2018). Prevalence of drowsy-driving crashes: Estimates from a large-scale naturalistic driving study. AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

Papadelis, C., Chen, Z., Kourtidou-Papadeli, C., Bamidis, P. D., Chouvarda, I., Bekiaris, E., & Maglaveras, N. (2007). Monitoring sleepiness with on-board electrophysiological recordings for preventing sleep-deprived traffic accidents. Clinical Neurophysiology, 118, 1906-1922.

Persaud, B., Lyon, C., Eccles, K., & Soika, J. (2016). Safety effectiveness of centerline plus shoulder rumble strips on two-lane rural roads. Journal of Transportation Engineering142(5).

Powell, N. B., & Chau, J. K. (2011). Sleepy driving. Sleep Medicine Clinics6(1), 117-124.

Royal, D. (2003, April). National survey of distracted and drowsy driving attitudes and behavior: 2002 volume I: Findings (Report No. DOT HS 809 566). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.­files/hs809566v1.pdf

Sahayadhas, A., Sundaraj, K., & Murugappan, M. (2012). Detecting driver drowsiness based on sensors: A review. Sensors, 12, 16937-16953.

Shockey, T. M., & Wheaton, A. G. (2017). Short sleep duration by occupation group—29 states, 2013–2014. MMWR - Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report66(8), 207.

Shope, J. T., Molnar, L. J., Elliott, M. R., & Waller, P. F. (2001). Graduated driver licensing in Michigan. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286(13), 1593-1598.

Stutts, J., Knipling, R. R., Pfefer, R., Neuman, T. R., Slack, K. L., & Hardy, K. K. (2005). A guide for addressing collisions involving distracted or fatigued drivers. (Report 500, Vol. 14). Transportation Research Board.

Tassi, P., & Muzet, A. (2000). Sleep inertia. Sleep Medicine Reviews4(4), 341-353.

Tefft, B. C. (2014). Prevalence of motor vehicle crashes involving drowsy drivers, United States, 1999-2013. AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

Tefft, B. C. (2016). Acute sleep deprivation and risk of motor vehicle crash involvement. AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

Wheaton, A. G., Chapman, D. P., Presley-Cantrell, L. R., Croft, J. B., & Roehler, D. R. (2013). Drowsy driving – 19 States and the District of Columbia, 2009-2010. Centers for Disease Control Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 61, Nos 51 & 52, 1033-1037.

Wheaton, A. G., Shults, R. A., Chapman, D. P., Ford, E. S., & Croft, J. B. (2014). Drowsy driving and risk behaviors-10 States and Puerto Rico, 2011-2012. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report63, 557-562.

Wierwille, W. W., Wreggit, S. S., Kirn, C. L., Ellsworth, L. A., & Fairbanks, R. J. (1994). Research on vehicle-based driver status/performance monitoring; Development, validation, and refinement of algorithms for detection of driver drowsiness (Report No. DOT HS 808 247).

Williams, A. F. (2007). Contribution of the components of graduated licensing to crash reductions. Journal of Safety Research, 38, 177-184.

Williams, A. F. (2017). Graduated driver licensing (GDL) in the United States in 2016: A literature review and commentary. Journal of Safety Research63, 29-41.

Williams, A. F., & Preusser, D. F. (1997). Night driving restrictions for youthful drivers: A literature review and commentary. Journal of Public Health Policy, 18(3), 334-345.